David CLIMENHAGA (1826–1913). Letter to his Grandchildren

I do not have a copy of this letter in my possession. This transcription was found in the book, “Two Hundred Years with the Siders,” (pp. 29–30). If anyone has a copy of this letter, or knows someone who does, would you please pass the information along to me.

David Climenhaga circa 1909
David Climenhaga circa 1909

“My dear grandchild, I now thought to let the young know how we started in this world when all was new and not as it is now. When l was a little boy I can well remember when all this country was new and the people were poor. When they had to do the best that they could. When not the improvement was as is now. You young ought being very thankful to the good Lord of Heaven that he let your foreparents have the insight to bring it as it is now at this present time. I can well remember how it was when I was a little boy, there were no buggies to be seen I do think in this country, or any other. I well know the first light rig that was around was old Samuel Streed. That was a pretty good rig for all to ride in, the roads were poor around stumps and stones and creek and mud holes, that it was almost impossible to get through. No wagonmakers, no blacksmiths, hardly any iron to put on the rigs. The people were poor and there was not any person that had a lumber wagon.”

[After describing construction of some of the primitive vehicles used, he tells of the trip to visit his Damude grandparents in the Pelham area.]
“Now I will try to tell the way we went to go to grandpaps. We would try to get ready the day before, then all get in the poor wagon, put in some straw or hay, the hay was always scarce, for there was not much clear land. The cows would run in the bush. We had to go to the Black Creek to Niagara River, then along the river to Chipawa, then down to Niagara Falls, then down to the Lundy’s Lane, then west to Allanburgh, then across the canal on a poor bridge, then up on the Canbory road tilr we could perty nere see grandpaps’ place. Then we would feel glad that we were perty soon there. They had an old house down the big hill that was some 80 feet down. There was grandma and aunts. Their first children were all most girls. The four oldest were girls. The house was small and poor, but we were satisfied just as well as now. But poor grandma was an invalid. She had to work hard to make things go. She had a sore on the side that she could not get around, but there the girls could get to the work.

But that is in the past, but we ought to be very thankful and not get up too high. Keep down very low at the feet of Jesus. If we read the great sin that the people did was to neglect the poor and take the advantage of them that can’t see how they should do to get along. It seems to me that it is a great blessing that we can see and try to be industry. I call it a gift of God, so try to help the poor and be honest in all that we do.”

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Moses GLIMANHAGA (1802—1875): Ontario, Ohio, and Indiana

Moses Glimanhaga Land Tracts in Ontario, Ohio, and Indiana
Moses Glimanhaga Land Tracts in Ontario, Ohio, and Indiana

MOSES GLIMANHAGA was the youngest child of Henry and Barbary Climenhagen. He was born in Bertie Twp., Welland Co., Ontario[1] on 17 July 1802.[2] When Moses was only three years old his father died—the will proven 7 June 1805. Moses was made an executor of his father’s will along with his mother Barbary, Christian Shoup, and Dr. Peter Hershe(y).[3] It wasn’t until 1825 that Moses and his siblings received their share of their father’s lands[4] which is speculated to mean that Henry’s wife Barbary either died or remarried at that time.[5]

On 13 June 1828, Moses sold his share of his father’s estate—a 100 acre parcel in Willoughby Twp.—to Elizabeth Shoup for ₤32 [6] Four months prior, on  2 February 1828, Moses had purchased 100 acres being the southern half of Lot 7, Con 3 in Whitchurch Twp., York Co. from David Stegman for $250.[7] That same year Moses married CATHERINE SHANK on 29 April 1828 at Markham Twp., York Co., Ontario.[8] Catherine, born 21 August 1809 at Markham Twp., was the eldest of thirteen children born to Michael Shank and Barbara Weideman/​Wideman.[9]

To Moses and Catherine were born eleven children:[10] Barbara (1829), Abraham (1830), Adam (1832), Elizabeth (1833), Fanny (1835), Michael (1837), Anna (1839), Lydia (1842), Moses (1844), Henry (1849), and Catherine (1850). The same year that daughter Elizabeth was born, Moses purchased an additional 100 acres, 10 December 1833, being the northern half of Lot 7, Con 3 in Whitchurch Twp. from Alexander McDonell for $200.[11]

On 24 March 1840 Moses sold his 200 acres of land in Whitechurch Twp. to George Thomas for $2000,[12] but accepted a mortgage for $1600.[13] That year Moses, along with his wife, children, Catherine’s parents, and some of her siblings, relocated to Greensburg Twp., Putnam County, Ohio. Here Moses purchased land north of the Blanchard River on 22 July 1840 from Isaac Fowler. This land—95 acres being the west half of section 68—was purchased for $1100, $300 of which Moses mortgaged.[14] On 30 January 1844 11-​​year old Elizabeth died[15] and was presumably buried in Greensburg Twp., in the Myers cemetery where her grandmother Barbara (Wideman) Shank is buried.

On 6 November 1848 Moses and Catherine deeded ¼ acre of this land to “Jonas Shank, Henry Shank, and John Eyer preachers and elders of the Mennonist Church” for three dollars for use by the Blanchard congregation.[16] According to Umble (1931):[17]

The first building of hewn logs, was erected one-​​fourth mile east of the Perry township line in Greensburg township on an elevated, well-​​drained plot on the north side of the [Ottawa-​​Franconia] state road that winds along the north bank of the Blanchard River… After Moses Glimanhaga sold his land to Solomon Myers…the church came to be called Moyer’s (Myers) church. When the church was abandoned some years later, Solomon Myers wrecked the building and cleared the site.”

That same year Moses and his family moved to the more prosperous Elkhart Co., Indiana with the Shank family. On 2 October he purchased 80 acres in Harrison Twp., section 20, from John Hoover for $160.[18] Moses later purchased an additional 53 acres in section 20 and 160 acres being in the sw ¼ of section 7 in Harrison Twp..[19] On 16 June 1851 Moses sold his Ohio farm to his brother-​​​​in-​​​​law, Solomon Myers, for one hundred dollars less than he paid for it.[20]

Moses Glimanhaga grave marker in Yellow Creek Cemetery. Photo by Patti Sommers, 2010.
Moses Glimanhaga grave marker in Yellow Creek Cemetery. Photo by Patti Sommers, 2010.

Moses and Catherine would sadly live to see the deaths of three more of their children—sons Moses and Henry, who died 15 October 1851[21] (7 years old) and 5 November 1853[22] (5 years old) respectively, and son Michael who died in 1863 at age 25 during the American Civil War.[23]

Moses Glimanhaga died 14 July 1875 at Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., Indiana from dropsy.[24] Catherine (Shank) Glimanhaga died eight years later on 6 October 1883 at Harrison Twp.[25] Both are laid to rest at Yellow Creek Mennonite Cemetery, Wakarusa in Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., Indiana [26]

Sometime after their deaths a court battle began over the ownership of the Glimanhaga farm that dragged out in the Indiana court system for three years—but that’s another story.

 

Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Herald of Truth, Vol. XII, August 1875, p. 875(↵)
  2. ibid(↵)
  3. Last will and testament of Henry Climenhagen, 7 June 1805, registered 15 December 1804, Lincoln County, Ontario. Lincoln County Surrogate Court estate files RG 22–235(↵)
  4. On 12 Mar 1825 (Reg 30 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Henry Climenhagen, Abraham Climenhagen, Anna wife of John Sider children of Henry Climenhagen Sr gave a quitclaim to Moses Climenhagen on 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp. for 5 shillings (A122 #6641)(↵)
  5. In the will of Henry Climenhagen, dated 14 December 1804, he states, “I give and bequeath unto Barbery my beloved wife all my lands that I now possess and all my movables goods and chattels as long as she remains my wife.” See endnote No. 3(↵)
  6. On 13 Jun 1828 (Reg 9 May 1829) Moses Climanhaga sold to Elizabeth Shoup 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp. for ₤32 (A156 #7614)(↵)
  7. On 2 Feb 1828 (Reg 7 Mar 1828) David Stegman sold to Moses Climanhawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3 (S ½), Whitechurch Twp. For $200 (B.&S. #6239). Also see Stamp, R.M. (nd). Early days in Richmond Hill: A history of the community until 1930(↵)
  8. Herald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), October 15, 1883, p. 317(↵)
  9. ibid(↵)
  10. ibid(↵)
  11. On 10 Dec 1833 (Reg 14 Jun 1834) Alexander McDonell sold to Moses Clayminhawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3 (N ½), Whitechurch Twp. For $200 (B.&S. #10825).(↵)
  12. On 24 Mar 1840 (Reg 25 Feb 1841) Moses Climinghawk et ux. sold to George Thomas 200 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3, Whitechurch Twp. for $2000 (B.&S. #18162).(↵)
  13. On 24 Mar 1840 (Reg 12 Jun 1840) George Thomas mortgaged to Moses Climinghawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Concession 3 (N ½), Whitechurch Twp. for $1600 (Mort. #17391).(↵)
  14. On 22 Jul 1840 Isaac Fowler sold to Moses Gleimenhagen 95 acres in né fr w ½ in Greensburg Twp., Putnam Co., OH for $1100 (Vol 11 p. 383). Also see Umble, J. Early Mennonite Sunday schools of Notherwestern Ohio. The Mennonite Quartlerly Review, 100–111, 1931(↵)
  15. Rellinger, Orlo. Glimanhaga family record (births and deaths), 1874/​2012. Found online at Ancestry​.ca(↵)
  16. On 6 Nov 1848 Moses Gleimenhagen sold to Trustees of the Mennonist Church ¼ acre in né fr w ½ in Greensburg Twp., Putnam Co., OH for $3 (Vol 2 p. 465).(↵)
  17. Umble, J. Early Mennonite Sunday schools of Notherwestern Ohio. The Mennonite Quartlerly Review, 1931, p. 107–108(↵)
  18. On 6 Oct 1848 John Hoover sold to Moses Glimanhaga 80 acres in w ½ né ¼ sec 20 in Harrison Twp., Elkhart Co., IN for $160 (Transfer BR1 p. 39).(↵)
  19. Geil, Samuel. Map of Elkhart Co., Indiana, 1861(↵)
  20. On 16 Jun 1851 Moses Gleimenhagen sold to Solomon Myres 94 ¾ acres in né fr w ½ in Greensburg Twp., Putnam Co., OH for $1000 (Vol 4 p. 570). Also see Umble, J. Early Mennonite Sunday schools of Notherwestern Ohio. The Mennonite Quartlerly Review, 100–111, 1931(↵)
  21. Rellinger, Orlo. Glimanhaga family record (births and deaths), 1874/​2012. Found online at Ancestry​.ca(↵)
  22. ibid(↵)
  23. Ancestry​.com. U.S., Registers of Deaths of Volunteers, 1861–1865 [database on-​​line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry​.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Registers of Deaths of Volunteers, compiled 1861–1865. ARC ID: 656639. Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780’s–1917. Record Group 94. National Archives at Washington, D.C.(↵)
  24. The Wakarusa Sun, 15 July 1875, p. 3; Herald of Truth, Vol. XII, August 1875, p. 875(↵)
  25. Herald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), October 15, 1883, p. 317(↵)
  26. ibid(↵)
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Later Family Links by Asa W. CLIMENHAGA

