15 Days (Pt. 1): Chief Henry CLIMINGHAWK

15 daysHenry Climing­hawk died in 1837. He was buried on the Pres­by­ter­ian side of the Birm­ing­ham ceme­tery in Hunt­ing­don County, Penn­syl­va­nia. In War­riors Mark Town­ship, where Henry resided for 50 years, a leg­end has grown up around him. It is said, by some, that Henry “Climb­ing Hawk” was “Chief of the Bald Eagle Indi­ans”,[1] and a scout for the Amer­i­cans dur­ing the Rev­o­lu­tion­ary war—he was even said to have fought against the Indi­ans.[2] This cer­tainly has the mak­ings of an inter­est­ing Hol­ly­wood movie, but how much of this leg­end, if any, is true? Was Henry Climing­hawk a Native Amer­i­can Chief, and did he fight in the Amer­i­can Rev­o­lu­tion­ary War against the Indi­ans? In a series of posts I will be look­ing at the var­i­ous aspects of the life of Henry Climing­hawk. To be up-front, I am going to argue that Climing­hawk was not an Indian Chief, but was instead a for­mer Hes­s­ian sol­dier named Johann Hen­rich Kleimen­hagen who deserted from the 3rd English-Waldeck Reg­i­ment in 1777. And, that he sub­se­quently joined, and served out the rest of the war, with the Amer­i­can Con­ti­nen­tal Army before find­ing his way to Warrior’s Mark, Penn­syl­va­nia in the late 1780s.

Foot­notes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Eliz­a­beth Nearhoof. Echoes from War­riors Mark, Penn­syl­va­nia and sur­round­ing areas. Self pub­lished, 1968.(↵)
  2. Altoona Mir­ror, Altoona Penn­syl­va­nia, 3 July 1991, p. 14.(↵)
Posted in Kleimenhagen, Revolutionary War, Warriors Mark | Leave a comment

GLIMANHAGA Gleanings from Indiana Newspapers 1850–1924

What fol­lows are glean­ings from Indi­ana news­pa­pers per­tain­ing to the Giman­haga fam­ily after they arrived in Elkhart, Indi­ana in the late 1840s. I had intended to write this infor­ma­tion in story form, and I may still do that, but it’s inter­est­ing read­ing, in its own right I think, “as is.” Enjoy!

1850 (Jul 3). LIST OF LETTERS Remain­ing in the Post Office, at Goshen July 1st, 1850. Kli­nen­hage, Moses.[1]

1865 (Oct 7). LIST OF LETTERS REMAINING IN THE POST OFFICE at Elkhart, Oct. 7th, 1865: Gluman­haga Adam.[2]

1870 (Jun 2). LIST OF LETTERS Remain­ing in the Post Office, at Elkhart, Ind., June 2d, 1870: Gli­men­haga A S.[3]

1871 (Apr 20). Henry Culp to A. Gly­man­haga, 10 acres in w ½ sw ¼ sec 20 tp 36, range 5–$360.[4]

1874 (Dec 30). LIST OF LETTERS Remain­ing in the Post Office, at Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 30, 1874: Gli­man­haga Adam.[5]

1875 (Feb 16). LIST OF LETTERS Remain­ing in the Post Office, at Elkhart, Feb 16, 1875. Gli­men­haga miss M C.[6]

1875 (Jul 15). GLIMANHAGA.—On Wednes­day, July 14th, at his res­i­dence in Har­ri­son town­ship of dropsy, Moses Gli­man­haga, aged 74 years. Mr. Gli­man­haga was one of the first set­tlers of this county, and leaves a respectable fam­ily to mourn his loss. Funeral ser­vices will be held at the yel­low creek Men­non­ite Church, on Fri­day, July 16th, at 10 o’clock A.M.[7]

1875 (Aug). KLIMENHAGE. In Elkhart Co., Ind., on the 15th of July, 1875, of Dropsy, Bro. MOSES KLIMENHAGE, aged 72 years, 11 months and 27 days. He was born in Bardi town­ship, in the vicin­ity of Black Creek, Ontario, on the 17th of July 1802, removed to Ohio in 1840 and from there to Elkhart county, Ind., in 1848. He was mar­ried 47 years, had 11 chil­dren, five sons and six daugh­ters, two sons and five daugh­ters are still liv­ing. He was a man of great patience and meek­ness, he was a con­sis­tent mem­ber of the church and was uni­ver­sally beloved and respected. He bore his severe afflic­tions with the most exem­plary sub­mis­sion to his Heav­enly Father’s will. He felt pre­pared for the end, and longed for the time when he should be released from suf­fer­ing and received to glory. Peace to his ashes. Text, 2 Cor. 4:17, 18.[8]

1883 (Jan 25). Cather­ine Gli­man­hage to Alpha B. Culp, 39 acres in Har­ri­son tp., $2,000.[9]

1883 (Oct 4). Mrs. Catharine Gli­man­haga is still very poorly.[10]

1883 (Oct 15). GLIMANHAGE. On the 6th of Octo­ber, in Har­ri­son tp., Elkhart Co., Ind., of a pro­tracted ill­ness, Sis­ter Catharine, widow of the late Moses Gli­man­hage, who died some eight years ago. She was born in Markham tp., York county, Ontario, and reached the advanced age of 74 years, 1 month and 15 days. She was mar­ried on the 29th of April 1828 and was the mother of 11 chil­dren, 7 of whom are still liv­ing, 9 grand chil­dren of whom 4 are yet liv­ing. She removed from Canada to Put­man county, to the place where she died. She was a faith­ful and devoted Chris­t­ian, a kind and ten­der hearted mother and suf­fered with meek­ness and patience, endur­ing faith­fully to the end. Her afflic­tion falls heav­ily on the sor­row­ing fam­ily but tis God who bereft, and he can heal all their sor­rows. She was buried on Sun­day Oct. 7th. A large con­course of rel­a­tives and friends fol­lowed her to the grave. Ser­vices at Yel­low Creek Meeting-house by J. F. Funk and Noah Met­zler from 3 John 2 v. Peace to her ashes.[11]

1883 (Oct 25). Catharine Gli­man­haga to John W. Pletcher, 80 a in Har­ri­son tp., $2,000.[12]

1883 (Nov 15). Adam Gli­men­haga to L. M. McCoy, 10 a in Har­ri­son tp, $500.[13]

1884. Among those who vis­ited Dr. F. L. Miles for med­ical treat­ment, yes­ter­day, were Miss Catharine Gli­man­haga, Goshen…[14]

1886 (Mar 18). A.S. Gli­man­haga to Jacob G. Wenger, 40 acres in Har­ri­son twp., $2,800.[15] [16]

1886 (Sep 30). Abra­ham Klimenhaga’s barn, in Har­ri­son town­ship, was struck by light­ning, about 4 o’clock this morn­ing, set of fire and entirely destroyed, together with four horses and other prop­erty. Loss about $2,500, with insur­ance of $600.[17]

1886 (Sep 30). The large bank barn of Abra­ham Gli­man­haga, liv­ing one mile west of Har­ri­son Cen­ter, was struck by light­ning this morn­ing at about four o’clock, and was burned with all its con­tents. Four horses, thirty bushels of clover seed with the wagon on which it was loaded, all his wheat and oats, which were threshed lately, and the hay, fell a prey to the devour­ing flames. The farm­ing imple­ments and corn were in other build­ings and were saved. There was some insur­ance in the mutual aid association—Goshen Times.[18]

1888 (Jul 19). Abra­ham and Lydia Gli­man­haga vis­ited with D. A. Lehman and fam­ily over Sun­day. Miss Gli­man­haga will visit friends at this place for a few days.[19]

1889 (Sep 26). Cur­tis A. Free­land and Ella M. Shel­len­berger, Henry Canen and Edith Gli­men­haga, William A. Kantz and Hat­tie E. Mitchell have been licensed to marry.[20]

1891 (Mar 13). Adam Gli­man­haga to Geo & Esther Rellinger land in Har­ri­son tp $150.[21] [22] [23] [24] [25]

1891 (Jun 4). Lydia Gli­men­haga lost a black shawl last week between Wakarusa and Shriver’s school house. The finder will please leave it at Dr. Sensenich’s office.[26]

1891 (Oct 16). Adam Gli­man­haga, aged 62, died last night at his home eight miles west of Goshen. Funeral tomor­row at ten o’clock at the Men­non­ite ceme­tery. His death was the result of a stroke of paral­y­sis.[27] [28]

1891 (Nov 1). GLIMENHAGE. ­ On the 15th of Octo­ber 1891, in Elkhart county, Indi­ana, of heart dis­ease, Adam Gli­men­hage, aged 59 years, 10 months and 27 days. He leaves a sor­row­ing com­pan­ion in fee­ble health and three daugh­ters, brother and four sis­ters to mourn his death. He was taken sud­denly on Mon­day morn­ing pre­vi­ous. He went out of the house where he fell and became uncon­scious, in which con­di­tion he remained to the time of his death. He was a kind-hearted quiet man, respected and beloved by all who knew him. He was buried on the 18th. Funeral ser­vices were held at the chapel, and the bur­ial took place at Yel­low Creek. The funeral pro­ces­sion arrived at the church just as the funeral ser­vices of Solomon Culp were con­cluded and the two cas­kets were placed together and the immense con­gre­ga­tion, formed by the two funer­als, passed by the two cas­kets at the same time, pre­sent­ing a very impres­sive scene.[29]

1892 (Feb 1). On the 22d of Dec. 1891, in Elkhart county, Indi­ana, sud­denly of heart dis­ease, Edith May Gli­man­hage, wife of Henry Canon, aged 18 years, 6 months and 18 days. She was buried on Christ­mas day at Yel­low Creek Men­non­ite Meeting-house, where ser­vices were held by C.L. Richart and George Lam­bert. She felt unwell dur­ing the forenoon and after din­ner when her sis­ter came to see her she sat down on the bed con­vers­ing with her sis­ter with her infant in her arms and fell over and died. Be ye also ready for in such as hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.[30]

1894 (Jan 25). Regina Gli­man­haga to Esther Rellinger, land in Har­ri­son twp., $520.[31] [32]

1894 (May 10). Mrs. Louis Shi­et­zly, of near Syra­cuse, died a few days ago aged sixty five years. Her maiden name was Bar­bara Gli­men­haga. She was born in Canada and came with her par­ents to Har­ri­son town­ship, Elkhart county, when 12 years of age. She was mar­ried to Mr. Shi­et­zly in 1861, who died in 1884. She has an only child, Mrs. B.F. Kit­son, who sur­vives her.[33]

1894 (Jun 1). SHEETSLEY.-On the 25th of April 1894, in Turkey Creek Twp., Kosciusko Co., Ind., of a can­cer, Bar­bara, widow of the late Lewis Sheet­s­ley (who died some ten years ago), aged 65 y., 18 d. She was born in Markham Twp., York Co., Ont., and mar­ried in 1860. She was the mother of one child, and 4 grand­chil­dren. Her maiden name was Cli­men­hage. She was a mem­ber of the Evan­gel­i­cal denom­i­na­tion. Her last words were, “all is well with me.” Buried April 27 at Byers M.H. Ser­vices by Pre. Myers from Rev. 7:14.[34]

1894 (Oct 31). Regina Gli­man­haga to Mary C Shine 16 acres in Har­ri­son tp $650.[35] [36] [37] [38]

1895 (Feb). Arvilla, wife of Adam Cli­men­haga of Har­ri­son town­ship, died Wednes­day morn­ing of dropsy. The deceased was sixty-five years of age and leaves a fam­ily of chil­dren. The funeral ser­vices were con­ducted by Rev. Lehman at the Yel­low Creek church.[39]

1895 (Feb 20). Mrs. Adam Cli­men­haga, of Har­ri­son town­ship, died last Wednes­day. She was 65 years of age.[40]

1895 (Feb 21). Obit­u­ary of Mrs. Gli­man­haga. Mrs. Adam Gli­man­haga died at the res­i­dence of her daugh­ter, Mrs. Geo. Rellinger, five and one half miles north-east of Wakarusa, Feb, 12th, aged 63 years and 11 months. Mrs. Gli­man­haga was the eldest daugh­ter of the late I.C. Ben­nett and was born in Canada, near Toronto, in 1832. In 1856 she with her par­ents came to this county, and a year later was mar­ried to Adam Gli­man­haga, who died some years ago. She was a great suf­ferer for years, but she bore it all with Chris­t­ian for­ti­tude often remark­ing that she ought to be will­ing to bear some suf­fer­ing since Christ suf­fered so much for her. She was laid to rest beside her hus­band in the ceme­tery at Yel­low Creek on Feb. 15th.[41]

