Henry Climinghawk died in 1837. He was buried on the Presbyterian side of the Birmingham cemetery in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. In Warriors Mark Township, where Henry resided for 50 years, a legend has grown up around him. It is said, by some, that Henry “Climbing Hawk” was “Chief of the Bald Eagle Indians”, and a scout for the Americans during the Revolutionary war—he was even said to have fought against the Indians. This certainly has the makings of an interesting Hollywood movie, but how much, if any, of this legend is true? Was Henry Climinghawk a Native American Chief, and did he fight in the American Revolutionary War against the Indians? In a series of posts I will be looking at the various aspects of the life of Henry Climinghawk. To be up-front, I am going to argue that Climinghawk was not an Indian Chief, but was instead a former Hessian soldier named Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen who deserted from the 3rd English-Waldeck Regiment in 1777. And, that he subsequently joined, and served out the rest of the war, with the American Continental Army’s New Jersey Line, before finding his way to Warrior’s Mark, Pennsylvania in the late 1780s.
What follows are gleanings from Indiana newspapers pertaining to the Gimanhaga family after they arrived in Elkhart, Indiana in the late 1840s. I had intended to write this information in story form, and I may still do that, but it’s interesting reading, in its own right I think, “as is.” Enjoy!
1850 (Jul 3). LIST OF LETTERS Remaining in the Post Office, at Goshen July 1st, 1850. Klinenhage, Moses.
1865 (Oct 7). LIST OF LETTERS REMAINING IN THE POST OFFICE at Elkhart, Oct. 7th, 1865: Glumanhaga Adam.
1870 (Jun 2). LIST OF LETTERS Remaining in the Post Office, at Elkhart, Ind., June 2d, 1870: Glimenhaga A S.
1871 (Apr 20). Henry Culp to A. Glymanhaga, 10 acres in w ½ sw ¼ sec 20 tp 36, range 5–$360.
1874 (Dec 30). LIST OF LETTERS Remaining in the Post Office, at Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 30, 1874: Glimanhaga Adam.
1875 (Feb 16). LIST OF LETTERS Remaining in the Post Office, at Elkhart, Feb 16, 1875. Glimenhaga miss M C.
1875 (Jul 15). GLIMANHAGA.—On Wednesday, July 14th, at his residence in Harrison township of dropsy, Moses Glimanhaga, aged 74 years. Mr. Glimanhaga was one of the first settlers of this county, and leaves a respectable family to mourn his loss. Funeral services will be held at the yellow creek Mennonite Church, on Friday, July 16th, at 10 o’clock A.M.
1875 (Aug). KLIMENHAGE. In Elkhart Co., Ind., on the 15th of July, 1875, of Dropsy, Bro. MOSES KLIMENHAGE, aged 72 years, 11 months and 27 days. He was born in Bardi township, in the vicinity of Black Creek, Ontario, on the 17th of July 1802, removed to Ohio in 1840 and from there to Elkhart county, Ind., in 1848. He was married 47 years, had 11 children, five sons and six daughters, two sons and five daughters are still living. He was a man of great patience and meekness, he was a consistent member of the church and was universally beloved and respected. He bore his severe afflictions with the most exemplary submission to his Heavenly Father’s will. He felt prepared for the end, and longed for the time when he should be released from suffering and received to glory. Peace to his ashes. Text, 2 Cor. 4:17, 18.
1883 (Jan 25). Catherine Glimanhage to Alpha B. Culp, 39 acres in Harrison tp., $2,000.
1883 (Oct 4). Mrs. Catharine Glimanhaga is still very poorly.
1883 (Oct 15). GLIMANHAGE. On the 6th of October, in Harrison tp., Elkhart Co., Ind., of a protracted illness, Sister Catharine, widow of the late Moses Glimanhage, who died some eight years ago. She was born in Markham tp., York county, Ontario, and reached the advanced age of 74 years, 1 month and 15 days. She was married on the 29th of April 1828 and was the mother of 11 children, 7 of whom are still living, 9 grand children of whom 4 are yet living. She removed from Canada to Putman county, to the place where she died. She was a faithful and devoted Christian, a kind and tender hearted mother and suffered with meekness and patience, enduring faithfully to the end. Her affliction falls heavily on the sorrowing family but tis God who bereft, and he can heal all their sorrows. She was buried on Sunday Oct. 7th. A large concourse of relatives and friends followed her to the grave. Services at Yellow Creek Meeting-house by J. F. Funk and Noah Metzler from 3 John 2 v. Peace to her ashes.
1883 (Oct 25). Catharine Glimanhaga to John W. Pletcher, 80 a in Harrison tp., $2,000.
1883 (Nov 15). Adam Glimenhaga to L. M. McCoy, 10 a in Harrison tp, $500.
1884. Among those who visited Dr. F. L. Miles for medical treatment, yesterday, were Miss Catharine Glimanhaga, Goshen…
1886 (Sep 30). Abraham Klimenhaga’s barn, in Harrison township, was struck by lightning, about 4 o’clock this morning, set of fire and entirely destroyed, together with four horses and other property. Loss about $2,500, with insurance of $600.
1886 (Sep 30). The large bank barn of Abraham Glimanhaga, living one mile west of Harrison Center, was struck by lightning this morning at about four o’clock, and was burned with all its contents. Four horses, thirty bushels of clover seed with the wagon on which it was loaded, all his wheat and oats, which were threshed lately, and the hay, fell a prey to the devouring flames. The farming implements and corn were in other buildings and were saved. There was some insurance in the mutual aid association—Goshen Times.
1888 (Jul 19). Abraham and Lydia Glimanhaga visited with D. A. Lehman and family over Sunday. Miss Glimanhaga will visit friends at this place for a few days.
1889 (Sep 26). Curtis A. Freeland and Ella M. Shellenberger, Henry Canen and Edith Glimenhaga, William A. Kantz and Hattie E. Mitchell have been licensed to marry.
1891 (Jun 4). Lydia Glimenhaga lost a black shawl last week between Wakarusa and Shriver’s school house. The finder will please leave it at Dr. Sensenich’s office.
1891 (Oct 16). Adam Glimanhaga, aged 62, died last night at his home eight miles west of Goshen. Funeral tomorrow at ten o’clock at the Mennonite cemetery. His death was the result of a stroke of paralysis. 
1891 (Nov 1). GLIMENHAGE. On the 15th of October 1891, in Elkhart county, Indiana, of heart disease, Adam Glimenhage, aged 59 years, 10 months and 27 days. He leaves a sorrowing companion in feeble health and three daughters, brother and four sisters to mourn his death. He was taken suddenly on Monday morning previous. He went out of the house where he fell and became unconscious, in which condition he remained to the time of his death. He was a kind-hearted quiet man, respected and beloved by all who knew him. He was buried on the 18th. Funeral services were held at the chapel, and the burial took place at Yellow Creek. The funeral procession arrived at the church just as the funeral services of Solomon Culp were concluded and the two caskets were placed together and the immense congregation, formed by the two funerals, passed by the two caskets at the same time, presenting a very impressive scene.
1892 (Feb 1). On the 22d of Dec. 1891, in Elkhart county, Indiana, suddenly of heart disease, Edith May Glimanhage, wife of Henry Canon, aged 18 years, 6 months and 18 days. She was buried on Christmas day at Yellow Creek Mennonite Meeting-house, where services were held by C.L. Richart and George Lambert. She felt unwell during the forenoon and after dinner when her sister came to see her she sat down on the bed conversing with her sister with her infant in her arms and fell over and died. Be ye also ready for in such as hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.
1894 (May 10). Mrs. Louis Shietzly, of near Syracuse, died a few days ago aged sixty five years. Her maiden name was Barbara Glimenhaga. She was born in Canada and came with her parents to Harrison township, Elkhart county, when 12 years of age. She was married to Mr. Shietzly in 1861, who died in 1884. She has an only child, Mrs. B.F. Kitson, who survives her.
1894 (Jun 1). SHEETSLEY.-On the 25th of April 1894, in Turkey Creek Twp., Kosciusko Co., Ind., of a cancer, Barbara, widow of the late Lewis Sheetsley (who died some ten years ago), aged 65 y., 18 d. She was born in Markham Twp., York Co., Ont., and married in 1860. She was the mother of one child, and 4 grandchildren. Her maiden name was Climenhage. She was a member of the Evangelical denomination. Her last words were, “all is well with me.” Buried April 27 at Byers M.H. Services by Pre. Myers from Rev. 7:14.
1895 (Feb). Arvilla, wife of Adam Climenhaga of Harrison township, died Wednesday morning of dropsy. The deceased was sixty-five years of age and leaves a family of children. The funeral services were conducted by Rev. Lehman at the Yellow Creek church.
1895 (Feb 20). Mrs. Adam Climenhaga, of Harrison township, died last Wednesday. She was 65 years of age.
1895 (Feb 21). Obituary of Mrs. Glimanhaga. Mrs. Adam Glimanhaga died at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Geo. Rellinger, five and one half miles north-east of Wakarusa, Feb, 12th, aged 63 years and 11 months. Mrs. Glimanhaga was the eldest daughter of the late I.C. Bennett and was born in Canada, near Toronto, in 1832. In 1856 she with her parents came to this county, and a year later was married to Adam Glimanhaga, who died some years ago. She was a great sufferer for years, but she bore it all with Christian fortitude often remarking that she ought to be willing to bear some suffering since Christ suffered so much for her. She was laid to rest beside her husband in the cemetery at Yellow Creek on Feb. 15th.
1895 (Mar 15). GLIMENHAGA. On the 12th of February 1895, in Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., Ind., Regina Glimenhaga, daughter of Isaac and Mary Bennett, aged 62 y., 11 m., 1 d. Buried on the 15th at Yellow Creek M. H. Funeral services by J. S. Lehman and J. F. Funk. Peace be to her ashes.
1904 (May 22). Albert Glymenhagh, aged 65, died in Harrison township today.
1904 (May 24). Abraham Glymenhagy, an old resident of Harrison township, died Sunday night at his home. He was about 65 years of age. The funeral will be held Wednesday at 10 o’clock from the house.
1904 (Jun 2). GLIMANHAGY.-On May 22, 1904, in Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., Ind., of paralysis, Abraham Glimanhagy, aged 73 Y., 11 M., 20 D. He was born in Markham, Canada, June 2, 1830. He moved with his parents to Putnam Co., Ohio, in 1840, and in 1848 they moved to Elkhart Co., Ind., on the farm where he died. There were eleven children in this family, five sons and six daughters, of whom only four daughters survive. Father and mother died a number of years ago, and the one brother and four sisters (all unmarried) occupied the old home. Bro. Abraham was a faithful member of the Mennonite church for a number of years, and was one of those quiet, inoffensive followers of the Lamb, that had won the love and respect of all who knew him. He was buried at the Yellow Creek M .H. on the 25th. His funeral was largely attended. Services were conducted by John F. Funk and Jonas Loucks, from 2 Cor. 5:1. May God comfort the surviving sisters, who are all in feeble health, and keep them as under the shadow of his wing, until they, too, shall be called to their eternal rest.