LATER FAMILY LINKS

By Asa W. Climenhaga (c1940)

Author photo from his book, "History of the Brethren in Christ Church. Nappanee, IN, 1942."
Author photo from his book, “History of the Brethren in Christ Church. Nappanee, IN, 1942.”

This memory book may be of some interest to a number of people, but it will chiefly concern the children, grandchildren, and great-​​grandchildren of Peter Martin Climenhaga and Anna (Winger) Climenhaga. To create an interest beyond this would require a complete history of the Climenhaga clan. Such an undertaking should be sponsored by the clan as a group. This work being an individual undertaking is necessarily limited. My readers outside of this family circle mentioned are asked to keep the above in mind. If the above is forgotten this work may appear rather selfish and unfair to the clan as a whole. This family circle is, however, interested in the clan relationship beyond that recorded here and hopes someday a more complete history will be written.

David Climenhaga, the father of Peter Martin Climenhaga, had two brothers and one sister. This family of four children were born to Martin Climenhaga and Elizabeth (Damude) Climenhaga. The firstborn was Moses. The year of his birth was 1820. Anna was born in 1823, David in 1826, and Martin Jr. in 1829.

The father of this family, Martin Climenhaga, Sr., was a minister in the Brethren in Christ church. In those days simplicity was necessary and desired. Clothes and footwear were not plentiful. Martin often preached barefooted which was no disgrace considering the time and simplicity of the situations. Everything else was in keeping. The preaching was not done in churches but in small gatherings in simple home surroundings. When Martin went to Fonthill where he obtained his wife, he drove oxen. He had to go by way of Lundy’s Lane, a distance of almost thirty miles. The Damudes of Fonthill treated him with dried cherries instead of candy.

Aunt Lydia (Climenhaga) Saylor, a sister of Peter M. Climenhaga, wrote what Jacob Engle of Pennsylvania told her about Martin Climenhaga when she visited Pennsylvania at the age of eighteen. He said that years ago when he attended a love-​​feast at Markham, Ontario, an old man came in. He wondered who he was. He walked right up and sat behind the desk with the ministers. He was asked to speak, and Jacob Engle said he was a deeply spiritual man filled with the Holy Spirit. His apparel was very plain, homemade of homespun cloth. Jacob Engle said you never know a man by his clothers or his looks, for they do not tell what is in his heart.

The family of David Climenhaga and Abigail (Barnhart) were ten in number. The mother was born August 5, 1830. Her firstborn was Peter Martin born March 7, 1850. Benjamin was born August 19, 1851. The remainder of the family and dates of birth are Esther Elizabeth, October 6, 1853; Susannah, August 7, 1855; Daniel, April 28, 1857; Elishe, June 7, 1859; Mary Ann, March 26, 1862; Sarah, November 6, 1864; Caroline, November 6, 1864.; and Lydia, September 6, 1868.

Many memories linger concerning this family circle. Only those concerning David and Peter will be recorded. David’s mother, never being physically strong found it necessary to have a neighbor girl come into the home to help with the work. Abigail Barnhart was there one day doing the washing. David’s mother said to her if you stay and iron David’s Sunday shirt he will take you home. She stayed and David took her home. She only lived one-​​half mile away so David took a round-​​about road to take Abigail home. On another occasion Abigail was sleigh riding with a group of young people when David came driving behind the sleigh in a new one-​​horse sleigh, which he built for himself. Some of the group dared Abigail to leave the big sleigh and ask David for a ride. Being young and jolly she accepted the dare and David was glad to grant her request. Out of these events grew a courtship which ended in Abigail being married when eighteen years of age. In the language of the older days David became Abigail’s laddie and Abigail became David’s lassie. In the language of l940, “The same old story, a boy and a girl in love.” David said she could not have been any better than she was so he saw no reason why he should have waited until she was older to get married. They lived together happily and their affections one for the other lasted until the end. David always wanted to live the longer so that he could see his wife through life. His desire was granted.

When David and Abigail were old in years and their children all had homes of their own they would help one another with the work. David spent some of his time in a cider mill. He had one of the old long beam-​​type cider presses. The community folks came for miles to have cider made. After the cider making season was over, David’s time was spent helping Abigail with her house work, working with the vinegar he cured and sold, and making useful articles for women and children. He made such things as little benches, stools, spool wagons, stirring ladles, and crutches. He gave these articles to people in the community and visitors passing through. Some of these home-​​made articles reached far sections even across the ocean. Another task which he took much interest in was braiding the best husk from the corn and after it was thoroughly dry he unbraided it and divided it into narrow strips. This he put in bedticks. He made these for his own use and for his children.

Toward the end of Abigail’s days she was not so well. David would get the meals and put away the things after the meal. He knew where the dishes belonged. For them everything had a place and everything was in the place planned for it. Articles in cupboards not often used were carefully marked. Letters and papers preserved were wrapped and marked so that anyone could tell the content of the package. Each key had a tag with information written on it concerning the drawer or door it unlocked.

Peter Martin Climenhaga grew up strong and ambitious to succeed in life. He and his brother Benjamin when but lads climbed to the peak of the barn to see if they could see the Fenians who crossed the Niagara River from .the United States to take Canada and the soldiers marching to meet them. These outlaws were a group who rallied under a leader with the idea they could conquer Canada and rule it as a country for themselves. One huckster drove rapidly through the countryside crying the Fenians are coming, thousands are over and hundreds are coming every minute. These young lads could not see the raiders from the barn peak but they were not afraid as those were who left their homes driving across the country to get away from the enemy. The raiders were driven back by the citizens and soldiers and were held for some time in the river on flatbottom boats until the United States readmitted them again.

Peter started to walk when one year old exactly on the day. Soon afterwards he was lost and could not be found. His mother was in bed at the time so could not join in the hunt. She from her bed looked out of the window into a nearby oats field. She saw the grain moving and informed the rest. They went and looked and found little Peter crawling through the oats field. To keep Peter from getting away his mother would lay him on his back. He was so fat that he could not get up alone from this position. A chair peddler came to the home and was showing his wares. Peter climbed on one of the chairs end claimed it so his parents decided to buy it for him. He started school at the age of seven. The schoolhouse stood across the road from the present Post Office at Stevensville. He knew his letters before starting to school so the teacher had him teaching the letters to other children. His father thought this not advisable so he kept him out of school awhile. He continued in school a short time each winter until he was twenty years old. He was only twelve years of age when he started to plough. He was married when twenty-​​three years old. He started housekeeping on the farm near Stevensville where he still lives past ninety years of age in 1940.

Peter cried on the day of his wedding. He had made arrangements with a minister to marry them and right at the last the minister could not come. Another minister was found and the wedding day kept. The farm on which they started housekeeping was over sixty acres. Enough land was purchased later to make it about one hundred acres. The town of Stevensville was growing at this time. When Peter was a boy the town did not have more than twenty homes.