1895 (Mar 15). GLIMENHAGA. ­ On the 12th of Feb­ru­ary 1895, in Har­ri­son Twp., Elkhart Co., Ind., Regina Gli­men­haga, daugh­ter of Isaac and Mary Ben­nett, aged 62 y., 11 m., 1 d. Buried on the 15th at Yel­low Creek M. H. Funeral ser­vices by J. S. Lehman and J. F. Funk. Peace be to her ashes.[42]

1904 (May 22). Albert Gly­men­hagh, aged 65, died in Har­ri­son town­ship today.[43]

1904 (May 24). Abra­ham Gly­men­hagy, an old res­i­dent of Har­ri­son town­ship, died Sun­day night at his home. He was about 65 years of age. The funeral will be held Wednes­day at 10 o’clock from the house.[44]

1904 (Jun 2). GLIMANHAGY.-On May 22, 1904, in Har­ri­son Twp., Elkhart Co., Ind., of paral­y­sis, Abra­ham Gli­man­hagy, aged 73 Y., 11 M., 20 D. He was born in Markham, Canada, June 2, 1830. He moved with his par­ents to Put­nam Co., Ohio, in 1840, and in 1848 they moved to Elkhart Co., Ind., on the farm where he died. There were eleven chil­dren in this fam­ily, five sons and six daugh­ters, of whom only four daugh­ters sur­vive. Father and mother died a num­ber of years ago, and the one brother and four sis­ters (all unmar­ried) occu­pied the old home. Bro. Abra­ham was a faith­ful mem­ber of the Men­non­ite church for a num­ber of years, and was one of those quiet, inof­fen­sive fol­low­ers of the Lamb, that had won the love and respect of all who knew him. He was buried at the Yel­low Creek M .H. on the 25th. His funeral was largely attended. Ser­vices were con­ducted by John F. Funk and Jonas Loucks, from 2 Cor. 5:1. May God com­fort the sur­viv­ing sis­ters, who are all in fee­ble health, and keep them as under the shadow of his wing, until they, too, shall be called to their eter­nal rest.[45]

1904 (Nov 18). Samuel C. Har­ring­ton com­mis­sioner, to Fanny Gli­man­haga et al., 133 acres in Har­ri­son tp., $660.[46] [47] [48]

1905 (Oct 11). GLIMANHAGA. On Octo­ber 3, 1905, at her home near Wakarusra, Ind., of paral­y­sis, Anna Gli­man­haga, aged 66 years, 5 months and 5 days. One brother and four sis­ters have been mak­ing their home together for many years. A lit­tle over a year ago the brother died, and now one of the sis­ters. She leaves three sis­ters and other rel­a­tives to mourn her depar­ture. Funeral ser­vices at the Yel­low Creek M.H., Oct. 5, by J.F. Funk and Jonas Loucks.[49]

1906 (Jul 24). WILL OF ANNA GLIMANHAGA Is Pro­bated Today and Dis­poses of Her Estate. The will of Anna Gli­man­haga of Wakarusa, was pro­bated today. It was exe­cuted Aug. 2, 1904, and wit­nessed by Samuel S. Har­ring­ton and Aaron S. Sensenich. Mr. Sensenich is named an execu­tor. After suit­able bur­ial expenses are paid, the prop­erty is to be equally divided among the three sis­ters of the deceased: Lydia, Cather­ine, and Fanny Gli­man­haga. They are to hold it for life and upon the death of one the oth­ers are to inherit her share. After they are all dead, the estate is to be equally divided between Mary A. Kit­son, the daugh­ter of Bar­bara Shee­z­ley, a sis­ter of the deceased and the three chil­dren of Adam Gli­man­haga. No esti­mate of the value of the estate is given in the doc­u­ment.[50]

1908 (May 9). GLIMANHAGE. On April 24, 1908, in Elkhart Co., Ind., of lin­ger­ing dis­ease, Sis­ter Lydia Gli­man­hage, passed away; aged 65 y. 10m. 22d. She was born June 2, 1842. The fam­ily emi­grated to Indi­ana from Canada in the early set­tle­ments of Elkhart county. She was the third mem­ber of this fam­ily that was called away by death within the past four years, and one of four sis­ters and one brother who all lived unmar­ried on the old home­stead where the par­ents lived and died. Two sis­ters, both in fee­ble health, sur­vive. One mar­ried brother and one mar­ried sis­ter have also passed away in the years past. Funeral ser­vices were held on Sun­day, Apr. 26, at the Yel­low Creek M. H., where ser­vices were con­ducted by John F. Funk and Jonas Loucks from Rev. 7:13–17. The funeral was largely attended.[51]

1908 (June 9). Will Pro­bated. The last will of Lydia Gli­man­haga of Har­ri­son town­ship was pro­bated today. The will was drawn August 2, 1904. All prop­erty is left to her sis­ters, Anna, Cather­ine and Fanny Gli­man­haga, dur­ing their life, and after their death, the residue passes half to Mary A. Kit­son, daugh­ter of Bar­bara Shet­z­ley nee Gli­man­haga, and half to Mary C. Shine, Esther Rellinger and Orville and Gertrude Canen, chil­dren of the late Edith Gli­man­haga Canen. Aaron S. Sensen­nich is named execu­tor.[52]

1908 (Nov 19). TO QUIET TITLE. In the Cir­cuit Court of Elkhart County, State of Indi­ana, ss: DECEMBER 1908 TERM. FANNY GLIMANHAGA, CATHARINE GLIMENHAGA vs. MICHAEL MILLER, —– MILLER, whose chris­t­ian name is unknown, wife or widow, as the case maybe, of Michael Miller, deceased. The unknown heirs, lega­tees, devisees of Michael Miller, deceased. [Cause No. 12266 Quiet Title]. Be it known, That on this 16th day of Novem­ber in the year 1908 the above name plain­tiffs by their attor­neys, filed in the office of the Clerk of the Elkhart Cir­cuit Court a com­plaint against said defen­dants in the above enti­tled cause, together with an affi­davit of a com­pe­tent per­son, that the plain­tiffs have a mer­i­to­ri­ous cause of action against said defen­dants to quiet title to real estate and that the defen­dants, Michael Miller, —– Miller, whose Chris­t­ian name is unknown, wife or widow, as the case may be of Michael Miller, deceased, the unknown heirs, lega­tees and devisees of said Michael Miller, deceased are not res­i­dents of the state of Indi­ana. Said defen­dants are there­fore hereby noti­fied of the fil­ing and pen­dency of said com­plaint against them and unless they appear and answer or demur thereto at the call­ing of said cause on the 11th day of Jan­u­ary 1909, the same being the 25th Judi­cial day of the Decem­ber 1908 term of said court to be begun and held at the Court House in Goshen, on the 2nd Mon­day in Decem­ber next: said com­plaint and the mat­ters and things therein con­tained and alleged, will be heard and deter­mined in their absence. GEO. W. FLEMING, Clerk Elkhart Cir­cuit Cours. Chas. O. Betch­tel, Davis & Shae­fer l Attor­neys for plain­tiff.[53]

1909 (Apr 30). …That the assess­ments against said lands in Har­ri­son, Con­cord and Olive Town­ships in Elkhart County, Indi­ana, are as fol­lows, to-wit: Gly­men­haga, Fan­nie, Anna, Lydia and Catherine….$50.00.[54]

1910 (Apr 7). Wakarusa Plays a Con­spic­u­ous Part in the Civil War When Vol­un­teers are Called. Those Who Never Returned, Killed in Bat­tle, Died in Hos­pi­tals and Pris­ons or of Wounds: Michael Gli­men­haga 74th Ind. [Note: Died Mar. 19, 1863 Murfrees­boro, Ruther­ford County Ten­nessee, USA][55]

1911 (Feb 13). Noah S. Hoover has been appointed guardian for Fan­nie and Cather­ine Gli­men­haga, own­ers of 160 acres of land near Wakarusa, and alleged to be incom­pe­tent to man­age it.[56]

1911 (Feb 28). Noah S. Yoder refused to qual­ify as guardian for Fan­nie and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga and Ira S. Burns was appointed today.[57]

1911 (Mar 9). Irvin E. Burns, guardian of Fan­nie and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, who early in the term were declared of unsound mind, this morn­ing filed an inven­tory of their per­sonal prop­erty, the value of which was fixed at $150. Rentals from their real estate he found were bring­ing in $123.60 per year.[58]

1912 (Jul 4) Anna Hart­man, Susan Het­rick and Mrs. I. S. Burns were clean­ing house for the Gli­man­haga sis­ters sev­eral days last week.[59]

1916 (Sep 13). Irvin S. Burns, rural route No. 5, Goshen, guardian of Fan­nie Gli­man­haga and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, unsound, filed his res­ig­na­tion and final report, which were accepted and approved.[60] [61]

1916 (Sep 21). Joseph Loucks was today granted let­ters as guardian of Fan­nie and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, fill­ing a bond of $1,500.[62]

1917 (Jan 4). GLIMANHAGA. Veron­ica (or Fan­nie) Gli­man­haga was born in Ontario, Feb. 2, 1835; died in Elkhart Co., Ind., Dec. 13, 1916; aged 81 y. 10 m. 11 d. She leaves to mourn her depar­ture a sis­ter and other rel­a­tives. She with the sur­viv­ing sis­ter lived together for many years on the farm where she died. She had been in fee­ble health for years. She united with the Men­non­ite Church over fifty years ago and remained faith­ful to the end. Funeral ser­vices were con­ducted at the Yel­low Creek Church on Dec. 16, by Jacob K. Bixler from the text II Cor. 5:1.[63]

1917 (Feb 16). WILL IS FILED. The will of Fan­nie Gli­man­haga, who died at her home in Har­ri­son town­ship on Decem­ber 13, has been filed for pro­bate.[64]

1919 (Jun 24). COURT HEARS ARGUMENTS ON ACTION OF GUARDIAN IN REGARD TO LAND DEAL. The time of the supe­rior court was taken this forenoon with argu­ments for and against motions to dis­miss pro­ceed­ings in which Fan­nie and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga are inter­ested. They are wards of John Loucks and were deeded a life inter­est in a farm for their sup­port. Pro­ceed­ings have been insti­tuted by oth­ers who are inter­ested in the farm to have the con­veyance set aside. It was this phase of the con­tro­versy that was con­sid­ered today. Judge Hile took the mat­ter under advise­ment.[65]

1921 (Feb 17). TWO FARM HOUSES LEVELED BY FIRE. Prop­erty Under Lit­i­ga­tion Because of Trans­fer by Guardian Suf­fers Big Loss. Two large two-story frame houses on what is known as the Gli­nan­haga farm, seven miles south of Elkhart and just west of the Prairie street road—which prop­erty is now in litigation—were com­pletely destroyed by fire, together with their con­tents, about 5 o’clock yes­ter­day after­noon. The loss is esti­mated at $5,000, par­tially cov­ered by insur­ance. As explained in The Truth a few days ago, the farm, now reduced to 80 acres, was once the prop­erty of four spin­ster sisters—Anna, Lydia, Cather­ine and Fan­nie Glinanhaga—and each made a will leav­ing her inter­ests to the oth­ers and finally to Mary Kit­son, a niece, and the chil­dren of a nephew, Adam Gli­nen­haga; all the sis­ters died but Cather­ine, now 80 years old, and when she was declared of unsound mind Jonas Loucks was appointed guardian; then he, with the court’s approval three years ago, deeded the prop­erty to his son-in-law and wife, Ira and Emma Christophel to reim­burse them for car­ing for Cather­ine dur­ing the remain­der of her life. Mrs. Kit­son et al. recently filed action to set aside the trans­fer to Christophel, and after the issues were argued two and a half days in the supe­rior court Judge Hile took the case under advise­ment. The Christophel fam­ily has been liv­ing in one of the dwellings on the place, and the aged ward has been occu­py­ing the other. FIRE STARTED BY SPARKS. About an hour before the dis­cov­ery of the blaze yes­ter­day, Mr. Christophel returned from Goshen and built a fire in one of the stoves of the house occu­pied by his fam­ily. It is thought sparks from this chim­ney ignited the roof. The blaze spread so rapidly the fam­ily had no time to res­cue any of the con­tents and a high wind quickly car­ried brands to the other house. It, too, was soon beyond sav­ing. Mrs. Christophel with her five-week-old baby and four other chil­dren, and Miss Gli­nan­haga were taken to the Eli Zim­mer­man home on an adjoin­ing farm, where they are still stop­ping. The farm (with its build­ings that are now destroyed) was val­ued at $10,000.[66]