1905 (Oct 11). GLIMANHAGA. On October 3, 1905, at her home near Wakarusra, Ind., of paralysis, Anna Glimanhaga, aged 66 years, 5 months and 5 days. One brother and four sisters have been making their home together for many years. A little over a year ago the brother died, and now one of the sisters. She leaves three sisters and other relatives to mourn her departure. Funeral services at the Yellow Creek M.H., Oct. 5, by J.F. Funk and Jonas Loucks.
1906 (Jul 24). WILL OF ANNA GLIMANHAGA Is Probated Today and Disposes of Her Estate. The will of Anna Glimanhaga of Wakarusa, was probated today. It was executed Aug. 2, 1904, and witnessed by Samuel S. Harrington and Aaron S. Sensenich. Mr. Sensenich is named an executor. After suitable burial expenses are paid, the property is to be equally divided among the three sisters of the deceased: Lydia, Catherine, and Fanny Glimanhaga. They are to hold it for life and upon the death of one the others are to inherit her share. After they are all dead, the estate is to be equally divided between Mary A. Kitson, the daughter of Barbara Sheezley, a sister of the deceased and the three children of Adam Glimanhaga. No estimate of the value of the estate is given in the document.
1908 (May 9). GLIMANHAGE. On April 24, 1908, in Elkhart Co., Ind., of lingering disease, Sister Lydia Glimanhage, passed away; aged 65 y. 10m. 22d. She was born June 2, 1842. The family emigrated to Indiana from Canada in the early settlements of Elkhart county. She was the third member of this family that was called away by death within the past four years, and one of four sisters and one brother who all lived unmarried on the old homestead where the parents lived and died. Two sisters, both in feeble health, survive. One married brother and one married sister have also passed away in the years past. Funeral services were held on Sunday, Apr. 26, at the Yellow Creek M. H., where services were conducted by John F. Funk and Jonas Loucks from Rev. 7:13–17. The funeral was largely attended.
1908 (June 9). Will Probated. The last will of Lydia Glimanhaga of Harrison township was probated today. The will was drawn August 2, 1904. All property is left to her sisters, Anna, Catherine and Fanny Glimanhaga, during their life, and after their death, the residue passes half to Mary A. Kitson, daughter of Barbara Shetzley nee Glimanhaga, and half to Mary C. Shine, Esther Rellinger and Orville and Gertrude Canen, children of the late Edith Glimanhaga Canen. Aaron S. Sensennich is named executor.
1908 (Nov 19). TO QUIET TITLE. In the Circuit Court of Elkhart County, State of Indiana, ss: DECEMBER 1908 TERM. FANNY GLIMANHAGA, CATHARINE GLIMENHAGA vs. MICHAEL MILLER, —– MILLER, whose christian name is unknown, wife or widow, as the case maybe, of Michael Miller, deceased. The unknown heirs, legatees, devisees of Michael Miller, deceased. [Cause No. 12266 Quiet Title]. Be it known, That on this 16th day of November in the year 1908 the above name plaintiffs by their attorneys, filed in the office of the Clerk of the Elkhart Circuit Court a complaint against said defendants in the above entitled cause, together with an affidavit of a competent person, that the plaintiffs have a meritorious cause of action against said defendants to quiet title to real estate and that the defendants, Michael Miller, —– Miller, whose Christian name is unknown, wife or widow, as the case may be of Michael Miller, deceased, the unknown heirs, legatees and devisees of said Michael Miller, deceased are not residents of the state of Indiana. Said defendants are therefore hereby notified of the filing and pendency of said complaint against them and unless they appear and answer or demur thereto at the calling of said cause on the 11th day of January 1909, the same being the 25th Judicial day of the December 1908 term of said court to be begun and held at the Court House in Goshen, on the 2nd Monday in December next: said complaint and the matters and things therein contained and alleged, will be heard and determined in their absence. GEO. W. FLEMING, Clerk Elkhart Circuit Cours. Chas. O. Betchtel, Davis & Shaefer l Attorneys for plaintiff.
1909 (Apr 30). …That the assessments against said lands in Harrison, Concord and Olive Townships in Elkhart County, Indiana, are as follows, to-wit: Glymenhaga, Fannie, Anna, Lydia and Catherine….$50.00.
1910 (Apr 7). Wakarusa Plays a Conspicuous Part in the Civil War When Volunteers are Called. Those Who Never Returned, Killed in Battle, Died in Hospitals and Prisons or of Wounds: Michael Glimenhaga 74th Ind. [Note: Died Mar. 19, 1863 Murfreesboro, Rutherford County Tennessee, USA]
1911 (Feb 13). Noah S. Hoover has been appointed guardian for Fannie and Catherine Glimenhaga, owners of 160 acres of land near Wakarusa, and alleged to be incompetent to manage it.
1911 (Feb 28). Noah S. Yoder refused to qualify as guardian for Fannie and Catherine Glimanhaga and Ira S. Burns was appointed today.
1911 (Mar 9). Irvin E. Burns, guardian of Fannie and Catherine Glimanhaga, who early in the term were declared of unsound mind, this morning filed an inventory of their personal property, the value of which was fixed at $150. Rentals from their real estate he found were bringing in $123.60 per year.
1912 (Jul 4) Anna Hartman, Susan Hetrick and Mrs. I. S. Burns were cleaning house for the Glimanhaga sisters several days last week.
1916 (Sep 13). Irvin S. Burns, rural route No. 5, Goshen, guardian of Fannie Glimanhaga and Catherine Glimanhaga, unsound, filed his resignation and final report, which were accepted and approved. 
1916 (Sep 21). Joseph Loucks was today granted letters as guardian of Fannie and Catherine Glimanhaga, filling a bond of $1,500.
1917 (Jan 4). GLIMANHAGA. Veronica (or Fannie) Glimanhaga was born in Ontario, Feb. 2, 1835; died in Elkhart Co., Ind., Dec. 13, 1916; aged 81 y. 10 m. 11 d. She leaves to mourn her departure a sister and other relatives. She with the surviving sister lived together for many years on the farm where she died. She had been in feeble health for years. She united with the Mennonite Church over fifty years ago and remained faithful to the end. Funeral services were conducted at the Yellow Creek Church on Dec. 16, by Jacob K. Bixler from the text II Cor. 5:1.
1917 (Feb 16). WILL IS FILED. The will of Fannie Glimanhaga, who died at her home in Harrison township on December 13, has been filed for probate.
1919 (Jun 24). COURT HEARS ARGUMENTS ON ACTION OF GUARDIAN IN REGARD TO LAND DEAL. The time of the superior court was taken this forenoon with arguments for and against motions to dismiss proceedings in which Fannie and Catherine Glimanhaga are interested. They are wards of John Loucks and were deeded a life interest in a farm for their support. Proceedings have been instituted by others who are interested in the farm to have the conveyance set aside. It was this phase of the controversy that was considered today. Judge Hile took the matter under advisement.
1921 (Feb 17). TWO FARM HOUSES LEVELED BY FIRE. Property Under Litigation Because of Transfer by Guardian Suffers Big Loss. Two large two-story frame houses on what is known as the Glinanhaga farm, seven miles south of Elkhart and just west of the Prairie street road—which property is now in litigation—were completely destroyed by fire, together with their contents, about 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon. The loss is estimated at $5,000, partially covered by insurance. As explained in The Truth a few days ago, the farm, now reduced to 80 acres, was once the property of four spinster sisters—Anna, Lydia, Catherine and Fannie Glinanhaga—and each made a will leaving her interests to the others and finally to Mary Kitson, a niece, and the children of a nephew, Adam Glinenhaga; all the sisters died but Catherine, now 80 years old, and when she was declared of unsound mind Jonas Loucks was appointed guardian; then he, with the court’s approval three years ago, deeded the property to his son-in-law and wife, Ira and Emma Christophel to reimburse them for caring for Catherine during the remainder of her life. Mrs. Kitson et al. recently filed action to set aside the transfer to Christophel, and after the issues were argued two and a half days in the superior court Judge Hile took the case under advisement. The Christophel family has been living in one of the dwellings on the place, and the aged ward has been occupying the other. FIRE STARTED BY SPARKS. About an hour before the discovery of the blaze yesterday, Mr. Christophel returned from Goshen and built a fire in one of the stoves of the house occupied by his family. It is thought sparks from this chimney ignited the roof. The blaze spread so rapidly the family had no time to rescue any of the contents and a high wind quickly carried brands to the other house. It, too, was soon beyond saving. Mrs. Christophel with her five-week-old baby and four other children, and Miss Glinanhaga were taken to the Eli Zimmerman home on an adjoining farm, where they are still stopping. The farm (with its buildings that are now destroyed) was valued at $10,000.
1921 (Feb 28). COURT CALLED TO UNDO TRANSFER. Guardian’s Act in Deeding Ward’s Farm to His Own Kin is Attacked by Relatives. At the conclusion of a trial that occupied the attention of the superior court two and one-half days Judge Hile took under advisement the case of Mary A. Kitson, et al. against Jonas Loucks (guardian of Catherine Glimenhaga) and Ira and Emma Christophel to set aside the conveyance of 80 acres of land in Harrison township, which is valued at $10,000, by Loucks as guardian of Catherine Glimenhaga, to Ira and Emma Christophel, his son-in-law and daughter. The conveyance was to reimburse the last named for caring for Catherine Glimenhaga during the remainder of her lifetime. She was about 75 years old when the conveyance was made. Many irregularities are alleged in the transaction. Some of the preliminaries to the court action are of interest. Anna, Lydia, Catherine and Fannie Glimenhaga, spinsters, owned and lived on the Harrison township farm, originally 120 acres. On August 2, 1904, each made a will granting to her other three sisters her interest in the farm during lifetime, with a provision that after the death of all of then the estate was to go to Mary A. Kitson, a niece, and to the children of Adam Glimenhaga, a nephew. Anna and Lydia Glimenhaga died soon after the wills were drawn. In 1916 Catherine and Fannie Glimenhaga were declared of unsound mind, and Loucks was appointed as their guardian. Fannie died the next year. Just prior to her death Loucks, who is said to be a Mennonite minister and pastor of the church where the petitioners and wards worship, filed a petition for the conveyance of the real estate, subject to an indebtedness of $2,800, but with $500 extra funds to apply on the debt, to his son-in-law and daughter. This later was approved by the court and the transfer took place. Catherine Glimenhaga is now about 80 years old. L.W. Vail of Goshen and Raymer & Olds of this city were retained by the petitioners and Deahl & Deahl and T.A. Davis of Goshen represented the defendants.