The house on which most of his family were born and reared was built in 1880. Not counting his own work the house was built for about $1200. He bought the logs from Christian Bitner for $4.50 a thousand in the log. He had the logs sawed for $3.00 a thousand at Dean’s sawmill. Christian Bitner was to help measure the logs after Peter had cut and hauled them from the marsh owned by Bitner. Bitner would not come to see them measured. He said Peter can measure them alone. The men who helped build the house were paid according to their skill. The boss received one dollar and fifty cents a day, the others received one dollar and twenty five cents and one dollar a day.

Peter was a careful financer and he with his faithful companion as he called his wife reared their family of nine children and were always in a position to help others. One experience will throw light on his ability to run a home successfully. When a young man he surveyed land for his uncle Benjamin Baker. When Benjamin Baker was asked if the land was surveyed right he replied: “I think so for I had David Climenhaga’s lawyer to do it.” What he did he did well and this was especially true of his farming.

A general picture of the normal home life can hardly be put in a few words. The rising hour was about five A.M. in the summer and about six A.M. in the winter. “Time to get up, boys” came the call each morning from the foot of the stairs. Father’s word was law and the boys did the chores and milked the cows. The parents said “come” instead of “go.” Thus the chores were soon over and the large stable of cows soon milked.

Before breakfast as regular as the days rolled round the family met in a circle for Bible reading, in which they all took part verse by verse, and kneeling prayer. Each meal was opened with grace and closed with thanks. Threshing morning or market morning did not hinder the worship period. Tramps coming early in the morning for a bit to eat from sleeping in some neighbor’s barn were made to join in the family worship else not be fed. In case the phone would ring during family worship some member of the family circle would answer and softly whisper “We are having worship, please call later.”

The family generally retired between eight and nine P.M. with the children in bed first. Father and Mother before retiring would kneel by their bedside and pray audibly for each one of the children.

Father and Mother Climenhaga were converted in 1881 and became members of the Brethren in Christ Church. When Father mentioned his concern in relation to being a Christian, Mother said she was also concerned and was just waiting for Father to mention it. It was not unusual for Mother Climenhaga to go about her work singing Gospel songs. While pumping water she was heard singing, “Someone will enter the pearly gates, Shall you, shall I? Someone will knock and will not be heard, Shall you, shall I?”

Turning to Mother Climenhaga’s relationship we find a family of ten children. Those are the children of Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Winger. John was born June 16, 1848; Henry January 13, 1850; Anna, April 17, 1851; Elizabeth, September 21, 1853; Rebecca, May 24, 1854; Jonas, August 24, 1857; Sarah, September 11, 1859; Abraham, August 5, 1861; Jacob, September 21, 1866. Moses was born between Abraham and Jacob, out did not grow to manhood, dying when nineteen months old.

The grandparents of this family on the fathers side were John Sider and Anna (Climenhaga} Sider. The daughter Magdalene Sider married Abraham Winger. This Abraham Winger was the son of Henry Winger and his wife Elizabeth (Neff) Winger. From this it is clear that Peter Martin Climenhaga and his wife Anna (Winger) Climenhaga were cousins.

Abraham Winger, Sr., the father of the (ten) children mentioned, was Overseer of the Bertie district of the Brethren in Christ Church in Welland County. He was a sincere Christian man and faithfully served the church. At his death his son Jonas became Overseer. Abraham’s wife died when about fifty years of age. Later in years he remarried somewhat against the wishes of his children. It worked out in the end to be considered a satisfactory union by all concerned.

This family became quite scattered. Henry lived for a time in Northwest Canada; Rebecca lived in Kansas; Abraham lived in Northwest Canada and Jacob spent most of his adult days in Colorado and the state of Washington. In Colorado he was for a time a miner and later an engineer. The two in Northwest Canada were tillers of the soil.

A cane used by Peter Martin Climenhaga’s father David and a cane and powder horn used by Abraham Winger, the Overseer or Bishop as now called, is in my possession. They are part of a museum of articles used by members of the Brethren in Christ Church.

Asa W. Climenhaga”

 

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Henry CLIMENHAGEN’S Land Tracts

Henry Climenhagen land tracts. These lands were willed to his five children in 1825--twenty years after his death.
Henry Climenhagen land tracts. These lands were willed to his five children in 1825–twenty years after his death.

In July of 1797 Henry Climenhagen petitioned for lands in Upper Canada and was granted two hundred acres of land in Willoughby Township (Lots 6 & 7, cross-​​concession).[1] This land is on Baker rd. to the West of Sodom rd. According to an 1811 land deed map of Willoughby Township these lands were bordered to the West by Martin Beam, to the North by the Shoup brothers Martin and Christian, to the East by Joshua Fairbanks, and to the south by the lands of John Sherk. In 1825, these lands were subsequently willed to Henry’s oldest and youngest children, with Anna (Climenhaga) Sider being given Lot 6[2] and Moses Glimanhaga lot 7, respectively.[3] In 1828 Moses sold his 100-​​acres to Elizabeth Shoup, daughter of Christian Shoup, for ₤32 and relocated to Whitechurch Township near Markham, Ontario.[4] Anna and husband John Sider sold Lot 7 in 1849 to Gabriel Morningstar for ₤125.[5]

In 1799, Henry Climenhagen purchased 300 acres of land in Bertie Township from Parshall Terry, an ex-Butler’s Ranger.[6] In 1825 these lands were willed to Henry’s middle children with Martin Climenhage/​a receiving land on Lot 13, Concession 10,[7] and Abraham Climenhegg receiving land on Lot 13 Concession 9.[8] These lands are located on Eagle Street in Stevensville.  Upon Martin’s death in 1876, his land, bordered by Winger road and Sider road, was given to his surviving sons David Climenhaga and Moses Climenhage, whereupon David received from the west half of Black Creek, and Moses the east half. David’s land was subsequently passed down through three generations of his family. Abraham’s land lay to the East of Sider road. Abraham died quite young (age 35) and his land passed to his eldest son Nathaniel who sold the land off in pieces until he relocated with his family to Middlesex County, Ontario in the early 1850s.

Henry’s middle son, Henry Climenhage/​a junior, was given land on Lot 14, Concession 11 in Stevensville[9]—land which borders Stevensville road and College Road. This land was later sold in 1836 and 1838 to John Pickhart.[10][11]

Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. On 5 Feb 1805 the Crown granted to Henry Klimenhaga a patent for all Lots 6 & 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp.(↵)
  2. On 12 Mar 1825 (Reg 30 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Moses Climenhagen, Abraham Climenhagen, Henry Climenhagen Sons of Henry Climenhagen Senior gave a quitclaim to Anna Sider daughter of Henry Climenhagen Senior on 100 acres in Lot 6 Concession, Willoughby Twp. for 5 shillings (A122 #6641)(↵)
  3.  On 12 Mar 1825 (Reg 30 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Henry Climenhagen, Abraham Climenhagen, Anna wife of John Sider children of Henry Climenhagen Sr gave a quitclaim to Moses Climenhagen on 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp. for 5 shillings (A122 #6641)(↵)
  4. On 13 Jun 1828 (Reg 9 May 1829) Moses Glimanhaga sold to Elizabeth Shoup 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Concession, Willoughby Twp. for ₤32 (A156 #7614)(↵)
  5. On 18 Sep 1849 (Reg 12 Jan 1850) Anna Sider and John Sider her husband sold to Gabriel Morningstar 100 acres in Lot 6 Concession, Willoughby Twp. for ₤125 (A77 #1885)(↵)
  6. On 6 Dec 1799 (Reg 18 Dec 1799) Parshall Terry et ux sold to Henry Clymanhaggen 300 acres in Lot 13 Concessions 9 & 10 & Lot 14 Concession 11 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. (A19 #157)(↵)
  7. On 12 March 1825 (Reg 24 May 1825) Henry Climenhagen, Abraham Climenhagen, Moses Climenhagen, Anna Sider wife of John Cider sons & daughter of Henry Climenhagen deceased sold to Martin Climenhagen 100 acres in Lot No 13 Concession 10 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for 5 shillings (A295 #6631)(↵)
  8. On 12 March 1825 (Reg 24 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Moses Climenhagen, Henry Climenhagen, Anna Sider wife of John Cider sons & daughter of Henry Climenhagen deceased sold to Abraham Climenhagen 100 acres in Lot No 13 Concession 9 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for 5 shillings (A295 #6629)(↵)
  9. On 12 March 1825 (Reg 24 May 1825) Martin Climenhagen, Moses Climenhagen, Abraham Climenhagen, Anna Sider wife of John Sider sons and daughter of Henry Climenhagen gave a quitclaim to Henry Climenhagen on 100 acres in Lot 14 Concession 11 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for 5 shillings (A296 #6630)(↵)
  10. On 16 February 1836 (Reg 31 March 1836) Henry Climenhagen sold to Peter Pickhart 50 acres in the west part of Lot 14 Concession 11 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. for ₤37.60 (B100 #10781)(↵)
  11. On 16 April 1838 (Reg 25 July 1839) Henry Glymenhaga sold to John Pickhart 50 acres in Lot 14 Concession 11 from the Niagara River, Bertie Twp. beginning at a post in front of Concession 11 for ₤100 (B255 #12597)(↵)
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Josiah CLIMENHEGG and his descendants

I recently had a request for more information on Josiah Climenhegg—a little known member of the Climenhegg clan—and his offspring. As such I thought this request to be a good opportunity to convey here what I know about this man and his family. –updated 31 Jan 2014.