1921 (Feb 28). COURT CALLED TO UNDO TRANSFER. Guardian’s Act in Deed­ing Ward’s Farm to His Own Kin is Attacked by Rel­a­tives. At the con­clu­sion of a trial that occu­pied the atten­tion of the supe­rior court two and one-half days Judge Hile took under advise­ment the case of Mary A. Kit­son, et al. against Jonas Loucks (guardian of Cather­ine Gli­men­haga) and Ira and Emma Christophel to set aside the con­veyance of 80 acres of land in Har­ri­son town­ship, which is val­ued at $10,000, by Loucks as guardian of Cather­ine Gli­men­haga, to Ira and Emma Christophel, his son-in-law and daugh­ter. The con­veyance was to reim­burse the last named for car­ing for Cather­ine Gli­men­haga dur­ing the remain­der of her life­time. She was about 75 years old when the con­veyance was made. Many irreg­u­lar­i­ties are alleged in the trans­ac­tion. Some of the pre­lim­i­nar­ies to the court action are of inter­est. Anna, Lydia, Cather­ine and Fan­nie Gli­men­haga, spin­sters, owned and lived on the Har­ri­son town­ship farm, orig­i­nally 120 acres. On August 2, 1904, each made a will grant­ing to her other three sis­ters her inter­est in the farm dur­ing life­time, with a pro­vi­sion that after the death of all of then the estate was to go to Mary A. Kit­son, a niece, and to the chil­dren of Adam Gli­men­haga, a nephew. Anna and Lydia Gli­men­haga died soon after the wills were drawn. In 1916 Cather­ine and Fan­nie Gli­men­haga were declared of unsound mind, and Loucks was appointed as their guardian. Fan­nie died the next year. Just prior to her death Loucks, who is said to be a Men­non­ite min­is­ter and pas­tor of the church where the peti­tion­ers and wards wor­ship, filed a peti­tion for the con­veyance of the real estate, sub­ject to an indebt­ed­ness of $2,800, but with $500 extra funds to apply on the debt, to his son-in-law and daugh­ter. This later was approved by the court and the trans­fer took place. Cather­ine Gli­men­haga is now about 80 years old. L.W. Vail of Goshen and Raymer & Olds of this city were retained by the peti­tion­ers and Deahl & Deahl and T.A. Davis of Goshen rep­re­sented the defen­dants.[67]

1921 (Apr 8). COURT VOIDS ACT OF A GUARDIAN. Orders John Loucks to Undo Con­veyance of Ward’s Prop­erty to His Own Rel­a­tives. In the case of Esther Gli­man­haga, Mary Kit­son, Mary Shine, Orville Canen and Gertrud Myers against Jonas Loucks, guardian of Fan­nie and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, sis­ters of unsound mind, to set aside a con­veyance by Loucks to Ira and Emma Christophel, of 80 acres of Har­ri­son town­ship land owned by his wards, Judge W.B. Hile yes­ter­day made an order set­ting aside the con­veyance and a con­tract on which the con­veyance was based. All orders and decrees made in favor of Loucks as guardian were also set aside. Loucks was given per­mis­sion to file an amended peti­tion to sell the real estate. The case has been in court four years. The land is val­ued at $200 an acre. Two houses on the farm burned last fall fol­low­ing the hear­ing before Judge Hile, entail­ing a loss off sev­eral thou­sand dol­lars with but $1,200 insur­ance. The Christophels have spent sev­eral thou­sand dol­lars in improve­ments on the place, and the ques­tion of their reim­burse­ment is one that is likely to cause fur­ther legal com­pli­ca­tions, it is said. HISTORY OF THE CASE. Orig­i­nally there were four unmar­ried Gli­man­haga sis­ters who owned undi­vided inter­ests in the farm. They each made a will leav­ing her inter­est to the sur­viv­ing sis­ters. Two died, leav­ing Fanny and Cather­ine own­ers of the farm. A guardian was appointed to man­age their affairs. He resigned and Loucks was appointed. His daugh­ter, Emma, was mar­ried to Ira Christophel. Soon after Loucks became guardian he secured from the supe­rior court per­mis­sion to enter into a con­tract for the sale of the land. He then sold the land to his son-in-law and a daugh­ter. It was rep­re­sented to the court, it was charged, that Loucks did not show the rela­tion­ship of the Christophels to him: nei­ther was it shown that what­ever of the prop­erty might be left when the sis­ters were all dead, was to go to resid­uary lega­tees, the peti­tion­ers. These peti­tion­ers are nephews and nieces of the Gli­man­haga sis­ters. It was averred that the peti­tion­ers had no notice of the court pro­ceed­ings and there­fore were not bound, and that the con­tract and con­veyance were fraud­u­lent and void and that the guardian had no right to barter the prop­erty away. L.W. Vail of Goshen and Raymer & Olds of this city rep­re­sented the peti­tion­ers and Tom Davis and Deahl & Deahl of Goshen rep­re­sented the guardian and the Chrsi­tophels.[68]

1921 (May 6). COURT GIVES NEW LEAVE FOR SALE OF GLIMANHAGA FARM. The Gli­man­haga guardian­ship case occu­pied the atten­tion of Judge W.B. Hile in the supe­rior court again today. It came up this time in the form of a report from Jonas Loucks, guardian of Fan­nie (now dead) and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, and in the fil­ing of claims against the estate by him, and by Ira and Anne Christophel, his son-in-law and daugh­ter. A recent deci­sion by the court was that a sale of the 80-acre farm of the Gli­man­hagas in Har­ri­son town­ship to the Christophels was void because of irreg­u­lar­i­ties and the sale was set aside with per­mis­sion for the guardian to amend his peti­tion for per­mis­sion to sell and begin over again. This peti­tion was filed today and along with it was a claim by the guardian for $2,949.12 for money he has expended in pay­ing inter­est, taxes, etc. The claim of the Christophels is for $6,164.38, and is for money expended in repairs to build­ings, the erec­tion of a barn, rebuild­ing fences, care of Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, etc. Fan­nie Gli­man­haga died in 1916. The two houses on the place were burned last win­ter. The value of the land is placed at $7,200. The indebt­ed­ness, includ­ing the claims, is placed at $9,268.21. Per­mis­sion to sell was granted; bond being fixed at $15,000.[69] [70]

1921 (Dec 15). Judge Hile has announced his deci­sion in the case of Ira and Emma Christophel against the estate of Cather­ine Gli­man­haga to recover the money expended in improve­ments made on the farm of Miss Gli­man­haga and for care of her and an invalid sis­ter. The Christophels asked for $6,167, and the court awards them $4,278.40.[71]

1921 (Dec 15). Court Ren­ders Judg­ment In Notable Estate Case. Judge Hiles in the supe­rior court yes­ter­day announced his deci­sion in the case of Ira Christophel against the estate of Cather­ine Gli­man­haga to recover for money expended in improve­ments made on the farm of Miss Gli­man­haga and for care of her and an invalid sis­ter. The Christophels asked for $6,167, and the court awards them $4,278.40. The Gli­man­haga estate is one of the old­est in the guardian­ship docket of the supe­rior court and has been the cause of much lit­i­ga­tion. It con­sisted orig­i­nally of an 80-acre farm in Har­ri­son town­ship on which were two dwelling houses. It was owned by four Gli­man­haga sis­ters, all unmar­ried. All but Cather­ine are dead. As the other three sis­ters one after another died, she left a will in which she bequeathed her undi­vided share on the estate to her sur­viv­ing sis­ters for life with a pro­vi­sion that any por­tion of her share remain­ing after the death of the last sur­viv­ing sis­ter should go to nephews and nieces as resid­uary lega­tees. In 1917 con­di­tions had become such at the home of the two sis­ters then liv­ing that neigh­bors insisted some­thing should be done to see that they were pro­vided for prop­erly. Jonas Loucks of Wakarusa was at that time guardian of the sis­ters. Tes­ti­mony at the hear­ing was that he con­sulted an attor­ney who advised him to peti­tion the supe­rior court for per­mis­sion to sell the farm, pay off any incum­ber­ances, and use the remain­der of the fund to care for the sis­ters. This was done and per­mis­sion was obtained from the court to sell the farm. The peti­tion erro­neously set out that the sis­ters owned the farm in fee sim­ple. Loucks sold the place to his son-in-law and daugh­ter, Mr. and Mrs. Christophel, giv­ing them a guardian’s deed for it which the court approved. The Christophel’s took pos­ses­sion of the place, built a barn on it, improved it in other ways and cared for the Gli­man­haga sis­ters. This they con­tin­ued to do for four years and four months, the evi­dence showed. In the mean­time one of the sis­ters died, leav­ing a will sim­i­lar to those of the two sis­ters who had pre­ceded her. In the mean­time W.B. Hile had become judge. Attor­neys for the resid­uary lega­tees brought suit to set aside the deed con­vey­ing the farm to the Christophels on the ground that they should have been made par­ties when the peti­tion was filed for per­mis­sion to sell the farm but were not made par­ties, this hav­ing had no notice that a sale of real estate in which they had an inter­est was to be made, Judge Hile set the deed aside. Then came the suit to recover for money spent and for labor in the care of the sis­ters, with the result as announced by the court yes­ter­day. While these events were tran­spir­ing the dwelling houses on the farm burned. Insur­ance of $1,200 was col­lected. Through a proper pro­ceed­ing the farm was sold for $11,700 with which to pay lia­bil­i­ties and for the care of Cather­ine Gli­man­haga as long as she lives. After her death the remain­der of the fund will for the resid­uary lega­tees, the nephews and nieces, of whom there are four. [72]

1922 (Jan 28). NEW GUARDIAN NAMED. William Ever­est was appointed guardian for Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, suc­ceed­ing Jonas Loucks, resigned. Mr. Loucks turned over a bal­ance of $1,394.64 to Mr. Ever­est, who filed a bond of $2,800.[73]

1924 (Jan 10). GLIMANHAGA. Cather­ine Gli­man­haga, daugh­ter of Moses and Cather­ine Gli­man­haga (pio­neers of Har­ri­son Town­ship), was born on the home­stead March 11, 1850; died Dec. 26, 1923, in the Men­non­ite Home for the Aged at Eureka, Ill.; aged 73 y. 9 m. 15 d. She was the youngest of eleven chil­dren, and the last of the fam­ily to be called by death, hav­ing been a faith­ful mem­ber of the Men­non­ite Church for many years. She lived on the home­stead nearly 71 years, after which she made her home with a niece, Mrs. George Rellinger, until Sept. 20, 1923, at which time she entered the Home for the Aged, where she remained until death. The near­est sur­viv­ing rel­a­tives are three nieces, Mrs. George Rellinger, of Elkhart, Ind., Mrs. John Shine of Ban­gor, Mich., and Mrs. Ben­jamin Kit­son of Syra­cuse, Ind. She is also sur­vived by many other rel­a­tives and friends. Funeral ser­vices were held at Yel­low Creek Men­non­ite Church near Goshen, Ind., con­ducted by J. F. Funk and D. A. Yoder.[74]



[1] Goshen Demo­c­rat Wednes­day July 03, 1850 — Page 3

[2] The Elkhart Review, Sat­ur­day, Octo­ber 07, 1865, Page–

[3] The Elkhart Review, Thurs­day, June 02, 1870, Page–

[4] The Elkhart Review, Thurs­day, April 20, 1871, Page–

[5] The Elkhart Observer, Wednes­day, Decem­ber 30, 1874, Page-2

[6] The Elkhart Evening Review Tues­day, Feb­ru­ary 16, 1875

[7] The Wakarusa Sun Thurs­day, July 15, 1875, Page-3

[8] Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XII (8), August 1875, p. 87

[9] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Jan­u­ary 25, 1883 Page-3

[10] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Octo­ber 04, 1883 Page-2

[11] Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), Octo­ber 15, 1883, p. 317

[12] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Octo­ber 25, 1883 Page-2

[13] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Novem­ber 15, 1883 Page-2

[14] The Elkhart Review, 1884

[15] Goshen Daily News, Thurs­day, March 18, 1886, Page-1

[16] The Elkhart Review, March 1886

[17] The Elkhart Review, Thurs­day, Sep­tem­ber 30, 1886, Page–

[18] Nap­pa­nee News Thurs­day, Sep­tem­ber 30, 1886 — Page 2

[19] Goshen Times Thurs­day, July 19, 1888 Page-8

[20] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Sep­tem­ber 26, 1889 Page-7

[21] Goshen Weekly News Fri­day, March 13, 1891 Page-2

[22] Goshen Daily News Tues­day, March 10, 1891

[23] Goshen Demo­c­rat Wednes­day, March 11, 1891

[24] Goshen Times Thurs­day, March 12, 1891

[25] Goshen Weekly Truth Thurs­day, March 12, 1891

[26] Goshen Times Thurs­day June 4, 1891 — Page 5

[27] Goshen Daily News Fri­day, Octo­ber 16, 1891 Page-2

[28] Goshen Weekly News Fri­day, Octo­ber 23, 1891

[29] Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XXVIII (21), Novem­ber 1, 1891 ­ p. 334, 335.