1921 (Apr 8). COURT VOIDS ACT OF A GUARDIAN. Orders John Loucks to Undo Conveyance of Ward’s Property to His Own Relatives. In the case of Esther Glimanhaga, Mary Kitson, Mary Shine, Orville Canen and Gertrud Myers against Jonas Loucks, guardian of Fannie and Catherine Glimanhaga, sisters of unsound mind, to set aside a conveyance by Loucks to Ira and Emma Christophel, of 80 acres of Harrison township land owned by his wards, Judge W.B. Hile yesterday made an order setting aside the conveyance and a contract on which the conveyance was based. All orders and decrees made in favor of Loucks as guardian were also set aside. Loucks was given permission to file an amended petition to sell the real estate. The case has been in court four years. The land is valued at $200 an acre. Two houses on the farm burned last fall following the hearing before Judge Hile, entailing a loss off several thousand dollars with but $1,200 insurance. The Christophels have spent several thousand dollars in improvements on the place, and the question of their reimbursement is one that is likely to cause further legal complications, it is said. HISTORY OF THE CASE. Originally there were four unmarried Glimanhaga sisters who owned undivided interests in the farm. They each made a will leaving her interest to the surviving sisters. Two died, leaving Fanny and Catherine owners of the farm. A guardian was appointed to manage their affairs. He resigned and Loucks was appointed. His daughter, Emma, was married to Ira Christophel. Soon after Loucks became guardian he secured from the superior court permission to enter into a contract for the sale of the land. He then sold the land to his son-in-law and a daughter. It was represented to the court, it was charged, that Loucks did not show the relationship of the Christophels to him: neither was it shown that whatever of the property might be left when the sisters were all dead, was to go to residuary legatees, the petitioners. These petitioners are nephews and nieces of the Glimanhaga sisters. It was averred that the petitioners had no notice of the court proceedings and therefore were not bound, and that the contract and conveyance were fraudulent and void and that the guardian had no right to barter the property away. L.W. Vail of Goshen and Raymer & Olds of this city represented the petitioners and Tom Davis and Deahl & Deahl of Goshen represented the guardian and the Chrsitophels.
1921 (May 6). COURT GIVES NEW LEAVE FOR SALE OF GLIMANHAGA FARM. The Glimanhaga guardianship case occupied the attention of Judge W.B. Hile in the superior court again today. It came up this time in the form of a report from Jonas Loucks, guardian of Fannie (now dead) and Catherine Glimanhaga, and in the filing of claims against the estate by him, and by Ira and Anne Christophel, his son-in-law and daughter. A recent decision by the court was that a sale of the 80-acre farm of the Glimanhagas in Harrison township to the Christophels was void because of irregularities and the sale was set aside with permission for the guardian to amend his petition for permission to sell and begin over again. This petition was filed today and along with it was a claim by the guardian for $2,949.12 for money he has expended in paying interest, taxes, etc. The claim of the Christophels is for $6,164.38, and is for money expended in repairs to buildings, the erection of a barn, rebuilding fences, care of Catherine Glimanhaga, etc. Fannie Glimanhaga died in 1916. The two houses on the place were burned last winter. The value of the land is placed at $7,200. The indebtedness, including the claims, is placed at $9,268.21. Permission to sell was granted; bond being fixed at $15,000. 
1921 (Dec 15). Judge Hile has announced his decision in the case of Ira and Emma Christophel against the estate of Catherine Glimanhaga to recover the money expended in improvements made on the farm of Miss Glimanhaga and for care of her and an invalid sister. The Christophels asked for $6,167, and the court awards them $4,278.40.
1921 (Dec 15). Court Renders Judgment In Notable Estate Case. Judge Hiles in the superior court yesterday announced his decision in the case of Ira Christophel against the estate of Catherine Glimanhaga to recover for money expended in improvements made on the farm of Miss Glimanhaga and for care of her and an invalid sister. The Christophels asked for $6,167, and the court awards them $4,278.40. The Glimanhaga estate is one of the oldest in the guardianship docket of the superior court and has been the cause of much litigation. It consisted originally of an 80-acre farm in Harrison township on which were two dwelling houses. It was owned by four Glimanhaga sisters, all unmarried. All but Catherine are dead. As the other three sisters one after another died, she left a will in which she bequeathed her undivided share on the estate to her surviving sisters for life with a provision that any portion of her share remaining after the death of the last surviving sister should go to nephews and nieces as residuary legatees. In 1917 conditions had become such at the home of the two sisters then living that neighbors insisted something should be done to see that they were provided for properly. Jonas Loucks of Wakarusa was at that time guardian of the sisters. Testimony at the hearing was that he consulted an attorney who advised him to petition the superior court for permission to sell the farm, pay off any incumberances, and use the remainder of the fund to care for the sisters. This was done and permission was obtained from the court to sell the farm. The petition erroneously set out that the sisters owned the farm in fee simple. Loucks sold the place to his son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Christophel, giving them a guardian’s deed for it which the court approved. The Christophel’s took possession of the place, built a barn on it, improved it in other ways and cared for the Glimanhaga sisters. This they continued to do for four years and four months, the evidence showed. In the meantime one of the sisters died, leaving a will similar to those of the two sisters who had preceded her. In the meantime W.B. Hile had become judge. Attorneys for the residuary legatees brought suit to set aside the deed conveying the farm to the Christophels on the ground that they should have been made parties when the petition was filed for permission to sell the farm but were not made parties, this having had no notice that a sale of real estate in which they had an interest was to be made, Judge Hile set the deed aside. Then came the suit to recover for money spent and for labor in the care of the sisters, with the result as announced by the court yesterday. While these events were transpiring the dwelling houses on the farm burned. Insurance of $1,200 was collected. Through a proper proceeding the farm was sold for $11,700 with which to pay liabilities and for the care of Catherine Glimanhaga as long as she lives. After her death the remainder of the fund will for the residuary legatees, the nephews and nieces, of whom there are four. 
1922 (Jan 28). NEW GUARDIAN NAMED. William Everest was appointed guardian for Catherine Glimanhaga, succeeding Jonas Loucks, resigned. Mr. Loucks turned over a balance of $1,394.64 to Mr. Everest, who filed a bond of $2,800.
1924 (Jan 10). GLIMANHAGA. Catherine Glimanhaga, daughter of Moses and Catherine Glimanhaga (pioneers of Harrison Township), was born on the homestead March 11, 1850; died Dec. 26, 1923, in the Mennonite Home for the Aged at Eureka, Ill.; aged 73 y. 9 m. 15 d. She was the youngest of eleven children, and the last of the family to be called by death, having been a faithful member of the Mennonite Church for many years. She lived on the homestead nearly 71 years, after which she made her home with a niece, Mrs. George Rellinger, until Sept. 20, 1923, at which time she entered the Home for the Aged, where she remained until death. The nearest surviving relatives are three nieces, Mrs. George Rellinger, of Elkhart, Ind., Mrs. John Shine of Bangor, Mich., and Mrs. Benjamin Kitson of Syracuse, Ind. She is also survived by many other relatives and friends. Funeral services were held at Yellow Creek Mennonite Church near Goshen, Ind., conducted by J. F. Funk and D. A. Yoder.
 Goshen Democrat Wednesday July 03, 1850 — Page 3
 The Elkhart Review, Saturday, October 07, 1865, Page–
 The Elkhart Review, Thursday, June 02, 1870, Page–
 The Elkhart Review, Thursday, April 20, 1871, Page–
 The Elkhart Observer, Wednesday, December 30, 1874, Page-2
 The Elkhart Evening Review Tuesday, February 16, 1875
 The Wakarusa Sun Thursday, July 15, 1875, Page-3
 Herald of Truth, Vol. XII (8), August 1875, p. 87
 Goshen Times Thursday, January 25, 1883 Page-3
 Goshen Times Thursday, October 04, 1883 Page-2
 Herald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), October 15, 1883, p. 317
 Goshen Times Thursday, October 25, 1883 Page-2
 Goshen Times Thursday, November 15, 1883 Page-2
 The Elkhart Review, 1884
 Goshen Daily News, Thursday, March 18, 1886, Page-1
 The Elkhart Review, March 1886
 The Elkhart Review, Thursday, September 30, 1886, Page–
 Nappanee News Thursday, September 30, 1886 — Page 2
 Goshen Times Thursday, July 19, 1888 Page-8
 Goshen Times Thursday, September 26, 1889 Page-7
 Goshen Weekly News Friday, March 13, 1891 Page-2
 Goshen Daily News Tuesday, March 10, 1891
 Goshen Democrat Wednesday, March 11, 1891
 Goshen Times Thursday, March 12, 1891
 Goshen Weekly Truth Thursday, March 12, 1891
 Goshen Times Thursday June 4, 1891 — Page 5
 Goshen Daily News Friday, October 16, 1891 Page-2
 Goshen Weekly News Friday, October 23, 1891
 Herald of Truth, Vol. XXVIII (21), November 1, 1891 p. 334, 335.
 Herald of Truth , Vol. XXIX, No. 3, February 1, 1892, Page 46
 Goshen Times Thursday, January 25, 1894 Page-2
 Goshen Democrat Wednesday, January 17, 1894
 Goshen Times Thursday, May 10, 1894 Page-2
 Herald of Truth, Vol. XXXI, No. 11, June 1, 1894 — pp 174,17
 The Elkhart Review, October 31, 1894
 Goshen Democrat Wednesday, October 31, 1894
 Goshen Times Thursday, November 1, 1894
 Nappanee News Thursday, November 8, 1894
 The Goshen Times, February 1895
 Nappanee News Wednesday, February 20, 1895 Page-5
 Goshen Times Thursday, February 21, 1895 Page-8
 Herald of Truth, Vol. XXXII (6), March 15, 1895, p. 94, 95
 The Elkhart Weekly Review Sunday, May 22, 1904, Page–
 The Elkhart Daily Truth Tuesday, May 24, 1904, Page–
 Herald of Truth, Vol. XLI, No. 23, June 2, 1904 — pp 183,184
 Goshen Weekly News Times Friday, November 18, 1904 Page-1
 The Elkhart Daily Review, April 18, 1904
 The Elkhart Weekly Review, 1904
 The Gospel Witness, Vol. 1 (28), October 11, 1905, p. 224
 Goshen Democrat, Tuesday July 24, 1906
 Gospel Herald, Vol. I (6), May 9, 1908, p. 95
 Goshen Mid Week News Times Tuesday, June 09, 1908 Page-5
 Wakarusa Tribune Thursday, October 26, 1916 Page-8
 Goshen Mid Week News Times Friday April 30, 1909 — Page 4
 Wakarusa Tribune Thursday, April 07, 1910, Page-1
 Wakarusa Tribune, Thursday, February 13, 1911, Page-1
 The Elkhart Daily Review Friday, February 28, 1911, Page-4
 The Elkhart Truth Thursday March 9, 1911, Page-1
 Wakarusa Tribune Thursday, July 04, 1912 Page-4
 The Elkhart Truth Wednesday, September 13, 1916, Page-4
 The Elkhart Daily Review, Wednesday, September 13, 1916, Page-5
 The Elkhart Daily Review Thursday, September 21, 1916, Page-4
 Gospel Herald, Vol. IX (40), January 4, 1917, p. 734, 735.
 Goshen Weekly News Times Friday, February 16, 1917 Page-2
 The Elkhart Truth Tuesday, June 24, 1919, Page-4
 The Elkhart Truth Thursday, February 17, 1921, Page-1
 The Elkhart Truth Saturday, February 28, 1921, Page-3
 The Elkhart Truth Thursday, April 28, 1921, Page-6
 The Elkhart Truth, Friday, May 06, 1921, Page-2
 Wakarusa Tribune Thursday, May 12, 1921 Page-1
 Wakarusa Tribune Thursday, December 15, 1921 Page-5
 The Elkhart Truth, Friday, December 09, 1921, Page-10
 The Elkhart Truth Thursday, January 28, 1922, Page-2
 Gospel Herald, Vol. XVI (41), January 10, 1924, p. 844, 845.