Tree_150_x_150Josiah,[1][2]or Joseph,[3][4][5] Climenhegg, as he was known, was most likely a son of Nathaniel Climenhegg and Chrishannah “Christina” Shisler. It is estimated that he was born between 1844 and 1853 possibly in Pennsylvania[6] and died between 1896 and 1900—no birth or death records have been found at the time of this writing. Josiah was an engineer[7] by trade and lived in the Ridgeway area of old Bertie Township. He was also an active volunteer of the 44th Lincoln and Welland Regiment.[8]

Josiah was married about 1889 to Hannah Eliza Huffman.[9] Hannah was born December 1, 1859 to Michael Huffman and Mary Johnston. She was previously married about 1873 to Jacob Leander Teal (1843–1887) and had five known children by that union which included William Edmund (1874), Mary Etta (1877), Ida Vanetta (1879), Harry Leander (1882), and Tina Lavina (1884).

The marriage between Josiah and Hannah produced three known children–the first being William N. Climenhegg, born July 20th 1890 and died April 27th 1893. He is buried in the Zion Cemetery on Garrison road in Ridgeway—no records of this child have been found other than his grave marker. To this union were also born two daughters: Nellie M. Climenhegg, and Hazel L. Climenhegg—both in Ridgeway, Ontario.

Hannah and her daughters

Josiah died in his early to late 50s—sometime between 1896 and 1900 as Hannah is found in the 1901 Canadian Census, widowed, living in Bertie Township with her two daughters, Nellie and Hazel, and her two sons from her first marriage. She was running a boarding house at the time.[10] By 1908 she was living in Buffalo, New York and is listed in the Buffalo City directory as:

Climenhegg Hannah wid Josiah r 148 Seneca.”[11]

In the 1909 Buffalo City directory she is found living at the same address with her two daughters.[12] It is assumed that Hannah died shortly thereafter as she does not appear in the 1910 Buffalo City directory, or in any of the census records that follow. Her daughters were both married about 1909 or 1910.

Nellie M. Climenhegg

Nellie Climenhegg was born October 20th 1892 in Ridgeway, Bertie Township, Welland County, Ontario.[13] In 1901 she was living with her widowed mother, sister Hazel, and her two half brothers—William and Harry Teal—in Bertie Township.[14] In 1909 Nellie Climenhegg was living with her mother and sister at 148 Seneca street in Buffalo, New York, and was employed as a box maker.[15] In the 1910 Buffalo City directory she is found living at the same address, by herself, and employed as an inspector.[16] In 1909/​1910 Nellie married Charles Augustus Kohler. Charles, born September 19th, 1879 in Tonawanda New York,[17] was the son of Christian Kohler and Margarethe Gehring. Nellie and Charles appear in the 1915 Buffalo City directory where he is working as a carpenter and she as a housekeeper. In 1918 Charles was working as a longshoreman, and the couple were residing at 175 Broad Street in Buffalo.

According to census records Nellie immigrated to the United States in 1905,[18] and became a naturalized US citizen by marriage in 1909/​1910[19][20]–Nellie being 18 years of age and Charles 31.[21] In 1928, the couple were living at 387 Adam Street in Tonawanda and Charles was employed as a carpenter.[22] In the 1930 United States Federal Census Charles was working as a labourer in a paper mill, while in 1940 Charles was working as a building contractor. By 1940 the couple were residing at 312 Broad Street. It is interesting to note that the 1940 census states Nellie’s highest grade completed as the 2nd grade, while Charles’ highest grade completed was the 3rd grade.[23] No children from this union. In 1983 Nellie celebrated her 90th birthday which was noted in the Tonawanda News:

Nellie Kohler will celebrate her 90th birthday Thursday. Mrs. Kohler, wife of the late Charles Kohler, life-​​long resident of Tonawanda, came from Fort Erie, Ont., in 1915.[24] She has made her home in Tonawanda since that time. Mrs. Kohler has several nieces and nephews in the area. Her philosophy on life has been one of hard work and looking ahead.“[25]

Charles Kohler died in 1972, while Nellie passed away some 12 years later:

Charles A. Kohler, 92, of 312 Broad Street, died Saturday (Jan. 29, 1972) at DeGraff Memorial Hospital. A lifelong resident of this city he was a member of St. Francis of Assisi Church and the Holy Names Society. He was formerly employed by the Richardson Boat Co., retiring in 1947. He is survived by his wife, the former Nellie Climenhegg, and several nieces and nephews. Prayers will be said at 9 a.m. Tuesday at the Roth Funeral Home, followed by a Mass of the Resurrection at 9:30 a.m. Burial will be in Elmlawn Cemetery.“[26]

Nellie M. Kohler, 90, of Tonawanda, Wednesday (May 23, 1984) after a long illness. A resident of Tonawanda for more than 60 years, she was the Wife of the late Charles Kohler who died in 1972. She is survived by her nieces, Mrs. Gladys McCleary of Newark Dela., Mrs. Hazel Benner, Mrs. Lillian Stanley, both of Buffalo, Mrs. Lucy Riexinger of Tonawanda and many other nieces and nephews. Friends may call from 7–9 p.m. Thursday and 2–4 and 7–9 p m Friday at the Hamp Funeral Home, Inc. Adam and Seymour Sts., Tonawanda. Friends are invited to attend a Mass of Christian Burial at 9 a.m. Saturday at St Francis of Assisi Church. Interment at Elmlawn Cemetery.“[27]

Hazel L. Climenhegg

Hazel Climenhegg was born in Ridgeway, Ontario April 16th 1895[28] and died December 13th, 1965 at DeGraff Memorial Hospital, Tonawanda, Erie County, New York after a brief illness. She first appears in the 1901 Canadian census with her mother, sister, and two half brothers living in Bertie Township—likely Ridgeway. In the 1909 Buffalo City directory she is found living with her mother and sister, and working as a waitress.[29] Around 1910, Hazel was married to George Nelson Bush. George, the son of Nelson Bush and Mary Ann Brooker,[30] was born March 22nd 1881 at Dunnville, Haldimand County, Ontario. He immigrated to the United States with his parents in 1882.[31] In 1918 Hazel, George, and their daughter Gladys were living at 110 Clinton Street in Buffalo—George was working as a bartender at the Imperial Hotel.[32]

It is assumed that the couple divorced[33] in 1920, or that George died shortly thereafter as the 1920 US Census, which included Hazel, George, and Gladys was taken on January 8th, though later that year Hazel was remarried to Charles Miller. At the time of their marriage Charles was living in Detroit and working as a clerk. It is unclear how they met but the couple were wed in Fort Erie, Ontario, June 10th, 1920 at the Church of England.[34] Charles, the son of John Miller and Mary Knoll, was born in August of 1887 at Shawano, Wisconsin, and died December 31st, 1929. In the 1930 US Federal Census Hazel is listed as widowed. At this time Hazel was living at 250 Smith Street in Buffalo where she  boarded out some rooms and worked as a store clerk at a grocery store. Interestingly, in the 1930 census she states that she immigrated to the US in 1898 which may indicate that her father moved the family to Buffalo in 1898[35] and died shortly thereafter–but this is purely speculation.

Hazel married a third time on December 22nd 1938 at Erie County, Pennsylvania[36] to Mark B. Starks, son of Fred Starks and Adell Reed. Mark was born June 10th, 1889 at Little Valley, Cattaraugus County, New York, and died January 19th, 1958 at Tonawanda, New York. He worked as an electrician.[37] Mark had been married previously, and divorced, to Blanche L. Howden of Cattaraugus County, New York. In 1940 Hazel was working as a floor lady and the couple lived, or were staying with, daughter Gladys and her family at 928 West Avenue in Buffalo.[38].

Mark died in 1958, and Hazel followed seven years later:

Mark B. Starks, Jan. 19, 1958, husband of Hazel L. Starks; father of Mark Jr., and Harlo Hutchinson, Mrs. Gladys Kohler and Mrs. Cleo Miller, brother of Lee and Willis Starks, Mrs. Francis Frenz of Little Valley, N.Y., and Mrs. Katherine Percy of Salamanca, N.Y.; also survived by 13 grandchildren and three great-​​grandchildren. Funeral from the Funeral Home of John J. ray and Son, 615 Elmwood Ave., Thursday afternoon at 2 o’clock. Friends are invited.“[39]

Hazel L. Starks, 70, of 312 Broad St., Tonawanda, died Monday (Dec. 13, 1965) at DeGraff Memorial Hospital after a brief illness. A native of Buffalo, she had been a resident of Tonawanda for the past 15 years. She was a member of the Erie County Democratic Club, Tonawanda Women’s Democratic Club, a charter member and delegate to the Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers. Survivors include a daughter, Mrs. Gladys McCleary of Tonawanda; a step-​​daughter, Mrs. Cleo Miller of East Aurora; two step-​​sons, Howard Starks and Harlo Hutchinson, both of Buffalo; a sister, Mrs. Charles Kohler of Tonawanda; a granddaughter, Mrs. Carol McCleary Eller of Wilmington, Del.; a grandson, Richard J. McCleary of Tonawanda, and several great-​​grandchildren. Friends may call from 2–4 and 7–9 p.m. at John O. Roth Funeral Home, Morgan and William Streets, Tonawanda, where services will be conducted by the Rev. Alexander Corti at 1:30 p.m. Wednesday. Burial in Elmlawn Cemetery.“[40]