[30] Her­ald of Truth , Vol. XXIX, No. 3, Feb­ru­ary 1, 1892, Page 46

[31] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Jan­u­ary 25, 1894 Page-2

[32] Goshen Demo­c­rat Wednes­day, Jan­u­ary 17, 1894

[33] Goshen Times Thurs­day, May 10, 1894 Page-2

[34] Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XXXI, No. 11, June 1, 1894 — pp 174,17

[35] The Elkhart Review, Octo­ber 31, 1894

[36] Goshen Demo­c­rat Wednes­day, Octo­ber 31, 1894

[37] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Novem­ber 1, 1894

[38] Nap­pa­nee News Thurs­day, Novem­ber 8, 1894

[39] The Goshen Times, Feb­ru­ary 1895

[40] Nap­pa­nee News Wednes­day, Feb­ru­ary 20, 1895 Page-5

[41] Goshen Times Thurs­day, Feb­ru­ary 21, 1895 Page-8

[42] Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XXXII (6), March 15, 1895, p. 94, 95

[43] The Elkhart Weekly Review Sun­day, May 22, 1904, Page–

[44] The Elkhart Daily Truth Tues­day, May 24, 1904, Page–

[45] Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XLI, No. 23, June 2, 1904 — pp 183,184

[46] Goshen Weekly News Times Fri­day, Novem­ber 18, 1904 Page-1

[47] The Elkhart Daily Review, April 18, 1904

[48] The Elkhart Weekly Review, 1904

[49] The Gospel Wit­ness, Vol. 1 (28), Octo­ber 11, 1905, p. 224

[50] Goshen Demo­c­rat, Tues­day July 24, 1906

[51] Gospel Her­ald, Vol. I (6), May 9, 1908, p. 95

[52] Goshen Mid Week News Times Tues­day, June 09, 1908 Page-5

[53] Wakarusa Tri­bune Thurs­day, Octo­ber 26, 1916 Page-8

[54] Goshen Mid Week News Times Fri­day April 30, 1909 — Page 4

[55] Wakarusa Tri­bune Thurs­day, April 07, 1910, Page-1

[56] Wakarusa Tri­bune, Thurs­day, Feb­ru­ary 13, 1911, Page-1

[57] The Elkhart Daily Review Fri­day, Feb­ru­ary 28, 1911, Page-4

[58] The Elkhart Truth Thurs­day March 9, 1911, Page-1

[59] Wakarusa Tri­bune Thurs­day, July 04, 1912 Page-4

[60] The Elkhart Truth Wednes­day, Sep­tem­ber 13, 1916, Page-4

[61] The Elkhart Daily Review, Wednes­day, Sep­tem­ber 13, 1916, Page-5

[62] The Elkhart Daily Review Thurs­day, Sep­tem­ber 21, 1916, Page-4

[63] Gospel Her­ald, Vol. IX (40), Jan­u­ary 4, 1917, p. 734, 735.

[64] Goshen Weekly News Times Fri­day, Feb­ru­ary 16, 1917 Page-2

[65] The Elkhart Truth Tues­day, June 24, 1919, Page-4

[66] The Elkhart Truth Thurs­day, Feb­ru­ary 17, 1921, Page-1

[67] The Elkhart Truth Sat­ur­day, Feb­ru­ary 28, 1921, Page-3

[68] The Elkhart Truth Thurs­day, April 28, 1921, Page-6

[69] The Elkhart Truth, Fri­day, May 06, 1921, Page-2

[70] Wakarusa Tri­bune Thurs­day, May 12, 1921 Page-1

[71] Wakarusa Tri­bune Thurs­day, Decem­ber 15, 1921 Page-5

[72] The Elkhart Truth, Fri­day, Decem­ber 09, 1921, Page-10

[73] The Elkhart Truth Thurs­day, Jan­u­ary 28, 1922, Page-2

[74] Gospel Her­ald, Vol. XVI (41), Jan­u­ary 10, 1924, p. 844, 845.


Posted in Glimanhaga, Indiana | Leave a comment

CLIMENHAGA Family Reunion 1932

I was reminded of this won­der­ful fam­ily pho­to­graph this week after learn­ing of the pass­ing of Reta (Philp) Car­ri­gan, a descen­dant of Ben­jamin Cli­men­haga, who was kind enough to share it with me. It is a fam­ily reunion of the descen­dants of Ben­jamin Cli­men­haga that occurred in 1932 at the home of his son Emer­son Climenhaga.

Climenhaga family reunion 1932

Top row (L to R) — Olive Philp, Emily (Ruegg) Say­lor w/son Robert, Dorothy (Philp) Main, Mil­dred Cli­men­haga, Mar­ion Cli­men­haga w/dau Doris, Daniel Cli­men­haga w/son Arden, Dale Cli­men­haga, Ruth Carver w/dau Shirley, Lot­tie (Cli­men­haga) Asper w/dau Bar­bara, Cather­ine Cli­men­haga, Bert Climenhaga.

Mid­dle Row (L to R) — Ernest Cli­men­haga w/son Lloyd, Emer­son Cli­men­haga, Ben­jamin Cli­men­haga, Esther (Cli­men­haga) Philp, Claude Philp w/dau Patri­cia, Glen Cli­men­haga w/dau Shirley, John Emer­son Ruegg w/son Lorne, Gladys Climenhaga.

Bot­tom Row (L to R) — Arthur Cli­men­haga, Emer­son Cli­men­hage*, Leona Carver, Helen Say­lor, Eve­lyn Carver, Mary Lou Asper, Alice Cli­men­haga, Paul Ruegg, Howard Ruegg, Rosena Carver.

Posted in Asper, Carver, Climenhaga, Family photos, Main, Philp, Ruegg, Saylor | 1 Comment

Regarding Catherine DAMUDE

Question MarkIn Henry Climenhagen’s will the name of his wife is given as “Bar­bary,”[1] a com­mon Ger­manic form of Bar­bara. But, if you look at any given geneal­ogy source per­tain­ing to the Cli­men­haga and Cli­men­hage fam­ily trees, chances are you will find Cather­ine Damude named as the wife of Henry Cli­men­hagen. This is a rea­son­able asser­tion given that some Damude fam­ily mem­bers did set­tle in Bertie and Thorold Town­ships. Yet, as argued below, there does not appear to be any evi­dence to sup­port the asser­tion that Cather­ine was the wife of the Cli­men­hag* patri­arch. Even more strik­ing, there is no clear evi­dence to indi­cate that she ever existed. In what fol­lows I ask a series of ques­tions and attempt to offer evi­dence to sup­port my con­clu­sion that Cather­ine Damude was not the wife of Henry Climenhagen.

What is claimed about Cather­ine Damude?

Accord­ing to var­i­ous genealog­i­cal sources, Cather­ine Damude is assumed to be a sis­ter, or half-sister, of Henry, David, and Samuel[2] Damude (also spelled Dea­mud, Dea­mude, Demuth, Dame­wood, etc.) who hailed from Bucks County, Penn­syl­va­nia. These broth­ers may have been born in Lan­caster County, Penn­syl­va­nia, near to Rapho or Lam­peter Town­ships. It is said that Cather­ine was born in Rapho Town­ship, and that she and Henry Cli­men­hagen were mar­ried in Bal­ti­more, Mary­land some­time before 1793. It is known that the cou­ple later moved to Upper Canada with their two children.

What is known about the Damude brothers?

There are a num­ber of writ­ten accounts of the Damude brother’s arrival in Upper Canada. Much of what we know about this Damude fam­ily comes from a detailed account by Anna Eliz­a­beth Damude, grand­daugh­ter of Henry Damude, in her descrip­tion of the arrival of the Damude fam­ily in Upper Canada as found in “a His­tory of the Brethren in Christ Church” by Asa W. Cli­men­haga (Anna was Asa’s cousin twice removed):

Henry Damude and his two half broth­ers, Samuel and David, came from Penn­syl­va­nia the same year, and went back and then came in again the next year, bring­ing with them another span of horses. Some of their horses died with Yel­low Malaria from lack of hay. Anna Winger came the same year that Henry Damude came to stay. In her party there were her sis­ter, Mrs. Sider and hus­band, and her brother, Houn­sley Winger, and a large num­ber of neigh­bors. They were United Empire Loy­al­ists. Although they were Tunkards, they were loyal in spirit to their Sov­er­eign, and though they could not fight, they would not live under the United States flag. Henry Damude came from Bucks County, Penn­syl­va­nia; Anna
Winger came from Lan­caster County, Pennsylvania…The sis­ter, Mrs. Sider, was mar­ried, as was also Hans Winger, before going to Canada.”[3]

The Damudes came to Upper Canada about the same time as the arrival of the Winger/Wenger party which included the Tunker min­is­ter Hans (John) Wenger, his wife Mary Eishel­mann, and his chil­dren, his sis­ter Anna Wenger, Jacob and Mary (Wenger) Sei­der and fam­ily, and the John Groh/Crow fam­ily,[4] amongst others.

With them, the fam­ily brought two cows, a yoke of oxen, seeds and the mate­ri­als nec­es­sary for a gar­den.”[5]

They arrived at their new home the year before the great famine, and there was no time to store up a food sup­ply. As well, winter’s cold snows over­took them before they could fin­ish their log cabin. [The Damude broth­ers] made a dugout in the side of the hill and with logs felled over the entrance, there were warm quar­ters for them­selves, as well as quar­ters for the horses and cat­tle.” [6]

After the hur­ri­cane about two years, when burn­ing off the pine brush on the fal­low, the fire got beyond con­trol and burned up every­thing. This dis­cour­aged them so that they con­cluded to go back to Penn­syl­va­nia, but they took another notion when they got to Black Creek, as they liked the soil there. They decided to set­tle on a farm by the Black Creek a few miles from the river.” [7]

More infor­ma­tion about Henry Damude can be gleaned from other sources regard­ing the Damude brothers:

…Henry Damude set­tled on Lots 153 and 154 in Thorold Town­ship, while his brother David set­tled in Low­banks on Lake Erie, where many of his descen­dants still live today.” [8]

…[Henry Damude] was a weaver by trade, but after com­ing to Canada he only worked at weav­ing dur­ing the win­ter sea­son, his time being fully occu­pied the remain­ing months of the year. The first grist mill…was sit­u­ated at Nia­gara Falls, a dis­tance of twelve miles from his home. [Henry] used to take a bag of wheat on his back and carry it to this mill…” [9]

We also know that David Dea­mud lived in Bertie Town­ship for a time, per­haps in the vicin­ity of Henry Cli­men­hagen and fam­ily, at least until 1807—the year his son John was born.[10][11]

Is Cather­ine Damude a sis­ter to the Damude brothers?

Based on the writ­ten descrip­tions of the arrival of the Damude broth­ers, and in Anna Eliz­a­beth Damude’s account in par­tic­u­lar, there is no men­tion of a sis­ter. Anna Eliz­a­beth names the three Damude broth­ers and describes their jour­ney to Amer­ica. She also gives their fam­ily his­tory orig­i­nat­ing in Switzer­land and an account of the reli­gious per­se­cu­tion that prompted her fam­ily to leave the old world. How­ever, although no records have been found to link Cather­ine with the Damude broth­ers, this does not mean that she was not their sister.

Is there a Damude-Climenhag* fam­ily connection?

The Damude fam­ily is related to one branch of the Cli­men­hag* fam­ily through marriage—that being through Henry Climenhagen’s eldest son Mar­tin. Rev­erend Mar­tin Cli­men­haga (1794–1876) was mar­ried about 1815 to Eliz­a­beth Damude, the daugh­ter of Henry Damude and Anna Winger (1790–1853), and had four chil­dren by this union: Moses, Anna, David, and Mar­tin, Jr. After the death of Henry Cli­men­hagen in 1805, David Dea­mud may have been influ­en­tial in help­ing to raise Henry’s son Mar­tin Cli­men­haga. It is spec­u­lated that David Cli­men­haga, sec­ond son of Mar­tin and Eliz­a­beth (Damude) Cli­men­haga, may have been the name­sake of David Deamud.

Were Henry and Cather­ine mar­ried in Baltimore?

The short answer is prob­a­bly not. No doc­u­ments have been found that name the exact year, or place of mar­riage for Henry Cli­men­hagen and wife. So, why do some sources claim that the cou­ple were mar­ried in Mary­land? This is where things get a bit tricky. It all comes down to com­pet­ing the­o­ries as to who exactly Henry Cli­men­hagen was. It is com­monly agreed that the Cli­men­hag* patri­arch was named Johann Hen­rich Kleimen­hagen, and that he hailed from a small vil­lage in Waldeck Ger­many named Ober-Waroldern. Sev­eral decades ago a clas­si­fied ad was dis­cov­ered dated April of 1789 in which a William Kleimen­hagen, who had just arrived in Bal­ti­more Mary­land, was search­ing for his brother John Henry Kleimen­hagen who was believed to be liv­ing in Bal­ti­more. William soon left the area to live with a farmer in Mar­tic Town­ship, Penn­syl­va­nia.[12]

As the Cli­men­hag* patriarch’s name was already known, based on sev­eral Upper Canada doc­u­ments, as Hen­rich Kleimen­hagen, John Henry Kleimen­hagen was assumed to be the same Hen­rich Kleimen­hagen who had removed to Upper Canada. Since, from the adver­tise­ment, John Henry was assumed to be liv­ing in Bal­ti­more, it was an easy asser­tion that he was also mar­ried there. At the time it was not yet known that William Kleimenhagen’s full name was Johann Hen­rich Wil­helm Kleimenhagen.