I was reminded of this wonderful family photograph this week after learning of the passing of Reta (Philp) Carrigan, a descendant of Benjamin Climenhaga, who was kind enough to share it with me. It is a family reunion of the descendants of Benjamin Climenhaga that occurred in 1932 at the home of his son Emerson Climenhaga.
Top row (L to R) — Olive Philp, Emily (Ruegg) Saylor w/son Robert, Dorothy (Philp) Main, Mildred Climenhaga, Marion Climenhaga w/dau Doris, Daniel Climenhaga w/son Arden, Dale Climenhaga, Ruth Carver w/dau Shirley, Lottie (Climenhaga) Asper w/dau Barbara, Catherine Climenhaga, Bert Climenhaga.
Middle Row (L to R) — Ernest Climenhaga w/son Lloyd, Emerson Climenhaga, Benjamin Climenhaga, Esther (Climenhaga) Philp, Claude Philp w/dau Patricia, Glen Climenhaga w/dau Shirley, John Emerson Ruegg w/son Lorne, Gladys Climenhaga.
Bottom Row (L to R) — Arthur Climenhaga, Emerson Climenhage*, Leona Carver, Helen Saylor, Evelyn Carver, Mary Lou Asper, Alice Climenhaga, Paul Ruegg, Howard Ruegg, Rosena Carver.
In Henry Climenhagen’s will the name of his wife is given as “Barbary,” a common Germanic form of Barbara. But, if you look at any given genealogy source pertaining to the Climenhaga and Climenhage family trees, chances are you will find Catherine Damude named as the wife of Henry Climenhagen. This is a reasonable assertion given that some Damude family members did settle in Bertie and Thorold Townships. Yet, as argued below, there does not appear to be any evidence to support the assertion that Catherine was the wife of the Climenhag* patriarch. Even more striking, there is no clear evidence to indicate that she ever existed. In what follows I ask a series of questions and attempt to offer evidence to support my conclusion that Catherine Damude was not the wife of Henry Climenhagen.
What is claimed about Catherine Damude?
According to various genealogical sources, Catherine Damude is assumed to be a sister, or half-sister, of Henry, David, and Samuel Damude (also spelled Deamud, Deamude, Demuth, Damewood, etc.) who hailed from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. These brothers may have been born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, near to Rapho or Lampeter Townships. It is said that Catherine was born in Rapho Township, and that she and Henry Climenhagen were married in Baltimore, Maryland sometime before 1793. It is known that the couple later moved to Upper Canada with their two children.
What is known about the Damude brothers?
There are a number of written accounts of the Damude brother’s arrival in Upper Canada. Much of what we know about this Damude family comes from a detailed account by Anna Elizabeth Damude, granddaughter of Henry Damude, in her description of the arrival of the Damude family in Upper Canada as found in “a History of the Brethren in Christ Church” by Asa W. Climenhaga (Anna was Asa’s cousin twice removed):
“Henry Damude and his two half brothers, Samuel and David, came from Pennsylvania the same year, and went back and then came in again the next year, bringing with them another span of horses. Some of their horses died with Yellow Malaria from lack of hay. Anna Winger came the same year that Henry Damude came to stay. In her party there were her sister, Mrs. Sider and husband, and her brother, Hounsley Winger, and a large number of neighbors. They were United Empire Loyalists. Although they were Tunkards, they were loyal in spirit to their Sovereign, and though they could not fight, they would not live under the United States flag. Henry Damude came from Bucks County, Pennsylvania; Anna
Winger came from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania…The sister, Mrs. Sider, was married, as was also Hans Winger, before going to Canada.”
The Damudes came to Upper Canada about the same time as the arrival of the Winger/Wenger party which included the Tunker minister Hans (John) Wenger, his wife Mary Eishelmann, and his children, his sister Anna Wenger, Jacob and Mary (Wenger) Seider and family, and the John Groh/Crow family, amongst others.
“With them, the family brought two cows, a yoke of oxen, seeds and the materials necessary for a garden.”
“They arrived at their new home the year before the great famine, and there was no time to store up a food supply. As well, winter’s cold snows overtook them before they could finish their log cabin. [The Damude brothers] made a dugout in the side of the hill and with logs felled over the entrance, there were warm quarters for themselves, as well as quarters for the horses and cattle.” 
“After the hurricane about two years, when burning off the pine brush on the fallow, the fire got beyond control and burned up everything. This discouraged them so that they concluded to go back to Pennsylvania, but they took another notion when they got to Black Creek, as they liked the soil there. They decided to settle on a farm by the Black Creek a few miles from the river.” 
More information about Henry Damude can be gleaned from other sources regarding the Damude brothers:
“…Henry Damude settled on Lots 153 and 154 in Thorold Township, while his brother David settled in Lowbanks on Lake Erie, where many of his descendants still live today.” 
“…[Henry Damude] was a weaver by trade, but after coming to Canada he only worked at weaving during the winter season, his time being fully occupied the remaining months of the year. The first grist mill…was situated at Niagara Falls, a distance of twelve miles from his home. [Henry] used to take a bag of wheat on his back and carry it to this mill…” 
Is Catherine Damude a sister to the Damude brothers?
Based on the written descriptions of the arrival of the Damude brothers, and in Anna Elizabeth Damude’s account in particular, there is no mention of a sister. Anna Elizabeth names the three Damude brothers and describes their journey to America. She also gives their family history originating in Switzerland and an account of the religious persecution that prompted her family to leave the old world. However, although no records have been found to link Catherine with the Damude brothers, this does not mean that she was not their sister.
Is there a Damude-Climenhag* family connection?
The Damude family is related to one branch of the Climenhag* family through marriage—that being through Henry Climenhagen’s eldest son Martin. Reverend Martin Climenhaga (1794–1876) was married about 1815 to Elizabeth Damude, the daughter of Henry Damude and Anna Winger (1790–1853), and had four children by this union: Moses, Anna, David, and Martin, Jr. After the death of Henry Climenhagen in 1805, David Deamud may have been influential in helping to raise Henry’s son Martin Climenhaga. It is speculated that David Climenhaga, second son of Martin and Elizabeth (Damude) Climenhaga, may have been the namesake of David Deamud.
Were Henry and Catherine married in Baltimore?
The short answer is probably not. No documents have been found that name the exact year, or place of marriage for Henry Climenhagen and wife. So, why do some sources claim that the couple were married in Maryland? This is where things get a bit tricky. It all comes down to competing theories as to who exactly Henry Climenhagen was. It is commonly agreed that the Climenhag* patriarch was named Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen, and that he hailed from a small village in Waldeck Germany named Ober-Waroldern. Several decades ago a classified ad was discovered dated April of 1789 in which a William Kleimenhagen, who had just arrived in Baltimore Maryland, was searching for his brother John Henry Kleimenhagen who was believed to be living in Baltimore. William soon left the area to live with a farmer in Martic Township, Pennsylvania.
As the Climenhag* patriarch’s name was already known, based on several Upper Canada documents, as Henrich Kleimenhagen, John Henry Kleimenhagen was assumed to be the same Henrich Kleimenhagen who had removed to Upper Canada. Since, from the advertisement, John Henry was assumed to be living in Baltimore, it was an easy assertion that he was also married there. At the time it was not yet known that William Kleimenhagen’s full name was Johann Henrich Wilhelm Kleimenhagen.
It is now believed, by some, that Johann Henrich Wilhelm Kleimenhagen is the real Climenhag* patriarch. As this Henrich Kleimenhagen arrived in 1789 and indentured with a farmer in Martic Township, Lancaster County, PA for three years (An assumption based on family folklore and typical Pennsylvania contracts of indenture at that time), he would more likely have been married in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, rather than in Maryland.
If you subscribe to the first theory then the story has some merit. John Henry met Catherine Damude before her brothers relocated to Upper Canada in 1788. It makes sense therefore that Henry and wife chose to live, at least for a time, in Maryland, and later Pennsylvania (as eldest child Anna was born there), before immigrating to Upper Canada in 1797. But, if you instead subscribe to the second theory, the dates and places do no align. First, if the couple were married it is most likely that they were wed in Pennsylvania, having never lived in Maryland. More importantly, as the Damude brothers were settled in Upper Canada in 1788, and Henry Climenhagen arrived in the new world in 1789, it seems more probable that Catherine would have gone with her family and neighbours to Upper Canada the year before Henry’s arrival.
Was Catherine Damude the wife of Henry Climenhagen?
First, as already stated, Henry’s wife is named in his will as “Barbary.” Some have suggested that “Barbary” may have been the middle name of Catherine Damude. As Henry’s will is the only source to name his wife this suggestion can neither be confirmed or denied.
However, other connections, or rather, a lack thereof, call any relationship between Catherine and Henry Climenhagen into question. For instance, an old hand written genealogy by David Climenhaga (1826–1913), a grandson of Henry Climenhagen, and son of Martin Climenhaga and Elizabeth Damude, names his grandparents on his mother’s side as Henry and Anna Damude. Yet, he makes no mention of his grandparents on his father’s side. This suggests that he knew very little about the identity of his Climenhag* grandparents. Putting aside the fact that Catherine Damude is said to be the sister to Henry Damude (which would make Martin Climenhaga and his wife Elizabeth first cousins), if David Climenhaga’s grandmother was a Damude it seems probable that this information would be common knowledge within David’s family. This is especially true since David personally knew his grandfather Henry Damude, and surely would have known that his Damude grandfather and Climenhagen grandmother were siblings. In a letter he wrote to his grandchildren David writes:
“Now I will try to tell the way we went to go to grandpaps. We would try to get ready the day before, then all get in the poor wagon, put in some straw or hay, the hay was always scarce, for there was not much clear land. The cows would run in the bush. We had to go to the Black Creek to Niagara River, then along the river to Chipawa, then down to Niagara Falls, then down to the Lundy’s Lane, then west to Allanburgh, then across the canal on a poor bridge, then up on the Canbory road tilr we could perty nere see grandpaps’ place. Then we would feel glad that we were perty soon there. They had an old house down the big hill that was some 80 feet down. There was grandma and aunts. Their first children were all most girls. The four oldest were girls. The house was small and poor, but we were satisfied just as we that she would include information ell as now. But poor grandma was an invalid. She had to work hard to make things go. She had a sore on the side that she could not get around, but there the girls could get to the work.” 
Another clue is that although Asa Climenhaga and Anna Elizabeth Damude were first cousins twice removed (i.e., Elizabeth (Damude) Climenhaga, David Climenhaga’s mother, and Anna Elizabeth’s father David Damude were both children of Henry and Anna (Wenger) Damude), Anna Elizabeth never mentioned a great aunt named Catherine. Being aware of Asa’s relationship to the Damude family it seem likely that Anna Elizabeth would include this information to him in her family history. As Anna Elizabeth was able to provide a very rich and detailed account of the Damude’s arrival in the new world, as well as the goings-on in the old world and accounts of religious persecutions her ancestors endured, it seems even more likely she would add her great aunt’s information to the story. It may be however that the information was not pertinent to the point Asa was making in his book about Anabaptist history. However, even if Asa chose not to include that information in his book he had a genuine interest in family history and would have surely passed down this vital information to his nieces and nephews. Yet, in all his writings about the family history the Christian name of the Climenhag* family matriarch is never mentioned.