Gladys V. Bush

Gladys V. Bush was the daughter of Hazel L. Climenhegg and George Nelson Bush. She was born December 8th, 1910 at Buffalo, New York[41] and died March 19th, 1992 at Newark, New Castle, Delaware. She was first married to George Ward McCleary who was born in 1908 at Buffalo, New York. Three children were born from this union. Gladys was widowed and then married a second time to John E. Koller. Gladys moved to Delaware a few years after her mother’s death. What follows is her obituary:

A memorial service for Gladys McCleary Koller, 81, a former Buffalo resident, will be scheduled in Delaware. Born in Buffalo, Mrs. Koller died March 19, 1992, in her Newark, Del., home after a lengthy illness. She worked for more than 50 years in retail sales and at one time worked for the Sample stores. She also was a nanny. She was involved in Democratic activities and was a member of the Democratic Boosters during the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She also was a volunteer in women’s Democratic circles in the Tonawanda area. Mrs. Koller was a member of St. Paul’s Cathedral in Buffalo. She left the area in 1968. In Newark, Mrs. Koller was a member of Holy Family Catholic Church. She was an avid traveler and enjoyed cooking and working with her children. She was the widow of George Ward McCleary and John E. Koller. Survivors include a son, Richard J. McCleary; a daughter, Carol J. Willis of Newark; six grandchildren, and nine great-​​grandchildren.“[42]



Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1913. MS 929, reel 145. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario. Father’s name “Josiah Climenhage”(↵)
  2. Named on son William’s headstone as “Josiah” http://​www​.findagrave​.com/​c​g​i​-​b​i​n​/​f​g​.​c​g​i​?​p​a​g​e​=​g​r​&​a​m​p​;​G​S​l​n​=​C​l​i​m​e​n​h​e​g​g​&​a​m​p​;​G​S​b​y​r​e​l​=​a​l​l​&​a​m​p​;​G​S​d​y​r​e​l​=​a​l​l​&​a​m​p​;​G​S​o​b​=​n​&​a​m​p​;​G​R​i​d​=​4​1​8​5​7​4​2​6​&​a​m​p​;​d​f​=​all&(↵)
  3. Ontario, Canada. Registrations of Marriages, 1869–1928. MS932, Reels 1–833, 850–880. Archives of Ontario, Toronto. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_​554; Reel: 554. Name of father listed as “Joseph Climenhegg” on marriage certificate.(↵)
  4. Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885–1950,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://​familysearch​.org/​p​a​l​:​/​M​M​9​.​1​.​1​/​V​F​Q​B​-​LXW : accessed 28 Sep 2013), Hazel L Busch and Mark Starks, 1938. Father of bride is listed as “Joseph Climenhegg”(↵)
  5. Joseph Climenhage fell off a fence the other day and put his thumb out of joint,” Welland Tribune, April 20, 1883, p. 10.(↵)
  6. Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885–1950,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://​familysearch​.org/​p​a​l​:​/​M​M​9​.​1​.​1​/​V​F​Q​B​-​LXW : accessed 28 Sep 2013), Hazel L Busch and Mark Starks, 1938.(↵)
  7. Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1913. MS 929, reel 145. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario. On his daughter Nellie’s birth record his occupation is listed as “Engineer”(↵)
  8. Josiah Climenhegg is named in the annual drill of active militia at the Brigade camp at Niagara being part of 4 company in the 44th battalion infantry, Sept 15–26 1885 where he received $6.00; a J. Climenhegg also appears for militia training with 7 company June 14–25 1887 where he received $6.00. Source: Library and Archives Canada; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Department of Militia and Defence, Accounts and Pay Branch, Nominal Rolls and Paylists for the Volunteer Militia, 1855–1914; Record Group Number: R180-100–9-E; Volume Number: 113.(↵)
  9. Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1913. MS 929, reel 28. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario. Listed as “Hannah Eliza Huffman” on daughter Mary Etta Teal’s birth record.(↵)
  10. Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1901. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2004. . Series RG31-​​C-​​1. Statistics Canada Fonds. Microfilm reels: T-​​6428 to T-​​6556. Year: 1901; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 3; Family No: 30.(↵)
  11. Buffalo, New York, City Directory, 1908.(↵)
  12. Buffalo, New York, City Directory, 1909.(↵)
  13. Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1901. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2004. . Series RG31-​​C-​​1. Statistics Canada Fonds. Microfilm reels: T-​​6428 to T-​​6556. Year: 1901; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 3; Family No: 30.(↵)
  14. ibid.(↵)
  15. Buffalo, New York, City Directory, 1909.(↵)
  16. Buffalo, New York, City Directory, 1910.(↵)
  17. Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. Year: 1880; Census Place: Tonawanda, Erie, New York; Roll: 827; Family History Film: 1254827; Page: 178B; Enumeration District: 104; Image: 0544.(↵)
  18. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1915; Election District: 03; Assembly District: 05; City: Buffalo Ward 06; County: Erie; Page: 10.(↵)
  19. Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA. Note: Enumeration Districts 819–839 are on roll 323 (Chicago City). Year: 1920; Census Place: Tonawanda Ward 3, Erie, New York; Roll: T625_​1111; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 332; Image: 269.(↵)
  20. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1925; Election District: 01; Assembly District: 07; City: Tonawanda Ward 03; County: Erie; Page: 13.(↵)
  21. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls. Year: 1930; Census Place: Tonawanda, Erie, New York; Roll: 1436; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 452; Image: 957.0; FHL microfilm: 2341171.(↵)
  22. Tonawanda, New York, City Directory, 1928.(↵)
  23. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls. Year: 1940; Census Place: Tonawanda, Erie, New York; Roll: T627_​2530; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 15–150.(↵)
  24. This is an error—it should read 1905.(↵)
  25. Tonawanda News, October 18th, 1983.(↵)
  26. Niagara Falls Gazette, January 31, 1972, p. 9.(↵)
  27. Tonawanda News, May 24, 1984.(↵)
  28. Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1901. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2004. . Series RG31-​​C-​​1. Statistics Canada Fonds. Microfilm reels: T-​​6428 to T-​​6556. Year: 1901; Census Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 3; Family No: 30.(↵)
  29. Buffalo, New York, City Directory, 1909.(↵)
  30. Archives of Ontario. Registrations of Births and Stillbirths – 1869–1913. MS 929, reel 43. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.(↵)
  31. Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA. Note: Enumeration Districts 819–839 are on roll 323 (Chicago City). Year: 1920; Census Place: Buffalo Ward 6, Erie, New York; Roll: T625_​1101; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 57; Image: 142.(↵)
  32. United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. M1509, 4,582 rolls. Imaged from Family History Library microfilm. Registration State: New York; Registration County: Erie; Roll: 1712050; Draft Board: 3.(↵)
  33. Hazel is listed as ‘spinster’ on her marriage certificate to Charles Miller. This suggests that Hazel and her first husband George were divorced as it was common practice for women who were divorced to save face by continuing to use the ‘spinster’ label.(↵)
  34. Ontario, Canada. Registrations of Marriages, 1869–1928. MS932, Reels 1–833, 850–880. Archives of Ontario, Toronto. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_​554; Reel: 554.(↵)
  35. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls. Year: 1930; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: 1424; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 55; Image: 1175.0; FHL microfilm: 2341159.(↵)
  36. Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885–1950,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://​familysearch​.org/​p​a​l​:​/​M​M​9​.​1​.​1​/​V​F​Q​B​-​LXW : accessed 28 Sep 2013), Hazel L Busch and Mark Starks, 1938.(↵)
  37. ibid.(↵)
  38. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls. Year: 1940; Census Place: Buffalo, Erie, New York; Roll: T627_​2838; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 64–499.(↵)
  39. Tonawanda News, December 13, 1965, p. 17.(↵)
  40. Buffalo Courier-​​Express, January 22, 1958, p. 6.(↵)
  41. Ancestry​.com. U.S. Public Records Index, Volume 1 [database on-​​line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry​.com Operations, Inc., 2010.(↵)
  42. The Buffalo News, April 13, 1992.(↵)
Posted in Bush, Climenhegg, Huffman, Kohler, Koller, McCleary, Miller, Pritchard, Starks | Leave a comment

CLIMENHEGG family reunion 1900?

climenhaga-family-reunion
Possible Climenhegg family reunion photo taken at Niagara Falls/​Fort Erie area (c1900)

Close-up of Climenhegg [?] reunion photo (c1900)
Close-​​up of Climenhegg [?] reunion photo (c1900)
This photograph is a great mystery to me. It was sent to me from a woman who found it in the archives of the Brethren in Christ head office in Oakville, Ontario. The inscription on the back reads: “Niagara River picture of Climenhaga Family Reunion 1900 # 24.”

I have sent this photo out to folks all over North America within the Climenhag* family and the BIC church (including the Oakville office) in the hopes that someone would recognize at least one person in this photo. But, no such luck. There has been quite a lot of research on the ‘Climenhaga’ branch of the family which leads me to believe that this photo is not associated with anyone from that particular branch.