It is now believed, by some, that Johann Hen­rich Wil­helm Kleimen­hagen is the real Cli­men­hag* patri­arch. As this Hen­rich Kleimen­hagen arrived in 1789 and inden­tured with a farmer in Mar­tic Town­ship, Lan­caster County, PA for  three years (An assump­tion based on fam­ily folk­lore and typ­i­cal Penn­syl­va­nia con­tracts of inden­ture at that time), he would more likely have been mar­ried in Lan­caster County, Penn­syl­va­nia, rather than in Maryland.

If you sub­scribe to the first the­ory then the story has some merit. John Henry met Cather­ine Damude before her broth­ers relo­cated to Upper Canada in 1788. It makes sense there­fore that Henry and wife chose to live, at least for a time, in Mary­land, and later Penn­syl­va­nia (as eldest child Anna was born there), before immi­grat­ing to Upper Canada in 1797.  But, if you instead sub­scribe to the sec­ond the­ory, the dates and places do no align. First, if the cou­ple were mar­ried it is most likely that they were wed in Penn­syl­va­nia, hav­ing never lived in Mary­land. More impor­tantly, as the Damude broth­ers were set­tled in Upper Canada in 1788, and Henry Cli­men­hagen arrived in the new world in 1789, it seems more prob­a­ble that Cather­ine would have gone with her fam­ily and neigh­bours to Upper Canada the year before Henry’s arrival.

Was Cather­ine Damude the wife of Henry Climenhagen?

First, as already stated, Henry’s wife is named in his will as “Bar­bary.” Some have sug­gested that “Bar­bary” may have been the mid­dle name of Cather­ine Damude. As Henry’s will is the only source to name his wife this sug­ges­tion can nei­ther be con­firmed or denied.

How­ever, other con­nec­tions, or rather, a lack thereof, call any rela­tion­ship between Cather­ine and Henry Cli­men­hagen into ques­tion. For instance, an old hand writ­ten geneal­ogy by David Cli­men­haga (1826–1913), a grand­son of Henry Cli­men­hagen, and son of Mar­tin Cli­men­haga and Eliz­a­beth Damude, names his grand­par­ents on his mother’s side as Henry and Anna Damude. Yet, he makes no men­tion of his grand­par­ents on his father’s side. This sug­gests that he knew very lit­tle about the iden­tity of his Cli­men­hag* grand­par­ents. Putting aside the fact that Cather­ine Damude is said to be the sis­ter to Henry Damude (which would make Mar­tin Cli­men­haga and his wife Eliz­a­beth first cousins), if David Climenhaga’s grand­mother was a Damude it seems prob­a­ble that this infor­ma­tion would be com­mon knowl­edge within David’s fam­ily. This is espe­cially true since David per­son­ally knew his grand­fa­ther Henry Damude, and surely would have known that his Damude grand­fa­ther and Cli­men­hagen grand­mother were sib­lings. In a let­ter he wrote to his grand­chil­dren David writes:

Now I will try to tell the way we went to go to grand­paps. We would try to get ready the day before, then all get in the poor wagon, put in some straw or hay, the hay was always scarce, for there was not much clear land. The cows would run in the bush. We had to go to the Black Creek to Nia­gara River, then along the river to Chipawa, then down to Nia­gara Falls, then down to the Lundy’s Lane, then west to Allan­burgh, then across the canal on a poor bridge, then up on the Can­bory road tilr we could perty nere see grand­paps’ place. Then we would feel glad that we were perty soon there. They had an old house down the big hill that was some 80 feet down. There was grandma and aunts. Their first chil­dren were all most girls. The four old­est were girls. The house was small and poor, but we were sat­is­fied just as we that she would include infor­ma­tion ell as now. But poor grandma was an invalid. She had to work hard to make things go. She had a sore on the side that she could not get around, but there the girls could get to the work.” [13]

Another clue is that although Asa Cli­men­haga and Anna Eliz­a­beth Damude were first cousins twice removed (i.e., Eliz­a­beth (Damude) Cli­men­haga, David Climenhaga’s mother, and Anna Elizabeth’s father David Damude were both chil­dren of Henry and Anna (Wenger) Damude), Anna Eliz­a­beth never men­tioned a great aunt named Cather­ine. Being aware of Asa’s rela­tion­ship to the Damude fam­ily it seem likely that Anna Eliz­a­beth would include this infor­ma­tion to him in her fam­ily his­tory. As Anna Eliz­a­beth was able to pro­vide a very rich and detailed account of the Damude’s arrival in the new world, as well as the goings-on in the old world and accounts of reli­gious per­se­cu­tions her ances­tors endured, it seems even more likely she would add her great aunt’s infor­ma­tion to the story. It may be how­ever that the infor­ma­tion was not per­ti­nent to the point Asa was mak­ing in his book about Anabap­tist his­tory. How­ever, even if Asa chose not to include that infor­ma­tion in his book he had a gen­uine inter­est in fam­ily his­tory and would have surely passed down this vital infor­ma­tion to his nieces and nephews. Yet, in all his writ­ings about the fam­ily his­tory the Chris­t­ian name of the Cli­men­hag* fam­ily matri­arch is never mentioned.

What can we con­clude about Cather­ine Damude?

Based on exten­sive record searches over an approx­i­mate 30 year span (my own and other researchers), no evi­dence has been dis­cov­ered of a Cather­ine Damude liv­ing in Bertie Town­ship, Upper Canada, or in Lan­caster or Buck’s coun­ties in Penn­syl­va­nia, dur­ing this time period. In fact, another fam­ily researcher, David C. Cli­men­hage, looked exten­sively for late 18th and early 19th cen­tury records for Cather­ine Damude. Although he per­son­ally vis­ited the Lan­caster and Bucks coun­ties archives he found no evi­dence per­tain­ing to Cather­ine Damude.

How­ever, we must err on the side of cau­tion. Sim­ply because no records have been found for Cather­ine Damude does not mean that she did not exist. Still, the lack of evi­dence is puz­zling. Fur­ther­more, the story of Cather­ine Damude appears to have been built up over time with one piece added here and another piece added there. As Sher­lock Holmes was fond of say­ing, “‘It is a cap­i­tal mis­take to the­o­rize before one has data. Insen­si­bly one begins to twist facts to suit the­o­ries, instead of the­o­ries to suit facts.”[14] To me, it appears that some mis­takes were made early on as to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of the Cli­men­hag* matri­arch. And, rather than rein­ter­pret the data in light of the facts, or lack thereof, facts were twisted to suit the theory.

At present, I am inclined to believe that this par­tic­u­lar Cather­ine Damude, as named above, never existed. But, if new evi­dence does present itself that clearly impli­cates a Damude (sis­ter or oth­er­wise) as the Cli­men­hag* matri­arch I will read­ily incor­po­rate that infor­ma­tion into the Cli­men­hag* fam­ily nar­ra­tive. As yet, I have seen none.

Updated 3 Apr 2015

Foot­notes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Estate file for Henry Cli­men­hagen, pro­bated June 7, 1805, Lin­coln County Sur­ro­gate Court estate files, RG 22-A35, Micro­film MS 8408, Archives of Ontario. [In his will Henry states, “…I give and bequeath unto Bar­bery my beloved wife all my lands that I now pos­sess and all my mov­ables goods and chat­tels as long as she remains my wife…”](↵)
  2. On 27 Feb 1815 Henry Dame­wood affirmed before Amos Chap­man J. P. that his brother Samuel Dame­wood left this Province four and twenty years ago and to the best of his knowl­edge is resid­ing in Mary­land in the United States of Amer­ica and that he has not left any chil­dren in this coun­try. Signed Henry Damwood. (Thorold Town­ship Papers 0396)(↵)
  3. Cli­men­haga, Asa Winger. His­tory of the Brethren in Christ Church. Nap­pa­nee, IN. E.V. Pub­lish­ing House, pp. 93–94.(↵)
  4. Nigh, Harold. The lost tribes of the Nia­gara plain folk. Men­non­ite His­tor­i­cal Soci­ety of Ontario, Vol. 4, 1986. (↵)
  5. Betti, M. Town­ship of Thorold, 1793–1967 : Cen­ten­nial project of the Town­ship of Thorold. Toronto, ON: Armath Asso­ciates, 1967, p. 160–164.(↵)
  6. Ibid.(↵)
  7. Cli­men­haga, Asa. His­tory of the Brethren in Christ Church.(↵)
  8. On 2 Jan 1795 Henry Damwood aged 32, born in Penn­syl­va­nia, weaver appeared before John Small and took the pre­scribed oaths and was rec­om­mended for a grant of two hun­dred acres of land. On the same date Act­ing Sur­veyor Gen­eral D. W. Smith assigned to him two hun­dred acres in Lots 153 and 154 Thorold Twp. (Thorold Town­ship Papers 0359)(↵)
  9. Bio­graph­i­cal Sketches sec­tion of the His­tory of Welland County Ontario. Welland, ON: Welland Tri­bune Print­ing House, 1887.(↵)
  10. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 27. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010. [John Dea­mud, son of David, died 13 June 1881 at the age of 77 years. On his death notice his place of birth is named as “Bertie town­ship Ont.” As his age indi­cates he was born abt 1804].(↵)
  11. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 21. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010. [David Junior, son of David Dea­mud, died in Sher­brook 12 July 1879 at the age of 72. His place of birth is named as Bertie, Ontario. He would have been born abt 1807.(↵)
  12. William Kleimen­hagen Ad/Classified, Mary­land Jour­nal, 10 Apr 1789, , News; dig­i­tal images, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com: 30 March 2012), cit­ing orig­i­nal.(↵)
  13. Sider, Harold & Sider, Ron. Two hun­dred years with the Siders. Erin, ON. Boston Mills Press, 1986, pp. 29–30.(↵)
  14. Conon Doyle, Arthur. A scan­dal in Bohemia. The Strand Mag­a­zine, 1891.(↵)
Posted in Damude, Deamud, Henry Climenhagen | 1 Comment

Abraham CLIMENHEGG (1800–1835): Chippewa General Store Ledger, 1835

1835_Chippawa_05Henrich Kleimen­hagen had five chil­dren. His fourth child and third son, Abra­ham, was born 13 August 1800 at Bertie Town­ship, Lin­coln County, Ontario.[1] He was prob­a­bly the name­sake of Abra­ham Beam, a friend of his father’s, who had died the pre­vi­ous year. In March of 1825, Abra­ham (Cli­men­hegg) inher­ited part of his father’s estate being Lot 13, Con­ces­sion 9 in Bertie Town­ship,[2] just east of his brother Mar­tin Climenhaga’s farm. That same year he mar­ried Mary Ann Zim­mer­man, 22 Novem­ber 1825, at Stam­ford Town­ship.[3] The cou­ple had four chil­dren, namely Nathaniel, Susan­nah, Abra­ham, and Mary before Abra­ham Sr. died 16 Decem­ber 1835[4]. Because Abra­ham died so young we know very lit­tle about him.

Thanks to the Nia­gara branch of the Ontario Genealog­i­cal Soci­ety we now know a lit­tle more about this man. The OGS of Nia­gara has made avail­able a ledger from a gen­eral store that did busi­ness in Chippewa, Ontario with records from 1815, 1835, and 1850. An account for Abra­ham is found in this ledger and lists items he pur­chased begin­ning in Jan­u­ary of 1835 until his death. The items are tran­scribed below.

1835 Abra­ham Climenhaga Cr & Dr
  Province Cur­rency    
Jany 5th To 2˶14˶ 8¼ & By 2˶17˶6   2˶17˶6 2 14
May 27 To Weight of his But­ter Keg 14lb 7½   ˶ 8 9
  By cash in full   5˶11½      
  To 3¾ yards Bombazette 1/7   5 11¼
  “ a Ball Cot­ton thread    
July 1 “ ¼ lb Young Hyson Tea 51   1 3
  “ a Grass Scythe     5
13 “ ½ pound Indigo 7/6   3 9
  “ 1 Yard Brown Cotton      
17 “ a paper Pins       9
August 1 “ a hair Combe       5
  “ ½ Pound Young Hyson Tea 51   2 6
  “ ¾ Yard Apron Cloth (?) 1/3     11¼
  “ a Cot­ton Handkf     1 7
  “ ½ Pound Indigo 7/6   3 9
  By a Keg But­ter Grass 83 lb   1 6
  Keg Weighs 14 lb        
  For Accnt 69 lb7¼ 2˶3˶1½ 16 7
  To Cash in Full 16/7        
1836 Widow Mary Cli­men­haga do   2˶3˶1½ 2 3

A num­ber of items stand out in the list and may sug­gest that Abra­ham was a weaver. For exam­ple, Abra­ham pur­chased a num­ber of yards of “bom­bazette,” which is a thin woollen type of cloth, plain or twilled, that came in var­i­ous colours. [5] He also pur­chased another type of cloth, as well as balls of cot­ton thread. Accom­pa­ny­ing these pur­chases were pins, believed to hold mate­r­ial in place, and indigo, a nat­u­rally occur­ring blue dye made from plants. I am not very famil­iar with weav­ing prac­tices at the turn of the 19th cen­tury. Per­haps the amount of mate­r­ial pur­chased wasn’t suf­fi­cient for a weav­ing trade? More research is needed to answer this question.