What can we conclude about Catherine Damude?
Based on extensive record searches over an approximate 30 year span (my own and other researchers), no evidence has been discovered of a Catherine Damude living in Bertie Township, Upper Canada, or in Lancaster or Buck’s counties in Pennsylvania, during this time period. In fact, another family researcher, David C. Climenhage, looked extensively for late 18th and early 19th century records for Catherine Damude. Although he personally visited the Lancaster and Bucks counties archives he found no evidence pertaining to Catherine Damude.
However, we must err on the side of caution. Simply because no records have been found for Catherine Damude does not mean that she did not exist. Still, the lack of evidence is puzzling. Furthermore, the story of Catherine Damude appears to have been built up over time with one piece added here and another piece added there. As Sherlock Holmes was fond of saying, “‘It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts.” To me, it appears that some mistakes were made early on as to the identification of the Climenhag* matriarch. And, rather than reinterpret the data in light of the facts, or lack thereof, facts were twisted to suit the theory.
At present, I am inclined to believe that this particular Catherine Damude, as named above, never existed. But, if new evidence does present itself that clearly implicates a Damude (sister or otherwise) as the Climenhag* matriarch I will readily incorporate that information into the Climenhag* family narrative. As yet, I have seen none.
Updated 3 Apr 2015
- Estate file for Henry Climenhagen, probated June 7, 1805, Lincoln County Surrogate Court estate files, RG 22-A35, Microfilm MS 8408, Archives of Ontario. [In his will Henry states, “…I give and bequeath unto Barbery my beloved wife all my lands that I now possess and all my movables goods and chattels as long as she remains my wife…”](↵)
- On 27 Feb 1815 Henry Damewood affirmed before Amos Chapman J. P. that his brother Samuel Damewood left this Province four and twenty years ago and to the best of his knowledge is residing in Maryland in the United States of America and that he has not left any children in this country. Signed Henry Damwood. (Thorold Township Papers 0396)(↵)
- Climenhaga, Asa Winger. History of the Brethren in Christ Church. Nappanee, IN. E.V. Publishing House, pp. 93–94.(↵)
- Nigh, Harold. The lost tribes of the Niagara plain folk. Mennonite Historical Society of Ontario, Vol. 4, 1986. (↵)
- Betti, M. Township of Thorold, 1793–1967 : Centennial project of the Township of Thorold. Toronto, ON: Armath Associates, 1967, p. 160–164.(↵)
- Climenhaga, Asa. History of the Brethren in Christ Church.(↵)
- On 2 Jan 1795 Henry Damwood aged 32, born in Pennsylvania, weaver appeared before John Small and took the prescribed oaths and was recommended for a grant of two hundred acres of land. On the same date Acting Surveyor General D. W. Smith assigned to him two hundred acres in Lots 153 and 154 Thorold Twp. (Thorold Township Papers 0359)(↵)
- Biographical Sketches section of the History of Welland County Ontario. Welland, ON: Welland Tribune Printing House, 1887.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 27. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. [John Deamud, son of David, died 13 June 1881 at the age of 77 years. On his death notice his place of birth is named as “Bertie township Ont.” As his age indicates he was born abt 1804].(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 21. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. [David Junior, son of David Deamud, died in Sherbrook 12 July 1879 at the age of 72. His place of birth is named as Bertie, Ontario. He would have been born abt 1807.(↵)
- William Kleimenhagen Ad/Classified, Maryland Journal, 10 Apr 1789, , News; digital images, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com: 30 March 2012), citing original.(↵)
- Sider, Harold & Sider, Ron. Two hundred years with the Siders. Erin, ON. Boston Mills Press, 1986, pp. 29–30.(↵)
- Conon Doyle, Arthur. A scandal in Bohemia. The Strand Magazine, 1891.(↵)
Henrich Kleimenhagen had five children. His fourth child and third son, Abraham, was born 13 August 1800 at Bertie Township, Lincoln County, Ontario. He was probably the namesake of Abraham Beam, a friend of his father’s, who had died the previous year. In March of 1825, Abraham (Climenhegg) inherited part of his father’s estate being Lot 13, Concession 9 in Bertie Township, just east of his brother Martin Climenhaga’s farm. That same year he married Mary Ann Zimmerman, 22 November 1825, at Stamford Township. The couple had four children, namely Nathaniel, Susannah, Abraham, and Mary before Abraham Sr. died 16 December 1835. Because Abraham died so young we know very little about him.
Thanks to the Niagara branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society we now know a little more about this man. The OGS of Niagara has made available a ledger from a general store that did business in Chippewa, Ontario with records from 1815, 1835, and 1850. An account for Abraham is found in this ledger and lists items he purchased beginning in January of 1835 until his death. The items are transcribed below.
|1835||Abraham Climenhaga||Cr||& Dr|
|Jany 5th||To 2˶14˶ 8¼ & By 2˶17˶6||2˶17˶6||2||14||8¼|
|May 27||To Weight of his Butter Keg||14lb 7½||˶||8||9|
|By cash in full||5˶11½|
|To 3¾ yards Bombazette||1/7||“||5||11¼|
|“ a Ball Cotton thread||“||“||0½|
|July 1||“ ¼ lb Young Hyson Tea||51||“||1||3|
|“ a Grass Scythe||“||5||“|
|13||“ ½ pound Indigo||7/6||“||3||9|
|“ 1 Yard Brown Cotton||“||7½|
|17||“ a paper Pins||“||9|
|August 1||“ a hair Combe||“||5|
|“ ½ Pound Young Hyson Tea||51||“||2||6|
|“ ¾ Yard Apron Cloth (?)||1/3||“||11¼|
|“ a Cotton Handkf||“||1||7|
|“ ½ Pound Indigo||7/6||“||3||9|
|By a Keg Butter Grass||83 lb||1||6||6½|
|Keg Weighs||14 lb|
|For Accnt||69 lb7¼||2˶3˶1½||“||16||7|
|To Cash in Full||16/7|
|1836||Widow Mary Climenhaga do||2˶3˶1½||2||3||1½|
A number of items stand out in the list and may suggest that Abraham was a weaver. For example, Abraham purchased a number of yards of “bombazette,” which is a thin woollen type of cloth, plain or twilled, that came in various colours.  He also purchased another type of cloth, as well as balls of cotton thread. Accompanying these purchases were pins, believed to hold material in place, and indigo, a naturally occurring blue dye made from plants. I am not very familiar with weaving practices at the turn of the 19th century. Perhaps the amount of material purchased wasn’t sufficient for a weaving trade? More research is needed to answer this question.
Some simple household items are also found in the ledger such as a hair comb, and a handkerchief. Other items give us some insight into his family’s simple diet, such as butter and green tea. Young Hyson tea was grown in China and was considered a high quality green tea. It was apparently golden in color, and had a full-bodied, pungent taste.
The purchase of a grass scythe suggests that he was able bodied at the time of purchase in July of 1835. Abraham’s final purchase was in August of that year. It is difficult to know if this was a typical slow down of work during the Fall season, or if it signified a growing illness, and perhaps an inability to work. Like his father, and his grandfather before, Abraham died a relatively young man. In December of 1835 he was buried near to his father in Winger cemetery (present Black Creek Pioneer cemetery). Although the “Climenhegg” spelling no longer survives, his many descendants endure to this day.
- Denise d’Etremont & William Stevens. A genealogical reference for the monument inscription of Black Creek Pioneer Cemetery OGS #4622. Ontario Genealogical Society, 1989 [Calculated from grave marker: 35 y’s 4 mo 3d](↵)
- On 12 March 1825 (Reg 24 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Moses Climenhagen, Henry Climenhagen, Anna Sider wife of John Cider sons & daughter of Henry Climenhagen deceased sold to Abraham Climenhagen 100 acres in Lot No 13 Concession 9 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for 5 shillings (A295 #6629).(↵)
- Ontario History (Vol. 5–8). Krause Reprint Co., 1904, p. 206.(↵)
- d’Etremont, A genealogical reference, 1989. (↵)
- Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary. C. & G. Merriam Co., 1913.(↵)
- Rosen, Diana. Teas of yore: Bohea, Hyson and Congou, nd.(↵)
I don’t recall exactly when my father passed down my great-great-grandfather’s pocket watch to me. It must’ve been in my early twenties. At the time I didn’t really understand the watch’s true value or importance. It was just a neat old watch. Although passing down a timepiece within a family may seem cliché, the symbolism is rather fitting. For each of us our time here is limited. With each successive generation time begins and ends. Yet, the watch itself stretches time—across generations—and, in so doing, creates a palpable sense of connection to the past.
The pocket watch, pictured above, was purchased by Christian Climenhage in 1902. It’s not worth a lot, at least not in terms of monetary value. It’s a middle of the road, well used, Waltham pocket watch—a workman’s watch. But there’s a lot more than that to this timepiece. I am reminded of a quote from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Dr. Watson who, in restating the opinion of his friend Holmes, says that “it is difficult for a man to have any object in daily use without leaving the impress of his individuality upon it.” This watch is no exception. What can it tell us about the man who owned it? Well, perhaps that kind of inference is best left to Sherlock Holmes. What this watch really does is to help tell the story of my great-great grandfather simply through it’s accompaniment with him during the last 25 years of his life.
Up to and Including 1902: The end of an era
Christian, or Chris as he was known, was 49 years old when he purchased his new watch. He was born October 3rd, 1853 at Bertie Township, just east of Stevensville, Ontario. Being the 3rd son and 4th child of Moses Climenhage and Fannie Sider, Chris grew up in a log house situated on farmland handed down from his great-grandfather Henry, through his grandfather Martin, to his father. This land, located on the east side of Lot 13, Concession 10, is bordered by Black Creek, Eagle street, Sider road, and College road. Today this land is part of the International Country Club of Niagara.
The beginning of the twentieth century marked the dawn of a new age. Thus far Chris had spent the entirety of his life living in the Victorian era. Chris had witnessed the invention of the telephone, the incandescent light bulb, the modern-day bicycle, and the automobile, to name a few, as well as the birth of Canada in 1867. By 1901, with the death of the Queen, it was a new world.
Up to now, Chris had been married 28 years and most of his children were grown. He was wed at the age of 21 on July 6, 1874 at Drummondville, Stamford Township, Welland County, Ontario (a part of Niagara Falls today), to Margaret “Maggie” Beam who was the daughter of Solomon Beam and Mary Ann Taylor. The wedding was a double ceremony that included Maggie’s younger sister Georgiana Beam and James Frank Dunn. Chris and Maggie had six children—Ivora Eben (1875), Levi Solomon (1877), Charles Edwin (1881), Albert Roy (1885), Robert Arthur (1886), and Ettie May (1888).
It was in 1902 that the first of Chris’ children—son Levi, my great grandfather—was married. “Lee” and wife Jennie (Huffman) later moved to Port Colborne, Ontario where Lee worked as a carpenter and a house builder.