One of the least researched family tree lines is that of the ‘Climenhegg’ family. This line stems from Abraham Climenhegg, third born son of Henry Climenhagen. Abraham was born in 1800 and died in 1835. And although Abraham’s eldest son, Nathaniel, had many children, for some reason the Climenhegg line did not prosper. There are descendants of this branch alive today but none carry the Climenhegg family name. Abraham’s daughter’s also married and had large families–Susannah to Joseph Winger and Mary to James Phillips.

Perhaps some of the fifteen folks in this photo are children and grandchildren of Nathaniel Climenhegg and/​or his younger sisters. Some of the names associated with this family are Baker, Clites, Huffman, Morgan, Phillips, Pritchard, Shisler, Smith, Truckenbrodt, Winger, Wright, and Zimmerman.

If you recognize anyone in the photo, or think someone looks familiar, please contact me.

 

Posted in Climenhegg, Family photos, Phillips, Pritchard, Shisler, Truckenbrodt, Unidentified, Winger, Wright, Zimmerman | Leave a comment

David CLIMENHAGA Family

David Climenhaga Family
David Climenhaga Family (circa 1905)
Front row: Susanna (Climenhaga) Winger; Daniel Climenhage; Lydia (Climenhaga) Saylor; Mary Ann (Climenhaga) Sider
Back row: Sarah (Climenhaga) Engle; David Climenhaga; Abigail (Barnhart) Climenhaga; Caroline (Climenhaga) Sider.
*Missing: Peter Martin Climenhaga and Benjamin Climenhaga

The second son and third child of Martin Climenhaga and Elizabeth Damude, DAVID CLIMENHAGA was born August 24th, 1826 at Bertie Township, Welland County, Ontario Canada and died August 5th, 1913 at that same place from old age. At age 22 he wed ABIGAIL BARNHART on October 3rd 1848. Abigail was the daughter of Peter Barnhart and Mary Ann Fretz. She was born August 5th 1830 and died February 14th 1908 at Bertie Township. David and Abigail lived on a farm between Black Creek and the village of Stevensville. When his children were grown David spent much of his time making cider and vinegar which he would sell.

Back: Jesse Lewis Climenhage holding Claude Aquilla Climenhage. Front: David Climenhaga and his son Daniel Climenhage. Note the name change (circa 1906).
Back: Jesse Lewis Climenhage holding Claude Aquilla Climenhage. Front: David Climenhaga and his son Daniel Climenhage (circa 1907).

Around 1900, Dave Climenhaga had a cider mill located at his farm on the east side of Winger Road and north of the ConRail (Michigan Central) railway line east of Stevensville. The mill used horse power to turn a “jack” –that is, a gear arrangement. Horses walked in a circle, in the same system that was used to operate a log saw or a small thresher. This “jack gear” operated the pulper and press. Horses pulling wagons of apples lined up on the road “clear back to Stevensville.” The process has been described as requiring two men to turn a capstan, as on a boat, and this was used to screw down the press.”[1]

David was also an avid carpenter and furniture maker of such items as benches, stools, crutches and stirring ladles which he enjoyed giving to community members and visitors.[2] He had a keen interest in the family history and took great pride in maintaining the Black Creek Pioneer Cemetery (known as Winger or Brillinger Cemetery in his day). He was a lifelong member of the Tunker church and served as Deacon for many years. Laid to rest at Bertie Brethren in Christ Church Cemetery, Bertie Township, Welland County, Ontario.

Children:

  • Peter Martin Climenhaga b 1850
  • Benjamin Climenhaga b 1851
  • Esther Elizabeth Climenhaga b 1853
  • Susanna Climenhaga b 1855
  • Daniel Climenhage* b 1857
  • Elisha Climenhaga b 1859
  • Mary Ann Climenhaga b 1862
  • Sarah Climenhaga b 1864 twin
  • Caroline Climenhaga b 1864 twin
  • Lydia Climenhaga b 1868
Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Many voices II. A collective history of greater Fort Erie (2004, p. 93)(↵)
  2. Climenhaga, Asa Winger. Later family links, 1940.(↵)
Posted in Barnhart, Climenhaga, Family photos | Leave a comment

Henry CLIMENHAGEN: Journey to Upper Canada

prairie_schooner_by_PSFHenry Climenhagen and his family lived in Pennsylvania for a time before journeying to Upper Canada in 1797. The trek from Pennsylvania—likely Lancaster County—to what would become Ontario took approximately two months to complete. Accordingly, if Henry and his family arrived at the end of June, as stated in his land grant petition, they would have set out on their North-​​East journey sometime around April of 1797. Other Pennsylvania families, mainly Mennonites, such as Byer, Shoup, and Hershey applied for land grants in Willoughby Township about the same time as Henry, suggesting that these families may have made the long trek together. One such travelling companion may have been John Beyer (a possible cousin of Henry’s wife Barbary). In Henry’s land grant petition dated July 14th 1797 he states that he “came into this Province about three weeks ago.” Similarly, the land grant of John Beyers, dated July 12th 1797, states he “came into the Province about a month since from Pennsylvania.“[1]

The Conestoga Wagon

As stated in his land grant petition Henry arrived with cattle—likely oxen that could be used to pull a Conestoga wagon. These wagons were commonly used by early settlers to carry supplies and any keepsakes from the homes they left behind. Oxen are very strong animals. Once Henry and his family were settled these creatures would be essential in helping to clear the land and till the fields for planting. The Conestoga wagon, introduced by the Mennonite settlers in Lancaster Pennsylvania, was different than most covered wagons in that it was primarily built as a work vehicle for the tough hilly landscape of Pennsylvania.

A wagon jack possibly owned by Henry Climenhagen
A wagon jack possibly owned by Henry Climenhagen
Photo: Trevor Climenhage

A typical Conestoga wagon was 18 feet long, 11 feet high and 4 feet wide and weighed upwards of 1200 pounds. It could carry 1 ton and had a curved floor like a boat hull to keep the weight in the center which also aided in preventing the contents from shifting or tipping when travelling up and down hills. Stretched across the top of the wagon on spindles was a white durable canvas cover. As a work vehicle, the wagon was equipped with large sturdy wheels to keep the contents of the wagon dry during stream crossings. These large wheels also aided in passing over large rocks and stumps. Often the cracks in the wagon’s body were filled with tar to prevent leaking during stream crossings or from bad weather—this however did not make the wagon waterproof enough to float. The large wheels were usually painted red while the body was painted Prussian blue. Conestoga wagons were typically equipped with an axe to clear fallen trees and brush from the wagon trail, a tool box for making small repairs, and a wheel jack (Pennsylvania’s Conestoga Wagon, 2009). A wheel jack from a Conestoga wagon thought to have belonged to Henry (or possibly Abraham Beam; shown right)[2] has been passed down throughout the generations and is owned by Trevor Climenhage. The wheel jack is decorated and stamped with the year 1792.

The condition of the roads in early spring would have been terrible—especially treacherous since the thawing rivers could not be used and the roads were morasses of mud. Spring was one of the best times of the year to travel as it was late enough that the ice had broken up aiding in stream crossing, but early enough to avoid the flies and mosquitoes and heat of the summer months (Burghardt, 1969; Wallace, 1952).

The distance from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania to Upper Canada was approximately 370 miles (600 km). Typically a wagon could travel ten to twelve miles per day with a team of six to eight horses or oxen. To drive his team Henry walked along the left side of the wagon as they made their way along the wagon trail. Although there were no seats on these wagons the driver often stood atop a ‘lazy’ board—a pullout oak plank in front of the left rear wheel which was next to the brake lever. The brake lever was attached to a chain that would lock the back wheels to slow the wagon down when on a downward slope.

Musket Ball Kit
Kit for making musket balls believed to once belong to Henry Climenhagen. The kit consisted of a ladle for melting the lead and the mold for fashioning the musket balls
Photo: Trevor Climenhage

Each night they would make camp. A feed box that hung from the back of the wagon would be filled with grain for the oxen and water barrels would be set out for these animals. In traditional German manner the family would have eaten a lot of salt pork along the way. Even if they ran low on food and supplies there were many small villages and Indian cabins along the way. However, a minimal skill with a musket would guarantee other catches along the wilderness trails especially geese, wild pigeons, turkeys, bear, and even rattlesnake, which, when boiled had one observer to state “I can say with the greatest Candor I never ate better Meat” (Kirtland, 1903). A musket ball ‘kit’ once thought to belong to Henry is shown right.

After a fire had been raised and dinner completed Henry and family would be content to sleep on the ground beside a spring under a clear sky with boughs of hemlock and balsam making for a comfortable mattress. If the weather was bad there were a system of shelters used by the Pennsylvania Indians that could be found every ten or twelve miles along the major trails. Often these shelters, with names such as “Cock Eye’s Cabin,” and the “Warriors Spring,” were indicated on old maps, journals or surveys, while many others were nameless (Wallace, 1952).

Many of the Mennonites who left Pennsylvania for Upper Canada followed the Trail of the Conestoga which linked up with the Mohawk Trail, from Albany NY to Lake Erie. This was the most common route used by Loyalists into Upper Canada in Henry’s day (Suderman, 1998; Witaker, 2002).