Some sim­ple house­hold items are also found in the ledger such as a hair comb, and a hand­ker­chief. Other items give us some insight into his family’s sim­ple diet, such as but­ter and green tea. Young Hyson tea was grown in China and was con­sid­ered a high qual­ity green tea. It was appar­ently golden in color, and had a full-bodied, pun­gent taste.[6]

The pur­chase of a grass scythe sug­gests that he was able bod­ied at the time of pur­chase in July of 1835. Abraham’s final pur­chase was in August of that year. It is dif­fi­cult to know if this was a typ­i­cal slow down of work dur­ing the Fall sea­son, or if it sig­ni­fied a grow­ing ill­ness, and per­haps an inabil­ity to work. Like his father, and his grand­fa­ther before, Abra­ham died a rel­a­tively young man. In Decem­ber of 1835 he was buried near to his father in Winger ceme­tery (present Black Creek Pio­neer ceme­tery). Although the “Cli­men­hegg” spelling no longer sur­vives, his many descen­dants endure to this day.

Foot­notes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Denise d’Etremont & William Stevens. A genealog­i­cal ref­er­ence for the mon­u­ment inscrip­tion of Black Creek Pio­neer Ceme­tery OGS #4622. Ontario Genealog­i­cal Soci­ety, 1989 [Cal­cu­lated from grave marker: 35 y’s 4 mo 3d](↵)
  2. On 12 March 1825 (Reg 24 May 1825) Mar­tin Cli­men­hagen, Moses Cli­men­hagen, Henry Cli­men­hagen, Anna Sider wife of John Cider sons & daugh­ter of Henry Cli­men­hagen deceased sold to Abra­ham Cli­men­hagen 100 acres in Lot No 13 Con­ces­sion 9 from the Nia­gara River, Bertie Twp. for 5 shillings (A295 #6629).(↵)
  3. Ontario His­tory (Vol. 5–8). Krause Reprint Co., 1904, p. 206.(↵)
  4. d’Etremont, A genealog­i­cal ref­er­ence, 1989. (↵)
  5. Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dic­tio­nary. C. & G. Mer­riam Co., 1913.(↵)
  6. Rosen, Diana. Teas of yore: Bohea, Hyson and Con­gou, nd.(↵)
Posted in Climenhegg, Zimmerman | Leave a comment

Christian CLIMENHAGE’s Pocket Watch

Waltham pocket watch I don’t recall exactly when my father passed down my great-great-grandfather’s pocket watch to me. It must’ve been in my early twen­ties. At the time I didn’t really under­stand the watch’s true value or impor­tance. It was just a neat old watch. Although pass­ing down a time­piece within a fam­ily may seem cliché, the sym­bol­ism is rather fit­ting. For each of us our time here is lim­ited. With each suc­ces­sive gen­er­a­tion time begins and ends. Yet, the watch itself stretches time—across generations—and, in so doing, cre­ates a pal­pa­ble sense of con­nec­tion to the past.

The pocket watch, pic­tured above, was pur­chased by Chris­t­ian Cli­men­hage in 1902.[1] It’s not worth a lot, at least not in terms of mon­e­tary value. It’s a mid­dle of the road, well used, Waltham pocket watch—a workman’s watch. But there’s a lot more than that to this time­piece. I am reminded of a quote from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Dr. Wat­son who, in restat­ing the opin­ion of his friend Holmes, says that “it is dif­fi­cult for a man to have any object in daily use with­out leav­ing the impress of his indi­vid­u­al­ity upon it.”[2] This watch is no excep­tion. What can it tell us about the man who owned it? Well, per­haps that kind of infer­ence is best left to Sher­lock Holmes. What this watch really does is to help tell the story of my great-great grand­fa­ther sim­ply through it’s accom­pa­ni­ment with him dur­ing the last 25 years of his life.

Up to and Includ­ing 1902: The end of an era

Chris­t­ian, or Chris as he was known, was 49 years old when he pur­chased his new watch. He was born Octo­ber 3rd, 1853 at Bertie Town­ship, just east of Stevensville, Ontario.[3] Being the 3rd son and 4th child of Moses Cli­men­hage and Fan­nie Sider, Chris grew up in a log house[4] sit­u­ated on farm­land handed down from his great-grandfather Henry, through his grand­fa­ther Mar­tin, to his father.[5] This land, located on the east side of Lot 13, Con­ces­sion 10, is bor­dered by Black Creek, Eagle street, Sider road, and Col­lege road. Today this land is part of the Inter­na­tional Coun­try Club of Niagara.

Chris Climenhage family circa 1905
At Crys­tal Beach circa 1905. Seated L to R: William Grant, (pos­si­bly) Andrew Cli­men­hage, Mag­gie (Beam) Cli­men­hage, Chris Cli­men­hage. Stand­ing L to R: Sarah Ann (Beam) Grant, Bert Cli­men­hage, Ettie May Cli­men­hage (photo cour­tesy of Terry Gilmour)

The begin­ning of the twen­ti­eth cen­tury marked the dawn of a new age. Thus far Chris had spent the entirety of his life liv­ing in the Vic­to­rian era. Chris had wit­nessed the inven­tion of the tele­phone, the incan­des­cent light bulb, the modern-day bicy­cle, and the auto­mo­bile, to name a few, as well as the birth of Canada in 1867. By 1901, with the death of the Queen, it was a new world.

Chris and Maggie Climenhage 1874
Chris and Mag­gie (Beam) Cli­men­hage wed­ding photo 1874 (photo cour­tesy of Fort Erie Museum)

Up to now, Chris had been mar­ried 28 years and most of his chil­dren were grown. He was wed at the age of 21 on July 6, 1874 at Drum­mondville, Stam­ford Town­ship, Welland County, Ontario[6] (a part of Nia­gara Falls today), to Mar­garet “Mag­gie” Beam who was the  daugh­ter of Solomon Beam and Mary Ann Tay­lor. The wed­ding was a dou­ble cer­e­mony that included Maggie’s younger sis­ter Geor­giana Beam and James Frank Dunn.  Chris and Mag­gie had six children—Ivora Eben (1875), Levi Solomon (1877), Charles Edwin (1881), Albert Roy (1885), Robert Arthur (1886), and Ettie May (1888).

It was in 1902 that the first of Chris’ children—son Levi, my great grandfather—was mar­ried.[7] “Lee” and wife Jen­nie (Huff­man) later moved to Port Col­borne, Ontario where Lee worked as a car­pen­ter and a house builder.

Brass bands had become increas­ingly pop­u­lar in the 19th cen­tury,[8] and Chris report­edly played the cornet—a brass instru­ment sim­i­lar to a trumpet—in a local mil­i­tary band.[9] Inter­est­ingly, Chris’ brother-in-law J.F. Dunn, who was a band­mas­ter with the mil­i­tary band, and sev­eral brass and sil­ver bands in the area,[10] prob­a­bly had a sig­nif­i­cant influ­ence on Chris first tak­ing up the instru­ment. Since then, each suc­ces­sive gen­er­a­tion in my fam­ily has played a musi­cal instrument.

Chris and Andrew Climenhage, circa 1880
Chris Cli­men­hage and pos­si­bly his younger brother Andrew, circa 1880 (photo cour­tesy of David Climenhage)

Chris was a car­pen­ter by trade begin­ning at least as far back as 1874.[11] It’s not clear how Chris first took up his craft but his uncle David Cli­men­haga was also an avid car­pen­ter and enjoyed mak­ing fur­ni­ture, toys, stir­ring ladles, and the like.[12]

From about 1875 until the late 1890s Chris and his fam­ily lived and worked on Lot 11, Con­ces­sion 11 in down­town Stevensville,[13] in the vicin­ity of East Main and Stevensville Road. This loca­tion lay just south of the first United Brethren Church of which Chris and his fam­ily were mem­bers. This loca­tion is where Chris first began his “fur­ni­ture and under­tak­ing” business.

It was there that Chris’ son Rob­bie died on Christ­mas Eve in 1887[14] and was buried in the United Brethren ceme­tery (aka Beams Mill) located on the orig­i­nal UB Church property.

By 1902, Chris was resid­ing with his fam­ily at 3801 West Main Street in Stevensville located on the cor­ner of West Main and Coral Avenue[15] (see photo below). Chris was a well-known funeral direc­tor in Stevensville, and from this loca­tion he car­ried on his pros­per­ous under­tak­ing business.

Although car­pen­try and under­tak­ing do not, on the sur­face, seem com­pat­i­ble, the mar­riage of these two trades was com­mon through­out the 19th cen­tury. While prepar­ing a body for bur­ial was ordi­nar­ily left to the fam­ily of the deceased, as the 19th cen­tury pro­gressed fam­ily mem­bers often sought out some­one else to “under­take” the funeral arrange­ments. Car­pen­ters, par­tic­u­larly cab­i­net or fur­ni­ture mak­ers, were often called upon to build a sturdy cas­ket for the deceased. Under­tak­ing became a nat­ural exten­sion of the car­pen­try busi­ness. Until the twen­ti­eth cen­tury, under­tak­ing was often a sec­ondary rather than a pri­mary pro­fes­sion.[16] This change is reflected for the first time in the 1901 cen­sus records wherein Chris char­ac­ter­izes his occu­pa­tion as “under­taker” rather than as “car­pen­ter” as in the pre­vi­ous cen­sus records.[17]

Solomon Beam Family circa 1886. Chris Climenhage is 3rd from the left at the back. In front from the left is Maggie (Beam) Climenhage holding Bert, Charlie, Ivora, and Levi.
Solomon Beam Fam­ily circa 1886.
Chris Cli­men­hage is 3rd from the right at the back. In front, L to R is Mag­gie (Beam) Cli­men­hage hold­ing Bert, Char­lie, Ivora, and Levi (photo cour­tesy of David Climenhage)

It isn’t clear exactly when Chris began his funer­ary busi­ness. Although the offi­cial Cli­men­hage funeral home records begin in 1887[18] we know that Chris was pro­vid­ing funeral ser­vices as early as 1885 with his pur­chase of a new horse-drawn hearse that same year from a car­riage maker in Rochester, New York.[19] How­ever, Chris was pre­sum­ably pro­vid­ing these ser­vices much ear­lier than that.[20] Since the end of the Amer­i­can Civil war arte­r­ial embalm­ing became a pop­u­lar method for pre­serv­ing a body for open-casket view­ing.[21] Early on Chris received train­ing in embalm­ing, and was said to own a portable embalm­ing table that he would take to the house of the deceased.[22]

Climenhage Funeral Home, Stevensville Ontario
Top left: Cli­men­hage Funeral Home, Stevensville (photo cour­tesy of Chris­tine Craig). Top right: Busi­ness ad, 1914; Bot­tom L to R: 1885 horse-drawn hearse and 1919 REO Speed­wagon hearse (pho­tos cour­tesy of Larry Williams)

1904 to 1912: Trou­bling Times

In his early 50s, Chris was active in com­mu­nity affairs, serv­ing as Reeve of Bertie Town­ship in 1904.[23] That same year saw the con­struc­tion of the sec­ond United Brethren Church in Stevensville, which was located on West Main street across from the Cli­men­hage funeral home.[24] Chris filled a num­ber of offi­cial posi­tions as a mem­ber of the quar­terly con­fer­ence of the Nia­gara Cir­cuit.[25]

Chris’ par­ents, Moses and Fan­nie, were some of the early con­verts to Epis­co­pal Method­ism in Bertie Town­ship,[26] and they fol­lowed this faith until Chris was grown. Although his par­ents returned to the Tunker Church of their youth, Chris car­ried on in the Methodist tra­di­tion and joined the United Brethren Church some time before 1874.[27] In 1889, a church schism occurred break­ing the UB Church into two rival factions—the Lib­er­als, which were made up of younger men, and the Con­ser­v­a­tives (also called Rad­i­cals) which were made up of older, more respected min­is­ters. Fol­low­ing the split, the main body now encom­pass­ing the Lib­eral fac­tion expelled the “Rad­i­cal” min­is­ters, assigned their own men to all the fields, and locked the doors on many churches.[28] In Stevensville, the Con­ser­v­a­tives made up the entire con­gre­ga­tion, and so they refused to turn over the church prop­erty to the Lib­er­als. [29]

Chris became involved in a legal bat­tle over the use of the orig­i­nal UB Church build­ing in Stevensville, as he’d been appointed as co-trustee of the church prop­erty.[30] The legal case of Brew­ster v. Hen­der­shot (1900), which ruled in favour of the Lib­er­als, laid the mat­ter to rest. The Con­ser­v­a­tives turned over the church build­ing. Sud­denly an entire town con­gre­ga­tion found itself with­out a church, or a meet­ing place.