Brass bands had become increasingly popular in the 19th century, and Chris reportedly played the cornet—a brass instrument similar to a trumpet—in a local military band. Interestingly, Chris’ brother-in-law J.F. Dunn, who was a bandmaster with the military band, and several brass and silver bands in the area, probably had a significant influence on Chris first taking up the instrument. Since then, each successive generation in my family has played a musical instrument.
Chris was a carpenter by trade beginning at least as far back as 1874. It’s not clear how Chris first took up his craft but his uncle David Climenhaga was also an avid carpenter and enjoyed making furniture, toys, stirring ladles, and the like.
From about 1875 until the late 1890s Chris and his family lived and worked on Lot 11, Concession 11 in downtown Stevensville, in the vicinity of East Main and Stevensville Road. This location lay just south of the first United Brethren Church of which Chris and his family were members. This location is where Chris first began his “furniture and undertaking” business.
It was there that Chris’ son Robbie died on Christmas Eve in 1887 and was buried in the United Brethren cemetery (aka Beams Mill) located on the original UB Church property.
By 1902, Chris was residing with his family at 3801 West Main Street in Stevensville located on the corner of West Main and Coral Avenue (see photo below). Chris was a well-known funeral director in Stevensville, and from this location he carried on his prosperous undertaking business.
Although carpentry and undertaking do not, on the surface, seem compatible, the marriage of these two trades was common throughout the 19th century. While preparing a body for burial was ordinarily left to the family of the deceased, as the 19th century progressed family members often sought out someone else to “undertake” the funeral arrangements. Carpenters, particularly cabinet or furniture makers, were often called upon to build a sturdy casket for the deceased. Undertaking became a natural extension of the carpentry business. Until the twentieth century, undertaking was often a secondary rather than a primary profession. This change is reflected for the first time in the 1901 census records wherein Chris characterizes his occupation as “undertaker” rather than as “carpenter” as in the previous census records.
It isn’t clear exactly when Chris began his funerary business. Although the official Climenhage funeral home records begin in 1887 we know that Chris was providing funeral services as early as 1885 with his purchase of a new horse-drawn hearse that same year from a carriage maker in Rochester, New York. However, Chris was presumably providing these services much earlier than that. Since the end of the American Civil war arterial embalming became a popular method for preserving a body for open-casket viewing. Early on Chris received training in embalming, and was said to own a portable embalming table that he would take to the house of the deceased.
1904 to 1912: Troubling Times
In his early 50s, Chris was active in community affairs, serving as Reeve of Bertie Township in 1904. That same year saw the construction of the second United Brethren Church in Stevensville, which was located on West Main street across from the Climenhage funeral home. Chris filled a number of official positions as a member of the quarterly conference of the Niagara Circuit.
Chris’ parents, Moses and Fannie, were some of the early converts to Episcopal Methodism in Bertie Township, and they followed this faith until Chris was grown. Although his parents returned to the Tunker Church of their youth, Chris carried on in the Methodist tradition and joined the United Brethren Church some time before 1874. In 1889, a church schism occurred breaking the UB Church into two rival factions—the Liberals, which were made up of younger men, and the Conservatives (also called Radicals) which were made up of older, more respected ministers. Following the split, the main body now encompassing the Liberal faction expelled the “Radical” ministers, assigned their own men to all the fields, and locked the doors on many churches. In Stevensville, the Conservatives made up the entire congregation, and so they refused to turn over the church property to the Liberals. 
Chris became involved in a legal battle over the use of the original UB Church building in Stevensville, as he’d been appointed as co-trustee of the church property. The legal case of Brewster v. Hendershot (1900), which ruled in favour of the Liberals, laid the matter to rest. The Conservatives turned over the church building. Suddenly an entire town congregation found itself without a church, or a meeting place.
In 1904, a new UB Church was built. According to Chris’ obituary he was “converted in 1904 and was baptized and united with the United Brethren Church in the following year.” The church schism created a seemingly strange and unusual situation for Chris and his Conservative faction. Although Chris had been a member of the UB Church for at least 30 years, this “new” church, which contained the same articles of faith as the “old” UB Church was now legally a new entity. As a result, Chris, and presumably the entire Conservative congregation, was re-baptized.
The years that followed would test Chris’ faith. In 1905 his 16-year-old daughter Ettie was struck down by tuberculosis. The following year his eldest son Ivora was also taken by the disease. Chris was overcome with grief. Even for an undertaker who is continually surrounded by death the loss must have been devastating. It’s difficult to even imagine what he must’ve gone through.
But brighter times lay ahead with the weddings of his sons Charlie in 1910 to Ethel Stoner, and Bert in 1912 to Edna Dean. But again tragedy struck October 3, 1912, when wife Maggie died from an acute attack of goitre. Although the 20th century ushered in a new world, for Chris, this new era had brought with it many sorrows.
1913 to 1927: To the close
Following Maggie’s death, Chris remarried on May 3, 1916 at Berlin (Kitchener), Waterloo, Ontario, a widow named Pamillia Isabella “Millie” Baer. The two met through the UB Church. Millie, the daughter of Aaron Baer and Barbara Martin, was born January 23, 1861 at New Dundee, Wilmot Township, Waterloo County, Ontario. She was previously married to Joel Wanner who died from apoplexy one year after they were married.
That same year, Chris’ older brother Jacob became quite ill. A number of years prior Chris had purchased what remained of his father’s land from his older brother and his younger sister Annie for $1000, and then granted the land to them in 1915 for the rest of their natural lives. When Jacob got sick, both he and sister Annie were shipped off to the Welland Industrial Home. Jacob and Annie gave a quit claim on the land allowing Chris to grant it to Aaron Morningstar. The reason the land was granted to Aaron isn’t quite clear. In November of 1917 Chris’ older brother George died suddenly, and the following month Jacob’s illness finally took him.
Despite these personal losses, the funeral home was flourishing and in 1919 Chris bought a new REO Speedwagon chassis and hired Jesse Finch, a local carriage maker (Finch Carriage Co.), to construct the hearse coachwork (see photo above). The 1885 horse-drawn hearse was put into storage in son Bert Climenhage’s barn, and remained there for 70 years. In 1988 the hearse was sold to Larry Williams of William’s Funeral Home in Ridgeway, Ontario, and restored in 1991. Since then, it has been used for funerals around Ontario and in New York State. Larry Williams also found and restored the REO Speedwagon hearse.
By 1926 Chris’ health began to fail, and he turned the operation of the funeral home over to his son Bert. In 1927, on October 3rd—the same day that wife Maggie passed away—Chris died from uraemia (renal failure) and pneumonia. The funeral service was conducted by the Dell Funeral Home in Ridgeway, and Chris was laid to rest in St. John’s Anglican Church cemetery with his wife Maggie and his children who had predeceased him. Millie died November 27, 1949 at Stevensville, some 20 years after Chris’ passing.
Sitting here now, holding my great-great grandfather’s pocket watch and reflecting on his life, I can’t help but think of all the death he was exposed to. He was immersed in it. And yet, his experience as an undertaker couldn’t have prepared him for the loss of Maggie and his three children. Still, it must have been an amazing time to be alive. It was an age of immense progress. Everything was new and exciting. It was an era that saw rapid changes and Chris appears to have adapted well.
Over one-hundred years have passed since the purchase of this family heirloom, and I feel very privileged to possess this small piece of my family’s history. True. It’s just a middle of the road, well used, Waltham pocket watch—but it tells the story, in its own way, of my great-great grandfather’s life. It connects me to the past. I cherish this artifact, but I also look forward to the day when I will pass this timepiece down to my own son. And, at that moment, time will stretch a little further.
- The National Association of Watch & Clock Collectors, Waltham serial numbers. Found online at http://www.nawcc-info.org/WalthamDB/walsernum.htm.(↵)
- Conan Doyle, Arthur. The Sign of Four. London, Spencer Blackett, 1890.(↵)
- The Christian Conservator, 26 October 1927, p. 15.(↵)
- Library and Archives Canada; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Census Returns For 1861; Roll: C-1080. Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1861 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009.(↵)
- Estate file for Henry Climenhagen, probated June 7, 1805, Lincoln County Surrogate Court estate files, RG 22-A35, Microfilm MS 8408, Archives of Ontario; On 4 Nov 1864 (Reg 3 Nov 1876) a last will and testament was filed for Martin Climenhage bequeathing to Moses Climenhage the east part of Lot 13 Concession 10 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. (A4 #2842).(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_16; Reel: 16. Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_109; Reel: 109. Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.(↵)
- Herbert, Trevor. The British brass band: A musical and social history. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000.(↵)
- David Climenhage, Orono, Ontario, Email message to author, 17 August 2013 [This message states that Christian played the cornet and that David owns the last cornet Chris played. He also states that his uncle Cliff Climenhage told him Chris played with the local militia band.](↵)
- Gleanings in Bee Culture, Vol. LXVII Medina, Ohio, A. I. Root Co., 1939. [“He joined the 44th Lincoln and Welland Regiment, as bandsman about 1880, and was bandmaster about 1885. Later he organized and taught the Ridgeway Silver Cornet Band, and found time to teach two other bands in another town.”](↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_16; Reel: 16. (↵)
- Climenhaga, Asa Winger. Later family links. Address given on the occasion of his father’s 90th birthday, 1940.(↵)
- Year: 1881; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Roll: C_13253; Page: 53; Family No: 264. Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1881 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009.; Year: 1891; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Roll: T-6375; Family No: 155. Ancestry.com. 1891 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008.(↵)
- Robert Arthur Climenhage grave marker. Found online at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=114684151. (↵)
- Year: 1901; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 4; Family No: 37. Ancestry.com. 1901 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.(↵)
- Beal, Eileen. Funeral homes and funeral practices: The encyclopedia of Cleveland history, 2001. Found online at http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=FHAFP. (↵)
- Year: 1901; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 4; Family No: 37. Ancestry.com. 1901 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.(↵)
- Climenhage Funeral Home records, Fort Erie Museum, Ridgeway, Ontario.(↵)
- Larry Williams, personal communication, 27 July 2014. (↵)
- This refers to a lost reference regarding a funeral in the late 1870s/early 1880s in which Chris and brother Andrew Climenhage charged a fee for grave digging. (↵)
- Beal, Eileen, 2001.(↵)
- David Climenhage, personal communication, 2009.(↵)
- Many voices II: A collective history of greater Fort Erie. Fort Erie Museum Board, 2004, p. 267.(↵)
- Photo 1 shows the second UB church in Stevensville with ‘1904’ stamped on the building; Photo 2 shows the approximate location of the UB church on West Main street in Stevensville.(↵)
- The Christian Conservator, 18 January 1928, p. 15.(↵)
- Library and Archives Canada; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Census Returns For 1861; Roll: C-1080. (↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_16; Reel: 16.(↵)
- Origin and history of the United Brethren Church in Christ. Found online at http://www.ubcanada.org/ub-church-history.html.(↵)
- Brewster v. Hendershot  O.J. No. 25 at para. 17.(↵)
- Brewster v. Hendershot  O.J. No. 25 at para. 13.(↵)
- The Christian Conservator, 26 October 1927, p. 15.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 123. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 128. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_151; Reel: 151. Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_230; Reel: 230. Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 181. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_400; Reel: 400. Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.(↵)
- Year: 1901; Census Place: Berlin (Town/Ville), Waterloo (north/nord), Ontario; Page: 17; Family No: 170. Ancestry.com. 1901 Census of Canada [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_325; Reel: 325. Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801–1928 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.; Archives of Ontario; Series: S935; Reel: 214. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 236. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.(↵)
- On 29 Jan 1910 (Reg 7 Feb 1910) Jacob and Annie Climenhage sold to Christian Climenhage 25 acres in the south 1/2 of Lot 13 Concession 10 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for $1000. (A18 #14045); On 30 Mar 1915 (Reg 28 May 1915) Christian Climenhage granted to Jacob and Annie Climenhage for their natural lives 25 acres in the south 1/2 of Lot 13 Concession 10 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for $1. (A21 #17077).(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 236.; Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 354. (↵)
- On 1 Nov 1916 (Reg 30 Nov 1916) Christian Climenhage & wife granted to Aaron Morningstar 25 acres in the south 1/2 of Lot 13 Concession 10 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for $2 + more (A22 # 17744).(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 236.(↵)
- Larry Williams, personal communication, 27 July 2014. (↵)
- Williams Funeral Home. Found online at http://www.williamsfuneralhome.ca/adv_tunnel.php (link is dead).(↵)
- The Christian Conservator, 26 October 1927, p. 15.(↵)
- Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 354. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.(↵)
- Niagara Falls Evening Review, 28 November 1949, p.6.(↵)
A number of years ago while looking through records held by the Ridgeway Museum I came upon a photocopy of an address given by Asa W. Climenhaga on the occasion of his father’s ninetieth birthday celebration. In it he describes, in brief, the characteristics of his brothers and sisters, and his many nieces and nephews. As the majority of these folks have passed on, this is now an important family document. As Asa had a great interest in the Climenhaga family history I believe he would very much approve of it being reproduced and shared here. –James Climenhage
Ridgeway, March 9, 1940 – Peter M. Climenhaga, Stevensville, retired farmer, celebrated his 90th anniversary on March 7. He was born on the farm where he is now living, half a mile east of Stevensville, of pioneer stock retiring from active work about ten years ago. He is widely known, having been Foreign Missionary Treasurer for the Brethren in Christ denomination for many years, of which he has been a prominent member. He also served on the public school board.