Crossing the Niagara

In June of 1797 Henry and his family finally crossed the Niagara River at Chippewa to Upper Canada. The Niagara Peninsula, about 50 miles long and 40 miles wide, is bordered by Lake Ontario to the north, Lake Erie to the south, and by the Niagara River—the international boundary between the United States and Canada—on the east. The peninsula was devoid of settlement before 1780, and even absent of native villages due to the decimation of the Neutral tribe by the Iroquois in the mid 1600s.[3] Although the Treaty of Paris, signed in 1783, officially ended the American War of Independence against Britain, the Niagara Region did not see many settlers until the paramilitary companies were disbanded from Fort Niagara in 1795, and the soldiers awarded tracts of land. Settlement of the region proceeded westward and south-​​westward from the north-​​eastern corner of the peninsula.

Although the most important entry point was in Queenston where the Niagara River emerged from the gorge, the second most important at this time was the mouth of the Welland River, or Chippewa Creek, entering the Niagara River just above the falls. The Niagara River was just over a mile wide and the crossing at Chippewa—at Navy Island—was the only crossing between Queenston and Fort Erie as, to the north, the falls rapids began, and south, the large Grand Island made any crossing of the river there impossible. At Chippewa long Indian trails extended along the Welland River into the interior—a semi-​​circular route led from the river to Point Abino all the way to the limestone quarry. Although Fort Erie would soon become a major entry point into Upper Canada, its importance in this fashion in 1797 was minimal (Burghardt, 1969).

It is often stated in other publications that these pioneers would be ferried across the Niagara river while their wagon would be floated across. As mentioned previously, these wagons weighed upwards of 1200 pounds empty. Although tar was used to help keep the contents of the wagon dry during rainy weather or stream crossings these wagons were not water proof. The wagon and its contents, along with horses and oxen would have been ferried across the Niagara River. According to Dollarhide (1997), “…boats could be used to ferry wagons and families [from New York] to Upper Canada.” Once safely across the river, as a common practice the household goods were poled up the river or close to the lake shore while the family members and livestock walked or rode on the accompanying trails.

Willoughby Township

King George III wax seal. Photo: Trevor Climenhage
Wax seal attached to the original deed granted by King George III to Henry in 1797.
Photo: Trevor Climenhage

Henry applied for a land grant from King George III three weeks after his arrival. Although he was awarded two-​​hundred acres in Willoughby Township, cross concession, lots 6 and 7,  he did not receive the receipt for this grant until February of 1805; the wax seal from this deed is shown left.

Shortly after their arrival, Henry made a paste board box, commonly used to hold letters, inscribed with his son Martin’s name. The clasp (shown below) is made of a King George III penny.

Although their long journey from Lancaster County to Willoughby was a long and arduous one, the hard work was only just beginning as the land needed to be cleared and crops planted.

letter_box_1797
Paste board box inscribed with son Martin’s name 1797 and a date that looks like June 29. This box may have signified the date of their arrival in Upper Canada. The clasp on the front is made from a King George III penny
Photo: Trevor Climenhage

Henry and his family settled on their land–wooded with deciduous trees. The streams flowed and turned power for many of the mills along their banks. During this time period there was a tendency toward drought in the summer months. Black Creek was likely low and Henry and his family may have encountered a hot summer.

Henry’s 200 acres in Willoughby can be found today on Baker road just west of Sodom road. At the time of his settlement his lands were bordered to the North by brothers Christian and Martin Shoup. Christian Shoup was married to Eve Beyer/​Byers. Christian’s neighbour to the East was his mother-​​in-​​law Anna (Beam) Beyer. Next to her was Anna’s brother Abraham Beam. As stated in previous posts Henry may have been related to the Beyer/​Byers family through marriage.

In 1799 Henry purchased three-​​hundred additional acres of land in Bertie Township from Parshall Terry.[4] Bertie Township is where Henry raised his family, and where his descendants stayed for well over one-​​hundred years. This land is currently owned by the International Country Club of Niagara.

References

Burghardt, A. The origin and development of the road network of the Niagara Peninsula, Ontario, 1770–1851. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 59, 1969.

Dollarhide, W. Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735–1815. Precision Indexing, 1997.

Kirtland, T. Diary of Turhand Kirtland from 1798–1800. While surveying and laying out the Western Reserve for the Connecticut Land Company. (M. L. Morse, Ed.) Poland, Ohio, 1903.

Lund, T. Parshall Terry Family History. Salt Lake City, Utah, 1963.

Pennsylvania’s Conestoga Wagon. American History, 43, 2009.

Suderman, D. Coming to Canada. Mennonite Historical Society of Canada, 1998. Found online at http://​www​.mhsc​.ca.

Wallace, P. Historic Indian Paths of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 76, 1952.

Whitaker, B. Early American Roads and Trails. Kansas City, Missouri, 2002. Found online at http://​freepages​.genealogy​.rootsweb​.ancestry​.com

Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Upper Canada Land Petitions LAC “B” Bundle “Miscellaneous.” Petition Number 17(↵)
  2. Trevor Climenhage, the owner of the wagon jack, is uncertain who the wagin jack belonged to–Henry Climenhagen or Abraham Beam–as he is a descendant of both men. However, the ‘1792’ stamp found on the jack is significant for Henry as this is the year we assume that his indenture ended [based on family folklore]. Abraham Beam, on the other hand, arrived in Upper Canada in 1789, and it is unlikely he would have built such a heavy duty wagon for use in Willoughby. So, if our choice is limited to these two men it makes more sense that the wagon jack belonged to Henry.(↵)
  3. The Neutral band was wiped out by the Iroquois about 1665 and no new native settlements were settled along the Niagara(↵)
  4. Parshall Terry, born February 22nd 1756, was the son of Parshall Terry and Deborah Clark. He was a member of the First Westmoreland Independent Company in 1776, and served with Washington’s army, but deserted January 11th, 1777. Later he joined the British Army and became a Lieutenant in Butler’s Rangers, Royal Greens at Fort Niagara. At the close of the Revolutionary War Parshall Terry was given large holdings by the Crown in Bertie Township. He sold these lands and then settled at Kingston, Newark (Niagara-​​on-​​the-​​Lake), and then York (Toronto) where he was elected to the 1st Parliament of Upper Canada in the riding of Lincoln and Norfolk (Lund, 1963). However, it is unclear at this time if it was Parshall Terry, or his son Parshall Terry (III) junior that sold the land to Henry(↵)
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Mystery Monday: Unknown Man

Unknown Man
Do you recognize me?

Do you recognize me? This is the second installment of the ‘Unidentified Climenhag* Family Relatives’ series. This installment features a young man who may have lived in Welland County, Ontario in the Stevensville/​Ridgeway/​Fort Erie (Bertie Township) area, or the city of Welland. He may also have lived in or near to Buffalo, New York. He was related to Esther (Climenhaga) Philp, daughter of Benjamin Climenhaga, either directly or indirectly through the Philp, Carver, Ruegg, Winger, or Climenhegg families. This photo appears in a Climenhaga family album once thought to belong to Esther Climenhaga.

Posted in Carver, Climenhaga, Climenhegg, Family photos, Mystery Monday, Philp, Ruegg, Winger | 1 Comment

KLEIMENHAGEN’S of Ober-​​Waroldern

As I have mentioned in other posts, Henry Climenhagen, born Johann Henrich Wilhelm Kleimenhagen, spent the first thirty years of his life in Ober-​​Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. This Kleimenhagen family resided in Ober-​​Waroldern for a relatively short time–only three generations. While Henry and his older brother immigrated to America in the later part of the 1700s, the rest of Henry’s family appear to have stayed behind to live out their lives in their German homeland.

Kloster Merxhausen
Merxhausen Abbey
Photo: Armin Schönewolf, 2006

Hieronymus Kleimenhagen had travelled north-​​west from the old Monastery at Merxhausen[1], Bad Emstal, Germany where his father Ernst worked as a master brick-​​maker,[2] to Waldeck, an independent state in Hesse, Germany at that time. Founded in 1213, Merxhausen Abbey was transformed into an asylum for insane and infirm women in 1527. It currently serves as a psychiatric clinic.[3]

Hieronymus (English: Jerome) was born June 23rd 1695[4]–one of six known children of Ernst and Anna Elizabeth Kleimenhagen. Being a middle child there were few options available to him. He did not stand to inherit land or trade. So, in his early twenties, Hieronymus left Merxhausen to make his own way. He soon met and married Catharina Elisabeth Schwindt. They were married at Twiste in Waldeck on April 10th, 1719.[5]  He and his wife settled in the small village of Ober-​​Waroldern which lay to the south of Twiste. Although they had six known children, only two lived to adulthood, namely, Johann Christof Kleimenhagen, and Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen. Hieronymus was a religous man. He was pointedly noted as “Reformed” in the church records (Protestant). His religous affiliation is unknown but it was common practice at this time for some Calvinists to prefer to be called Reformed.[6]

Ober-Waroldern
The village of Ober-​​Waroldern is little changed from the day Henrich Kleimenhagen Left for America in 1789. These timberframe buildings date from the early to mid 18th century
Photo: David Climenhage

Johann Christof, the eldest son, was born in 1725 (baptized April 20th)[7] at Ober-​​Waroldern, and in 1749 was wed to Anna Maria Göel (b 1721) in that village.[8] Together they had eight known children: Catharina Elisabeth (b abt 1750–51), Johann Christoph (b 1750–51), August Christoffel (b 1751–52), Franz Friedrich (b 1753), Johann Henrich (b 1755), Johann Henrich Wilhelm (b 1758), Jeremias Christian (b 1762), and Johannette Catharine (b 1765).