In 1904, a new UB Church was built. Accord­ing to Chris’ obit­u­ary he was “con­verted in 1904 and was bap­tized and united with the United Brethren Church in the fol­low­ing year.”[31] The church schism cre­ated a seem­ingly strange and unusual sit­u­a­tion for Chris and his Con­ser­v­a­tive fac­tion. Although Chris had been a mem­ber of the UB Church for at least 30 years, this “new” church, which con­tained the same arti­cles of faith as the “old” UB Church was now legally a new entity. As a result, Chris, and pre­sum­ably the entire Con­ser­v­a­tive con­gre­ga­tion, was re-baptized.

The years that fol­lowed would test Chris’ faith. In 1905 his 16-year-old daugh­ter Ettie was struck down by tuber­cu­lo­sis.[32] The fol­low­ing year his eldest son Ivora was also taken by the dis­ease.[33] Chris was over­come with grief. Even for an under­taker who is con­tin­u­ally sur­rounded by death the loss must have been dev­as­tat­ing. It’s dif­fi­cult to even imag­ine what he must’ve gone through.

But brighter times lay ahead with the wed­dings of his sons Char­lie in 1910 to Ethel Stoner,[34] and Bert in 1912 to Edna Dean.[35] But again tragedy struck Octo­ber 3, 1912, when wife Mag­gie died from an acute attack of goitre.[36] Although the 20th cen­tury ush­ered in a new world, for Chris, this new era had brought with it many sorrows.

1913 to 1927: To the close

Fol­low­ing Maggie’s death, Chris remar­ried on May 3, 1916 at Berlin (Kitch­ener), Water­loo, Ontario,[37] a widow named Pamil­lia Isabella “Mil­lie” Baer. The two met through the UB Church. Mil­lie, the daugh­ter of Aaron Baer and Bar­bara Mar­tin, was born Jan­u­ary 23, 1861 at New Dundee, Wilmot Town­ship, Water­loo County, Ontario.[38] She was pre­vi­ously mar­ried to Joel Wan­ner who died from apoplexy one year after they were mar­ried.[39]

That same year, Chris’ older brother Jacob became quite ill.[40] A num­ber of years prior Chris had pur­chased what remained of his father’s land from his older brother and his younger sis­ter Annie for $1000, and then granted the land to them in 1915 for the rest of their nat­ural lives.[41] When Jacob got sick, both he and sis­ter Annie were shipped off to the Welland Indus­trial Home.[42] Jacob and Annie gave a quit claim on the land allow­ing Chris to grant it to Aaron Morn­ingstar.[43] The rea­son the land was granted to Aaron isn’t quite clear. In Novem­ber of 1917 Chris’ older brother George died sud­denly,[44] and the fol­low­ing month Jacob’s ill­ness finally took him.[45]

Christian Climenhage grave marker
Cli­men­hage fam­ily grave marker at St. John’s Angli­can Church ceme­tery, Fort Erie, Ontario

Despite these per­sonal losses, the funeral home was flour­ish­ing and in 1919 Chris bought a new REO Speed­wagon chas­sis and hired Jesse Finch, a local car­riage maker (Finch Car­riage Co.), to con­struct the hearse coach­work[46] (see photo above). The 1885 horse-drawn hearse was put into stor­age in son Bert Climenhage’s barn, and remained there for 70 years.[47] In 1988 the hearse was sold to Larry Williams of William’s Funeral Home in Ridge­way, Ontario, and restored in 1991. Since then, it has been used for funer­als around Ontario and in New York State.[48] Larry Williams also found and restored the REO Speed­wagon hearse.[49]

By 1926 Chris’ health began to fail, and he turned the oper­a­tion of the funeral home over to his son Bert.[50] In 1927, on Octo­ber 3rd—the same day that wife Mag­gie passed away—Chris died from uraemia (renal fail­ure) and pneu­mo­nia.[51] The funeral ser­vice was con­ducted by the Dell Funeral Home in Ridge­way,[52] and Chris was laid to rest in St. John’s Angli­can Church ceme­tery with his wife Mag­gie and his chil­dren who had pre­de­ceased him. Mil­lie died Novem­ber 27, 1949 at Stevensville,[53] some 20 years after Chris’ passing.

Final Thoughts

Sit­ting here now, hold­ing my great-great grandfather’s pocket watch and reflect­ing on his life, I can’t help but think of all the death he was exposed to. He was immersed in it. And yet, his expe­ri­ence as an under­taker couldn’t have pre­pared him for the loss of Mag­gie and his three chil­dren. Still, it must have been an amaz­ing time to be alive. It was an age of immense progress. Every­thing was new and excit­ing. It was an era that saw rapid changes and Chris appears to have adapted well.

Over one-hundred years have passed since the pur­chase of this fam­ily heir­loom, and I feel very priv­i­leged to pos­sess this small piece of my family’s his­tory. True. It’s just a mid­dle of the road, well used, Waltham pocket watch—but it tells the story, in its own way, of my great-great grandfather’s life. It con­nects me to the past. I cher­ish this arti­fact, but I also look for­ward to the day when I will pass this time­piece down to my own son. And, at that moment, time will stretch a lit­tle further.



Foot­notes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. The National Asso­ci­a­tion of Watch & Clock Col­lec­tors, Waltham ser­ial num­bers. Found online at http://www.nawcc-info.org/WalthamDB/walsernum.htm.(↵)
  2. Conan Doyle, Arthur. The Sign of Four. Lon­don, Spencer Black­ett, 1890.(↵)
  3. The Chris­t­ian Con­ser­va­tor, 26 Octo­ber 1927, p. 15.(↵)
  4. Library and Archives Canada; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Cen­sus Returns For 1861; Roll: C-1080. Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1861 Cen­sus of Canada [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2009.(↵)
  5. Estate file for Henry Cli­men­hagen, pro­bated June 7, 1805, Lin­coln County Sur­ro­gate Court estate files, RG 22-A35, Micro­film MS 8408, Archives of Ontario; On 4 Nov 1864 (Reg 3 Nov 1876) a last will and tes­ta­ment was filed for Mar­tin Cli­men­hage bequeath­ing to Moses Cli­men­hage the east part of Lot 13 Con­ces­sion 10 from the Nia­gara River, Bertie Twp. (A4 #2842).(↵)
  6. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_16; Reel: 16. Ancestry.com and Genealog­i­cal Research Library (Bramp­ton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Mar­riages, 1801–1928 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2010.(↵)
  7. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_109; Reel: 109. Ancestry.com and Genealog­i­cal Research Library (Bramp­ton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Mar­riages, 1801–1928 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2010.(↵)
  8. Her­bert, Trevor. The British brass band: A musi­cal and social his­tory. Oxford, Oxford Uni­ver­sity Press, 2000.(↵)
  9. David Cli­men­hage, Orono, Ontario, Email mes­sage to author, 17 August 2013 [This mes­sage states that Chris­t­ian played the cor­net and that David owns the last cor­net Chris played. He also states that his uncle Cliff Cli­men­hage told him Chris played with the local mili­tia band.](↵)
  10. Glean­ings in Bee Cul­ture, Vol. LXVII Med­ina, Ohio, A. I. Root Co., 1939. [“He joined the 44th Lin­coln and Welland Reg­i­ment, as bands­man about 1880, and was band­mas­ter about 1885. Later he orga­nized and taught the Ridge­way Sil­ver Cor­net Band, and found time to teach two other bands in another town.”](↵)
  11. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_16; Reel: 16(↵)
  12. Cli­men­haga, Asa Winger. Later fam­ily links. Address given on the occa­sion of his father’s 90th birth­day, 1940.(↵)
  13. Year: 1881; Cen­sus Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Roll: C_13253; Page: 53; Fam­ily No: 264. Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1881 Cen­sus of Canada [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2009.; Year: 1891; Cen­sus Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Roll: T-6375; Fam­ily No: 155. Ancestry.com. 1891 Cen­sus of Canada [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2008.(↵)
  14. Robert Arthur Cli­men­hage grave marker. Found online at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=114684151. (↵)
  15. Year: 1901; Cen­sus Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 4; Fam­ily No: 37. Ancestry.com. 1901 Cen­sus of Canada [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2006.(↵)
  16. Beal, Eileen. Funeral homes and funeral prac­tices: The ency­clo­pe­dia of Cleve­land his­tory, 2001. Found online at  http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=FHAFP. (↵)
  17. Year: 1901; Cen­sus Place: Bertie, Welland, Ontario; Page: 4; Fam­ily No: 37. Ancestry.com. 1901 Cen­sus of Canada [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2006.(↵)
  18. Cli­men­hage Funeral Home records, Fort Erie Museum, Ridge­way, Ontario.(↵)
  19. Larry Williams, per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion, 27 July 2014. (↵)
  20.  This refers to a lost ref­er­ence regard­ing a funeral in the late 1870s/early 1880s in which Chris and brother Andrew Cli­men­hage charged a fee for grave dig­ging. (↵)
  21. Beal, Eileen, 2001.(↵)
  22. David Cli­men­hage, per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion, 2009.(↵)
  23.  Many voices II: A col­lec­tive his­tory of greater Fort Erie. Fort Erie Museum Board, 2004, p. 267.(↵)
  24. Photo 1 shows the sec­ond UB church in Stevensville with ‘1904’ stamped on the build­ing; Photo 2 shows the approx­i­mate loca­tion of the UB church on West Main street in Stevensville.(↵)
  25. The Chris­t­ian Con­ser­va­tor, 18 Jan­u­ary 1928, p. 15.(↵)
  26. Library and Archives Canada; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Cen­sus Returns For 1861; Roll: C-1080(↵)
  27. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_16; Reel: 16.(↵)
  28. Ori­gin and his­tory of the United Brethren Church in Christ. Found online at http://www.ubcanada.org/ub-church-history.html.(↵)
  29. Brew­ster v. Hen­der­shot [1900] O.J. No. 25 at para. 17.(↵)
  30. Brew­ster v. Hen­der­shot [1900] O.J. No. 25 at para. 13.(↵)
  31. The Chris­t­ian Con­ser­va­tor, 26 Octo­ber 1927, p. 15.(↵)
  32. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 123. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010.(↵)
  33. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 128. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010.(↵)
  34. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_151; Reel: 151. Ancestry.com and Genealog­i­cal Research Library (Bramp­ton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Mar­riages, 1801–1928 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2010.(↵)
  35. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_230; Reel: 230. Ancestry.com and Genealog­i­cal Research Library (Bramp­ton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Mar­riages, 1801–1928 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2010.(↵)
  36. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 181. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010.(↵)
  37. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_400; Reel: 400. Ancestry.com and Genealog­i­cal Research Library (Bramp­ton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Mar­riages, 1801–1928 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2010.(↵)
  38. Year: 1901; Cen­sus Place: Berlin (Town/Ville), Water­loo (north/nord), Ontario; Page: 17; Fam­ily No: 170. Ancestry.com. 1901 Cen­sus of Canada [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2006.(↵)
  39. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS932_325; Reel: 325. Ancestry.com and Genealog­i­cal Research Library (Bramp­ton, Ontario, Canada). Ontario, Canada, Mar­riages, 1801–1928 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2010.; Archives of Ontario; Series: S935; Reel: 214. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010.(↵)
  40. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 236. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010.(↵)
  41. On 29 Jan 1910 (Reg 7 Feb 1910) Jacob and Annie Cli­men­hage sold to Chris­t­ian Cli­men­hage 25 acres in the south 1/2 of Lot 13 Con­ces­sion 10 from the Nia­gara River, Bertie Twp. for $1000. (A18 #14045); On 30 Mar 1915 (Reg 28 May 1915) Chris­t­ian Cli­men­hage granted to Jacob and Annie Cli­men­hage for their nat­ural lives 25 acres in the south 1/2 of Lot 13 Con­ces­sion 10 from the Nia­gara River, Bertie Twp. for $1. (A21 #17077).(↵)
  42. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 236.; Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 354(↵)
  43. On 1 Nov 1916 (Reg 30 Nov 1916) Chris­t­ian Cli­men­hage & wife granted to Aaron Morn­ingstar 25 acres in the south 1/2 of Lot 13 Con­ces­sion 10 from the Nia­gara River, Bertie Twp. for $2 + more (A22 # 17744).(↵)
  44. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 236.(↵)
  45. ibid.(↵)
  46. Larry Williams, per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion, 27 July 2014. (↵)
  47. ibid.(↵)
  48. Williams Funeral Home. Found online at http://www.williamsfuneralhome.ca/adv_tunnel.php (link is dead).(↵)
  49. ibid.(↵)
  50. The Chris­t­ian Con­ser­va­tor, 26 Octo­ber 1927, p. 15.(↵)
  51. Archives of Ontario; Series: MS935; Reel: 354. Ancestry.com. Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Over­seas, 1939–1947 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2010.(↵)
  52. ibid.(↵)
  53. Nia­gara Falls Evening Review, 28 Novem­ber 1949, p.6.(↵)
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Eighty Years or More by Asa W. CLIMENHAGA

A num­ber of years ago while look­ing through records held by the Ridge­way Museum I came upon a pho­to­copy of an address given by Asa W. Cli­men­haga on the occa­sion of his father’s nineti­eth birth­day cel­e­bra­tion. In it he describes, in brief, the char­ac­ter­is­tics of his broth­ers and sis­ters, and his many nieces and nephews. As the major­ity of these folks have passed on, this is now an impor­tant fam­ily doc­u­ment. As Asa had a great inter­est in the Cli­men­haga fam­ily his­tory I believe he would very much approve of it being repro­duced and shared here. –James Cli­men­hage

Ridge­way, March 9, 1940 – Peter M. Cli­men­haga, Stevensville, retired farmer, cel­e­brated his 90th anniver­sary on March 7. He was born on the farm where he is now liv­ing, half a mile east of Stevensville, of pio­neer stock retir­ing from active work about ten years ago. He is widely known, hav­ing been For­eign Mis­sion­ary Trea­surer for the Brethren in Christ denom­i­na­tion for many years, of which he has been a promi­nent mem­ber. He also served on the pub­lic school board.