In 1872 he married miss Anna Winger, who resided west of Stevensville, and who passed on some years ago. He now resides with his daughter, Mrs. Sarah Neff. Mr. Climenhaga was the father of six boys and three girls. Four of his sons are ministers, one a deacon and one a school teacher deceased. Asa, John, Abigail reside in Pennsylvania; Reuben, Laban, and Naaman live in the Canadian northwest, and Sarah resides near Stevensville. There are 39 grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren. A son Solomon and a daughter Ella are deceased. Mr. Climenhaga enjoys good physical health and has never suffered any serious illness.
Solomon is the oldest son. He was born April 16, 1874. He graduated from Norman School and taught in the public school system. [He married Elizabeth Sherk, who was born] at Fisherville, Ontario December 21, 1872. She is five feet two inches high and her average weight is one hundred and fifteen pounds. She is noted for being early to bed and early to rise. They had one son and one daughter. Naomi was born August 6, 1904 at Stevensville, Ontario. She is five feet one inch with an average weight of one hundred and sixty pounds. Her motto is things done by half are never done right. Oscar is a little older than his sister Naomi. He is also slightly taller and slightly heavier. He is known for the statement “you know what I mean.” Naomi has remained single. Oscar is married and lives at Fort Erie. He is a customs officer on the Canadian side.
Reuben Sinclair is the second eldest of Peter Martin Climenhaga’s family. He is five feet eight inches tall with an average weight of one hundred and seventy pounds. He is a minister and is noted for saying “Look here.” He married Elizabeth Bert of Kansas. Elizabeth was born October 13, 1880 near Detroit, Kansas. She is about five feet five inches in height and an average weight of 160 lbs. Her characteristic is others first. To this union were born ten children. The following is a record of them made in 1938.
|NAME||DATE OF BIRTH||WEIGHT||HEIGHT||CHARACTERISTIC|
|Paul Harris||October 23, 1906||170||5’ 10”||Anxious to get things done|
|Alice Irene||February 10, 1908||160||5’ 6”||Good natured|
|Mabel Elizabeth||June 29, 1909||150||5’ 9”||Carefulness|
|Frances Anna||September 26, 1910||160||5’ 3”||Kind to others|
|Evan Peter||April 6, 1912||175||5’ 10”||Rather modest|
|Orville Samuel||November 27, 1913||159||5’ 8”||Quiet and steady|
|John Leroy||November 7, 1916||160||5’ 7”||Believes he can if he tries and tries|
|Miriam Ruth||June 16, 1918||136||5’ 5”||Quiet and fond of reading|
|Verna Evelyn||January 16, 1920||181||5’ 5”||Cheerful|
|Daniel Bert||July 24, 1921||117||5’ 2”||Enjoys stories and poetry|
Abbie was born December 22, 1879. She is five feet and three inches tall, with an average weight of 138 lbs. She is noted for her success as a home maker. She married Jesse E. Brechbill of Detroit, Kansas. He was born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania August 12, 1878. He is 5′ 6″ in height and his average weight is 138. He is noted for his ability as a business manager. To them were born six children, the youngest being twins with one dying in infancy.
|Helen Amanda||May 24, 1908|
|Ray||February 9, 1910||155||5′ 11″||Why worry?|
|Anna M.||May 19, 1917||118||5′ 3″||A true heart|
|Ruth Miriam||July 20, 1919||115||5′ 5″||I can|
Ella Ann was born September 30, 1882. She was a little taller than Abbie. She so much appreciated her parental home that she hesitated a long time before she consented to leave it. She married Carl Baker of Ontario and moved with him to a prairie farm in Northwest Canada. The transition from her childhood home to a home in the west was more than her tender life could stand. After a short period of married life she suddenly departed to be at rest with Him whom she loved and sincerely served from childhood.
John Arthur was born April 16, 1884. He is 5′ 7″ with an average weight of 170 lbs. He is a minister, missionary, and teacher. His chief characteristic is “Made clear by the words I know.” He married Emma Smith of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. She was born February 24, 1892. She is 5′ 5″ and weighs 175. One word, loyalty, best explains her characteristic. To them were born five children.
|Arthur Merlin||February 21, 1916||155||5′ 11″||Student|
|David Elbert||June 14, 1919||185||5′ 10″||Deliberate|
|Joel Ray||April 9, 1922||100||5′ 1″||Writer|
|Leoda Marie||February 14, 1931||-||-||Reader|
|Kathryn Anna||June 28, 1933||-||-||Mother’s helper|
Laban was born March 7, 1886. He is 5′ 10″ tall with an average height of 150 lbs. His life work consists of tilling the soil, rearing a family, and serving his church as deacon. He is noted for his desire to be punctual. He married Priscilla Bert of Detroit, Kansas. She was born July 24, 1887. She is five feet five inches tall with an average weight of one hundred and twenty six pounds. A faithful wife and mother describes her well. To this union were born eleven children.
|Ethel||March 17, 1912||130||5′ 6″||Sharing|
|Earl Richard||December 6, 1913||135||5′ 7″||That’s all right|
|Ruth Elizabeth||January 20, 1915||129||5′ 3″||Ability|
|Florence Mae||May 15, 1916||140||5′ 6″||On the square|
|Velma Irene||September 2, 1917||130||5′ 6″||Willing worker|
|Helen Marie||September 1, 1918||145||5′ 4″||Kind|
|Dorcas Doreen||February 20, 1921||125||5′ 5″||Loyalty|
|Samuel Bert||January 11, 1923||100||5′ 0″||Dependable|
|Ernest Charles||December 12, 1924||95||4′ 11″||Reader|
|Viola Rowena||April 14, 1927||66||4′ 5″||Spirited|
|Lois Catherine||January 22, 1931||36||3′ 9″||Affectionate|
Asa W. was born July 1, 1889. Height 5′ 10″ with an average weight of 170. Educator, minister, and author. He greatly appreciates the beautiful and is noted for being systematic. He married Anna Elizabeth Kipe. She was born July 13, 1896 at Waynesboro, Pennsylvania. She is 5′ 7″ with an average weight of one hundred and thirty. She is a scholar, teacher, homemaker. She is noted for being thorough in her work.
Sarah was born November 22, 1890. She is 5′ 5″ with an average weight of 130. She is an ideal Christian and a friend of youth. She married Edmund Neff of Stevensville, Ontario who was born June 2, 1869. He is 5′ 10″ with an average weight of 145. He is reserved but helpful.
Naaman was born March 14, 1893. He is about five feet ten inches tall with an average weight of about 170. He is a minister and tiller of the soil. He married Sallie Wenger of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. She was born December 21, 1897 and is about 5′ 4″ with an average weight of about one hundred and forty. She is a homemaker. To them were born six children.
|Anna Elizabeth||September 1923||-||99||Worker|
|Clarence Eugene||February 1926||-||92||Full of life|
|Eunice May||July 1927||-||86||Kindhearted|
|Merle Austin||January 1929||-||60||Likes horses|
|Marjorie Lillian||March 1932||-||33||Entertainer|
|Ferne Ruth||April 1934||-||31||Imitator|
Compiled by Asa W. Climenhaga, Messiah College, Grantham Pennsylvania, 17025
Also read Later Family Links by Asa W. CLIMENHAGA
In doing genealogical research, I sometimes come across a finding that gives me pause. This happened for me this week with Luetta Acker.
Luetta was a daughter of Susannah Climenhaga/e and Andrew Acker. On September 26th 1894—her twelfth birthday—she was wed to George Hiles who was 41 years old. Up until 1890 age of consent in Canada was 12 years old. After 1890 age of consent was raised to 14 although 12 year olds could still legally give consent if married.
Luetta Acker was born September 26th 1882 in Wainfleet, Welland County, Ontario. She was the 9th of 11 children born into a poor family. Her parents were of the Tunker faith and Ettie’s father Andrew worked as a day labourer to make ends meet. Tragically, Andrew died on June 13th 1889 at Wainfleet of dyspepsia (stomach troubles) leaving Susannah with many small children to feed.
Shortly thereafter Luetta went to live with her older sister Anna and husband George Hiles. George and Anna had a newborn baby named Stella May who was born July 7th 1889. Again tragedy struck when on August 31st 1893 Anna was hit and killed by an automobile. Stella, only 4-years-old, was now in need of a mother and her 11-year-old aunt Ettie fit the bill.
Although Luetta and George were married a year later in 1894, their first child Percy did not come along until late in 1901, which suggests that intimacy between the couple may have been non-existent until Ettie was in her late teens.
Although not unheard of, marriage at such a young age in the 1800s was uncommon as most women tended to marry in their mid to late teens. This situation seems to have been a marriage of necessity—a necessity for Ettie’s mother due to poverty and too many mouths to feed, and a necessity for George Hiles who needed a mother for his infant daughter.