In 1753 Christof senior reportedly owned one of the “Köthnergüter” in Ober-​​Waroldern with an 18 acre “Rottland.“[9] Köthner was a type of farmer who owned a “Kote” (English: Cottage) and only a small area of land (less than 20 acres—18 in this case), normally with a meadow. In fact, ‘Rottland’means fields which have been reclaimed by clearing woods, meadows, or heath areas.[10] Generally, farmers could not make their living by cultivating these small parcels of land and typically had to deliver services to the other landlords. The property, which included the old School house and garden, was passed down from Christof’s grandfather, Johann Heinrich Schwindt, who was director of the school at Ober-​​Waroldern.[11]

The youngest son of Hieronymus, Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen was born August 23rd, 1733.[12] In 1763 he married Catherine Elisabeth Weishaupt at Höringhausen–a small village about 4 km to the south of Ober-​​Waroldern [13] Catherine, the daughter of Johann Christof Weishaupt and Maria Catharina Falck/​Falke, was born August 21st, 1740 at Höringhausen.[14] Together they had four children: Johann Henrich, Marie Elisabeth, Catharine Luise, and Johanne Catharine. Their eldest child and heir, Johann Henrich, was born August 3rd, 1763 at Höringhausen, Waldeck,[15] though he lived in Ober-​​Waroldern from a young age.[16] This particular Henrich is listed in many family trees as the Climenhag* ancestor. However, this cannot be the case as Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen, son of Bernhard, married Maria Catharina Figge, daughter of Johann Wolrad Figge and Maria Catharina Witmar, and had eight children by this union.[17] He died January 9th, 1823 at Berndorf, Waldeck, Germany.[18] There is some evidence that he may have served with the 4th Waldeck regiment in the American War of Independence. The Hetrina names a Henrich Kleimenhagen of Ober-​​Waroldern who was recruited in 1782 and released from duty back in Korbach in 1783.[19] His father Bernhard died 7 Apr 1805 of old age at Freienhagen.[20]

Unexpectedly, Christof, son of Hieronymus, died in February of 1768 at the age of 43, and was buried on the 21st of that month[21]. Hieronymus himself had died in March the previous year.[22] It is presumed that Christof’s brother Bernhard moved his wife and children from Höringhausen to Ober-​​Waroldern to help manage his brother’s estate as Christof’s eldest son, Christoph junior, was just turning 18 years old at that time. In 1769, Catharina Elisabeth, believed to be the eldest child of Christof, wed Johann Gebhard Schneider from Freienhagen, who married into the property.[23] According to the records, Christoph junior was married and living in Korbach by 1785 suggesting he had given up the property in Ober-​​Waroldern prior to this date.[24] Anna Maria (Göel) Kleimenhagen, wife of Christof senior, died 21 June 1777. [25]

There is evidence that Christof senior’s middle son, Johann Henrich, travelled to America in 1776 as a Hessian Mercenary. According to the Hetrina, a kind of military census, Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen came to America as part of the 3rd Waldeck troop to fight for Britain in the American Revolution. [26][27]Although no age is listed in the Hetrina, Johann Henrich would have been 21 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1776 at Korbach [approx 9 km to the west of Ober-​​Waroldern]. He is listed as deserting the 3rd Waldeck Regiment on April 5th, 1777 near Elizabethtown, New Jersey although he may have actually deserted several weeks prior. With his father and mother gone, and no prospects to inherit land, he had no reason to return to Germany. The current working theory is that, after his desertion from the Hessians, he enlisted with the Continental Army under Col Shreive in Westfield, New Jersey (approx. 6 miles from Elizabethtown), March 20th, 1777 under the name Henry Clemens. This individual reportedly finished out the war with the Jersey troop and was released from duty in 1783. There is some evidence that he lived in Baltimore, Maryland for a time before relocating to Warriors Mark, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. In 1787 he appears under the name Henry Clymenhawk in the tax assessment for that year and subsequent tax and census records into the 1830s.

As stated in a previous post, Johann Henrich Wilhelm Kleimenhagen from Ober-​​Waroldern arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in April of 1789 looking for his brother John Henry.[28] Although we don’t know the fates of many of Henry Climenhagen’s other siblings it appears that the Kleimenhagen’s had completely removed themselves from the village of Ober-​​Waroldern by the early 1800s to other small villages and towns in and around Waldeck.

Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Stoecker, Hilmar G. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Twiste. Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein, 1986. “Getraut 10.4.1719 Heironymus Kleimenhagen’ vom Kloster Merxhausen und Kath Elisabeth Schwind aus Ober Waroldern”(↵)
  2. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Merxhausen(↵)
  3. Weiner, Dora B. “The Madman in the Light of Reason. Enlightenment Psychiatry.” In History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, edited by Edwin R. Wallance and John Gach, 281–303 . New York: Springer, 2008.(↵)
  4. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Merxhausen(↵)
  5. Stoecker, Hilmar G. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Twiste. Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein, 1986. “Getraut 10.4.1719 Heironymus Kleimenhagen’ vom Kloster Merxhausen und Kath Elisabeth Schwind aus Ober Waroldern”(↵)
  6. Muller, Richard A. The Unaccommodated Calvin: Studies in the Foundation of a Theological Tradition. Oxford University Press, 2001.(↵)
  7. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Getraut (1749) Johann Christoph Kleimenhagen getauft 20.4.1725, begraben 21.2.1768 und nichts näheres bekannt.”(↵)
  8. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Ober Waroldern(↵)
  9. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Kleimenhagen, Joh. Christoph — 18 Morgen Rottland.”(↵)
  10. Günter Kleimenhagen personal communication(↵)
  11. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Davor Hieronymus Kleimenhagen, davor Hermann Schwind, Jakob Keuling. 1769 heiratete ein Friedrich , Schneider aus Freienhagen in das Gut ein. Hat Garten an der Walme. Heute Heinrich Schneider (Jepparts) 18 Morgen Rottland, im Hausstätten, Heinemanns Kopf, Heinzenberg, Gilbecke, am hohlen Weg, am Birnbaum, 2 Pferde, 1 Kuh, I Rind. Zahlt keine Rottsteuer, weil sie vom Gut schon Abgaben und Dienste entrichten.(↵)
  12. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Getraut 8.6.1763 Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen getauft 23.8.1733 und Catharine Elisabeth Weishaupt geboren 21.8.1740 Höringhausen. (Tochter des Johann Christoph Weishaupt und der Maria Catharina Falke, Höringhausen.”(↵)
  13. Sauer, Friedrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Höringhausen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1975.(↵)
  14. Sauer, Friedrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Höringhausen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1975.(↵)
  15. Sauer, Friedrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Höringhausen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1975.(↵)
  16. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Kirchberg(↵)
  17. Graf, Heinrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Berndorf. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1989.(↵)
  18. Graf, Heinrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Berndorf. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1989.(↵)
  19. Waldecker Truppen Im Amerikanischen Unabheangigkeitskreig (Hetrina): Index nach Familiennamen. (Marburg: Archivschule) (Veroeffentlichungen der Archivschule Marburg, Institut fuer Archivwissenschaft, Nr. 10) Band V. Marburg, 1976.(↵)
  20. Baum, Herbert, et al. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Freienhagen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1993.(↵)
  21. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  22. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  23. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  24. Schröder-​​Kleimenhagen, Ilsa. Namensträgerinnen und –träger der Familie Kleimenhagen aus Korbach von der 2.Hälfte des 18.Jahrhunderts bis heute, nd(↵)
  25. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-​​Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  26. Burgoyne, Bruce E. The Third English-​​Waldeck Regiment in the American Revolutionary War. Heritage Books, 2009.(↵)
  27. Waldecker Truppen Im Amerikanischen Unabheangigkeitskreig (Hetrina): Index nach Familiennamen. (Marburg: Archivschule) (Veroeffentlichungen der Archivschule Marburg, Institut fuer Archivwissenschaft, Nr. 10) Band V. Marburg, 1976.(↵)
  28. Climenhage, James. “Finding Henrich: The Story of the Climenhag* Ancestor,” Climenhaga, Climenhage, Climenhegg & Glimanhaga, The genealogy and family research site of James Climenhage, modified 13 Feb 2013 (http://​www​.jamesclimenhage​.com/​2​0​1​3​/​0​1​/​1​8​/​f​i​n​d​i​n​g​ -​h​e​n​r​i​c​h​-​​​t​h​e​-​​​s​t​o​r​y​-​​​o​f​-​​​t​h​e​-​​​c​l​i​m​e​n​h​a​g​-​​​ a​n​c​e​s​t​or).(↵)
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