- Some members of the family also went by Ecker.(↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS932_82.(↵)
- Ibid. [On her marriage registration she lied about her age saying she was 16](↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869–1934 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Deaths, 1869–1934. MS 935, 496 reels. Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Ontario O), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, Roll: MS935_295. [Although George’s age on the marriage registration is 30 years old (1864), his death registration indicates he was born abt 1853.](↵)
- MacKay Robin. “Bill C-22: An Act to Amend the Criminal Code (age of Protection) and to Make Consequential Amendments to the Criminal Records Act*.” Bill C-22: An Act to Amend the Criminal Code (age of Protection) and to Make Consequential Amendments to the Criminal Records Act (LS-550E). Accessed May 03, 2014. http://www.parl.gc.ca, 2007 (↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS929_57.(↵)
- Ecker, Levi. My life’s story: From drunken lime-kiln burner to gospel pulpit (n.p.), n.d.(↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869–1934 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Deaths, 1869–1934. MS 935, 496 reels. Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Ontario O), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS935_56.(↵)
- Ancestry.com, 1891 Census of Canada (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. .Original data — Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1891. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2009. http:/www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-18), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, T-6376_147.(↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS 929_96.(↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869–1934 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Deaths, 1869–1934. MS 935, 496 reels. Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Ontario O), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS935_69.(↵)
- Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online publication — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS929_156(↵)
I do not have a copy of this letter in my possession. This transcription was found in the book, “Two Hundred Years with the Siders,” (pp. 29–30). If anyone has a copy of this letter, or knows someone who does, would you please pass the information along to me.
“My dear grandchild, I now thought to let the young know how we started in this world when all was new and not as it is now. When l was a little boy I can well remember when all this country was new and the people were poor. When they had to do the best that they could. When not the improvement was as is now. You young ought being very thankful to the good Lord of Heaven that he let your foreparents have the insight to bring it as it is now at this present time. I can well remember how it was when I was a little boy, there were no buggies to be seen I do think in this country, or any other. I well know the first light rig that was around was old Samuel Streed. That was a pretty good rig for all to ride in, the roads were poor around stumps and stones and creek and mud holes, that it was almost impossible to get through. No wagonmakers, no blacksmiths, hardly any iron to put on the rigs. The people were poor and there was not any person that had a lumber wagon.”
[After describing construction of some of the primitive vehicles used, he tells of the trip to visit his Damude grandparents in the Pelham area.]
“Now I will try to tell the way we went to go to grandpaps. We would try to get ready the day before, then all get in the poor wagon, put in some straw or hay, the hay was always scarce, for there was not much clear land. The cows would run in the bush. We had to go to the Black Creek to Niagara River, then along the river to Chipawa, then down to Niagara Falls, then down to the Lundy’s Lane, then west to Allanburgh, then across the canal on a poor bridge, then up on the Canbory road tilr we could perty nere see grandpaps’ place. Then we would feel glad that we were perty soon there. They had an old house down the big hill that was some 80 feet down. There was grandma and aunts. Their first children were all most girls. The four oldest were girls. The house was small and poor, but we were satisfied just as well as now. But poor grandma was an invalid. She had to work hard to make things go. She had a sore on the side that she could not get around, but there the girls could get to the work.
But that is in the past, but we ought to be very thankful and not get up too high. Keep down very low at the feet of Jesus. If we read the great sin that the people did was to neglect the poor and take the advantage of them that can’t see how they should do to get along. It seems to me that it is a great blessing that we can see and try to be industry. I call it a gift of God, so try to help the poor and be honest in all that we do.”
MOSES GLIMANHAGA was the youngest child of Henry and Barbary Climenhagen. He was born in Bertie Twp., Welland Co., Ontario on 17 July 1802. When Moses was only three years old his father died—the will proven 7 June 1805. Moses was made an executor of his father’s will along with his mother Barbary, Christian Shoup, and Dr. Peter Hershe(y). It wasn’t until 1825 that Moses and his siblings received their share of their father’s lands which is speculated to mean that Henry’s wife Barbary either died or remarried at that time.
On 13 June 1828, Moses sold his share of his father’s estate—a 100 acre parcel in Willoughby Twp.—to Elizabeth Shoup for ₤32  Four months prior, on 2 February 1828, Moses had purchased 100 acres being the southern half of Lot 7, Con 3 in Whitchurch Twp., York Co. from David Stegman for $250. That same year Moses married CATHERINE SHANK on 29 April 1828 at Markham Twp., York Co., Ontario. Catherine, born 21 August 1809 at Markham Twp., was the eldest of thirteen children born to Michael Shank and Barbara Weideman/Wideman.
To Moses and Catherine were born eleven children: Barbara (1829), Abraham (1830), Adam (1832), Elizabeth (1833), Fanny (1835), Michael (1837), Anna (1839), Lydia (1842), Moses (1844), Henry (1849), and Catherine (1850). The same year that daughter Elizabeth was born, Moses purchased an additional 100 acres, 10 December 1833, being the northern half of Lot 7, Con 3 in Whitchurch Twp. from Alexander McDonell for $200.
On 24 March 1840 Moses sold his 200 acres of land in Whitechurch Twp. to George Thomas for $2000, but accepted a mortgage for $1600. That year Moses, along with his wife, children, Catherine’s parents, and some of her siblings, relocated to Greensburg Twp., Putnam County, Ohio. Here Moses purchased land north of the Blanchard River on 22 July 1840 from Isaac Fowler. This land—95 acres being the west half of section 68—was purchased for $1100, $300 of which Moses mortgaged. On 30 January 1844 11-year old Elizabeth died and was presumably buried in Greensburg Twp., in the Myers cemetery where her grandmother Barbara (Wideman) Shank is buried.
On 6 November 1848 Moses and Catherine deeded ¼ acre of this land to “Jonas Shank, Henry Shank, and John Eyer preachers and elders of the Mennonist Church” for three dollars for use by the Blanchard congregation. According to Umble (1931):
“The first building of hewn logs, was erected one-fourth mile east of the Perry township line in Greensburg township on an elevated, well-drained plot on the north side of the [Ottawa-Franconia] state road that winds along the north bank of the Blanchard River… After Moses Glimanhaga sold his land to Solomon Myers…the church came to be called Moyer’s (Myers) church. When the church was abandoned some years later, Solomon Myers wrecked the building and cleared the site.”
That same year Moses and his family moved to the more prosperous Elkhart Co., Indiana with the Shank family. On 2 October he purchased 80 acres in Harrison Twp., section 20, from John Hoover for $160. Moses later purchased an additional 53 acres in section 20 and 160 acres being in the sw ¼ of section 7 in Harrison Twp.. On 16 June 1851 Moses sold his Ohio farm to his brother-in-law, Solomon Myers, for one hundred dollars less than he paid for it.
Moses and Catherine would sadly live to see the deaths of three more of their children—sons Moses and Henry, who died 15 October 1851 (7 years old) and 5 November 1853 (5 years old) respectively, and son Michael who died in 1863 at age 25 during the American Civil War.
Moses Glimanhaga died 14 July 1875 at Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., Indiana from dropsy. Catherine (Shank) Glimanhaga died eight years later on 6 October 1883 at Harrison Twp. Both are laid to rest at Yellow Creek Mennonite Cemetery, Wakarusa in Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., Indiana 
Sometime after their deaths a court battle began over the ownership of the Glimanhaga farm that dragged out in the Indiana court system for three years—but that’s another story.
- Herald of Truth, Vol. XII, August 1875, p. 875(↵)
- Last will and testament of Henry Climenhagen, 7 June 1805, registered 15 December 1804, Lincoln County, Ontario. Lincoln County Surrogate Court estate files RG 22–235(↵)
- On 12 Mar 1825 (Reg 30 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Henry Climenhagen, Abraham Climenhagen, Anna wife of John Sider children of Henry Climenhagen Sr gave a quitclaim to Moses Climenhagen on 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp. for 5 shillings (A122 #6641)(↵)
- In the will of Henry Climenhagen, dated 14 December 1804, he states, “I give and bequeath unto Barbery my beloved wife all my lands that I now possess and all my movables goods and chattels as long as she remains my wife.” See endnote No. 3(↵)
- On 13 Jun 1828 (Reg 9 May 1829) Moses Climanhaga sold to Elizabeth Shoup 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp. for ₤32 (A156 #7614)(↵)
- On 2 Feb 1828 (Reg 7 Mar 1828) David Stegman sold to Moses Climanhawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3 (S ½), Whitechurch Twp. For $200 (B.&S. #6239). Also see Stamp, R.M. (nd). Early days in Richmond Hill: A history of the community until 1930(↵)
- Herald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), October 15, 1883, p. 317(↵)
- On 10 Dec 1833 (Reg 14 Jun 1834) Alexander McDonell sold to Moses Clayminhawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3 (N ½), Whitechurch Twp. For $200 (B.&S. #10825).(↵)
- On 24 Mar 1840 (Reg 25 Feb 1841) Moses Climinghawk et ux. sold to George Thomas 200 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3, Whitechurch Twp. for $2000 (B.&S. #18162).(↵)
- On 24 Mar 1840 (Reg 12 Jun 1840) George Thomas mortgaged to Moses Climinghawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3 (N ½), Whitechurch Twp. for $1600 (Mort. #17391).(↵)
- On 22 Jul 1840 Isaac Fowler sold to Moses Gleimenhagen 95 acres in ne fr w ½ in Greensburg Twp., Putnam Co., OH for $1100 (Vol 11 p. 383). Also see Umble, J. Early Mennonite Sunday schools of Notherwestern Ohio. The Mennonite Quartlerly Review, 100–111, 1931(↵)
- Rellinger, Orlo. Glimanhaga family record (births and deaths), 1874/2012. Found online at Ancestry.ca(↵)
- On 6 Nov 1848 Moses Gleimenhagen sold to Trustees of the Mennonist Church ¼ acre in ne fr w ½ in Greensburg Twp., Putnam Co., OH for $3 (Vol 2 p. 465).(↵)
- Umble, J. Early Mennonite Sunday schools of Notherwestern Ohio. The Mennonite Quartlerly Review, 1931, p. 107–108(↵)
- On 6 Oct 1848 John Hoover sold to Moses Glimanhaga 80 acres in w ½ ne ¼ sec 20 in Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., IN for $160 (Transfer BR1 p. 39).(↵)
- Geil, Samuel. Map of Elkhart Co., Indiana, 1861(↵)
- On 16 Jun 1851 Moses Gleimenhagen sold to Solomon Myres 94 ¾ acres in ne fr w ½ in Greensburg Twp., Putnam Co., OH for $1000 (Vol 4 p. 570). Also see Umble, J. Early Mennonite Sunday schools of Notherwestern Ohio. The Mennonite Quartlerly Review, 100–111, 1931(↵)
- Rellinger, Orlo. Glimanhaga family record (births and deaths), 1874/2012. Found online at Ancestry.ca(↵)
- Ancestry.com. U.S., Registers of Deaths of Volunteers, 1861–1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Registers of Deaths of Volunteers, compiled 1861–1865. ARC ID: 656639. Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780’s–1917. Record Group 94. National Archives at Washington, D.C.(↵)
- The Wakarusa Sun, 15 July 1875, p. 3; Herald of Truth, Vol. XII, August 1875, p. 875(↵)
- Herald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), October 15, 1883, p. 317(↵)