In 1872 he mar­ried miss Anna Winger, who resided west of Stevensville, and who passed on some years ago. He now resides with his daugh­ter, Mrs. Sarah Neff. Mr. Cli­men­haga was the father of six boys and  three girls. Four of his sons are min­is­ters, one a dea­con and one a  school teacher deceased. Asa, John, Abi­gail reside in Penn­syl­va­nia; Reuben, Laban, and Naa­man live in the Cana­dian north­west, and Sarah  resides near Stevensville. There are 39 grand­chil­dren and 10 great grand­chil­dren. A son Solomon and a daugh­ter Ella are deceased. Mr. Cli­men­haga enjoys good phys­i­cal health and has never suf­fered any  seri­ous illness.

Solomon is the old­est son. He was born April 16, 1874. He  grad­u­ated from Nor­man School and taught in the pub­lic school sys­tem. [He mar­ried Eliz­a­beth Sherk, who was born] at Fish­erville, Ontario Decem­ber 21, 1872. She is five  feet two inches high and her aver­age weight is one hun­dred and fif­teen  pounds. She is noted for being early to bed and early to rise. They had one son and one daugh­ter. Naomi was born August 6, 1904 at  Stevensville, Ontario. She is five feet one inch with an aver­age weight of one hun­dred and sixty pounds. Her motto is things done by  half are never done right. Oscar is a lit­tle older than his sis­ter  Naomi. He is also slightly taller and slightly heav­ier. He is known  for the state­ment “you know what I mean.” Naomi has remained sin­gle. Oscar is mar­ried and lives at Fort Erie. He is a cus­toms offi­cer on  the Cana­dian side.

Reuben Sin­clair is the sec­ond eldest of Peter Mar­tin Climenhaga’s  fam­ily. He is five feet eight inches tall with an aver­age weight of  one hun­dred and sev­enty pounds. He is a min­is­ter and is noted for  say­ing “Look here.” He mar­ried Eliz­a­beth Bert of Kansas. Eliz­a­beth  was born Octo­ber 13, 1880 near Detroit, Kansas. She is about five  feet five inches in height and an aver­age weight of 160 lbs. Her  char­ac­ter­is­tic is oth­ers first. To this union were born ten chil­dren.  The fol­low­ing is a record of them made in 1938.

Paul Har­ris Octo­ber 23, 1906 170 5’ 10” Anx­ious to get things done
Alice Irene Feb­ru­ary 10, 1908 160 5’ 6” Good natured
Mabel Eliz­a­beth June 29, 1909 150 5’ 9” Care­ful­ness
Frances Anna Sep­tem­ber 26, 1910 160 5’ 3” Kind to others
Evan Peter April 6, 1912 175 5’ 10” Rather mod­est
Orville Samuel Novem­ber 27, 1913 159 5’ 8” Quiet and steady
John Leroy Novem­ber 7, 1916 160 5’ 7” Believes he can if he tries and tries
Miriam Ruth June 16, 1918 136 5’ 5” Quiet and fond of reading
Verna Eve­lyn Jan­u­ary 16, 1920 181 5’ 5” Cheer­ful
Daniel Bert July 24, 1921 117 5’ 2” Enjoys sto­ries and poetry

Abbie was born Decem­ber 22, 1879. She is five feet and three inches tall, with an aver­age weight of 138 lbs. She is noted for her suc­cess as a home maker. She mar­ried Jesse E. Brech­bill of Detroit, Kansas. He was born in Franklin County, Penn­syl­va­nia August 12, 1878. He is 5′ 6″ in height and his aver­age weight is 138. He is noted for his abil­ity as a busi­ness man­ager. To them were born six chil­dren, the youngest being twins with one dying in infancy.

Helen Amanda May 24, 1908      
Ray Feb­ru­ary 9, 1910 155 5′ 11″ Why worry?
Anna M. May 19, 1917 118 5′ 3″ A true heart
Ruth Miriam July 20, 1919 115 5′ 5″ I can

Ella Ann was born Sep­tem­ber 30, 1882. She was a lit­tle taller than Abbie. She so much appre­ci­ated her parental home that she hes­i­tated a long time before she con­sented to leave it. She mar­ried Carl Baker of Ontario and moved with him to a prairie farm in North­west Canada. The tran­si­tion from her child­hood home to a home in the west was more than her ten­der life could stand. After a short period of mar­ried life she sud­denly departed to be at rest with Him whom she loved and sin­cerely served from childhood.

John Arthur was born April 16, 1884. He is 5′ 7″ with an aver­age weight of 170 lbs. He is a min­is­ter, mis­sion­ary, and teacher. His chief char­ac­ter­is­tic is “Made clear by the words I know.” He mar­ried Emma Smith of Har­ris­burg, Penn­syl­va­nia. She was born Feb­ru­ary 24, 1892. She is 5′ 5″ and weighs 175. One word, loy­alty, best explains her char­ac­ter­is­tic. To them were born five children.

Arthur Mer­lin Feb­ru­ary 21, 1916 155 5′ 11″ Stu­dent
David Elbert June 14, 1919 185 5′ 10″ Delib­er­ate
Joel Ray April 9, 1922 100 5′ 1″ Writer
Leoda Marie Feb­ru­ary 14, 1931 - - Reader
Kathryn Anna June 28, 1933 - - Mother’s helper

Laban was born March 7, 1886. He is 5′ 10″ tall with an aver­age height of 150 lbs. His life work con­sists of till­ing the soil, rear­ing a fam­ily, and serv­ing his church as dea­con. He is noted for his desire to be punc­tual. He mar­ried Priscilla Bert of Detroit, Kansas. She was born July 24, 1887. She is five feet five inches tall with an aver­age weight of one hun­dred and twenty six pounds. A faith­ful wife and mother describes her well. To this union were born eleven children.

Ethel March 17, 1912 130 5′ 6″
Earl Richard Decem­ber 6, 1913 135 5′ 7″ That’s all right
Ruth Eliz­a­beth Jan­u­ary 20, 1915 129 5′ 3″ Abil­ity
Flo­rence Mae May 15, 1916 140 5′ 6″ On the square
Velma Irene Sep­tem­ber 2, 1917 130 5′ 6″ Will­ing worker
Helen Marie Sep­tem­ber 1, 1918 145 5′ 4″ Kind
Dor­cas Doreen Feb­ru­ary 20, 1921 125 5′ 5″ Loy­alty
Samuel Bert Jan­u­ary 11, 1923 100 5′ 0″ Depend­able
Ernest Charles Decem­ber 12, 1924 95 4′ 11″ Reader
Viola Rowena April 14, 1927 66 4′ 5″ Spir­ited
Lois Cather­ine Jan­u­ary 22, 1931 36 3′ 9″ Affec­tion­ate

Asa W. was born July 1, 1889. Height 5′ 10″ with an aver­age weight of 170. Edu­ca­tor, min­is­ter, and author. He greatly appre­ci­ates the beau­ti­ful and is noted for being sys­tem­atic. He mar­ried Anna Eliz­a­beth Kipe. She was born July 13, 1896 at Way­nes­boro,  Penn­syl­va­nia. She is 5′ 7″ with an aver­age weight of one hun­dred and thirty. She is a scholar, teacher, home­maker. She is noted for being thor­ough in her work.

Sarah was born Novem­ber 22, 1890. She is 5′ 5″ with an aver­age weight of 130. She is an ideal Chris­t­ian and a friend of youth. She mar­ried Edmund Neff of Stevensville, Ontario who was born June 2, 1869. He is 5′ 10″ with an aver­age weight of 145. He is reserved but helpful.

Naa­man was born March 14, 1893. He is about five feet ten inches tall with an aver­age weight of about 170. He is a min­is­ter and tiller of the soil. He mar­ried Sal­lie Wenger of Lebanon County, Penn­syl­va­nia. She was born Decem­ber 21, 1897 and is about 5′ 4″ with an aver­age weight of about one hun­dred and forty. She is a home­maker. To them were born six children.

Anna Eliz­a­beth Sep­tem­ber 1923 - 99 Worker
Clarence Eugene Feb­ru­ary 1926 - 92 Full of life
Eunice May July 1927 - 86 Kind­hearted
Merle Austin Jan­u­ary 1929 - 60 Likes horses
Mar­jorie Lillian March 1932 - 33 Enter­tainer
Ferne Ruth April 1934 - 31 Imi­ta­tor


Com­piled by Asa W. Cli­men­haga, Mes­siah Col­lege, Grantham Penn­syl­va­nia, 17025

Also read Later Fam­ily Links by Asa W. CLIMENHAGA

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Luetta ACKER: A child bride

1800s_brideIn doing genealog­i­cal research, I some­times come across a find­ing that gives me pause. This hap­pened for me this week with Luetta Acker.[1]

Luetta was a daugh­ter of Susan­nah Climenhaga/e and Andrew Acker. On Sep­tem­ber 26th 1894[2]—her twelfth birth­day[3]—she was wed to George Hiles who was 41 years old.[4] Up until 1890 age of con­sent in Canada was 12 years old. After 1890 age of con­sent was raised to 14 although 12 year olds could still legally give con­sent if mar­ried.[5]

Luetta Acker was born Sep­tem­ber 26th 1882 in Wain­fleet, Welland County, Ontario.[6] She was the 9th of 11 chil­dren born into a poor fam­ily.[7] Her par­ents were of the Tunker faith and Ettie’s father Andrew worked as a day labourer to make ends meet. Trag­i­cally, Andrew died on June 13th 1889 at Wain­fleet of dys­pep­sia (stom­ach trou­bles)[8] leav­ing Susan­nah with many small chil­dren to feed.

Shortly there­after Luetta went to live with her older sis­ter Anna and hus­band George Hiles.[9] George and Anna had a new­born baby named Stella May who was born July 7th 1889.[10] Again tragedy struck when on August 31st 1893 Anna was hit and killed by an auto­mo­bile.[11] Stella, only 4-years-old, was now in need of a mother and her 11-year-old aunt Ettie fit the bill.

Although Luetta and George were mar­ried a year later in 1894, their first child Percy did not come along until late in 1901,[12] which sug­gests that inti­macy between the cou­ple may have been non-existent until Ettie was in her late teens.

Although not unheard of, mar­riage at such a young age in the 1800s was uncom­mon as most women tended to marry in their mid to late teens. This sit­u­a­tion seems to have been a mar­riage of necessity—a neces­sity for Ettie’s mother due to poverty and too many mouths to feed, and a neces­sity for George Hiles who needed a mother for his infant daughter.

Foot­notes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Some mem­bers of the fam­ily also went by Ecker.(↵)
  2. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Births and Still­births – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS932_82.(↵)
  3. Ibid. [On her mar­riage reg­is­tra­tion she lied about her age say­ing she was 16](↵)
  4. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869–1934 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Deaths, 1869–1934. MS 935, 496 reels. Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Ontario O), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, Roll: MS935_295. [Although George’s age on the mar­riage reg­is­tra­tion is 30 years old (1864), his death reg­is­tra­tion indi­cates he was born abt 1853.](↵)
  5. MacKay Robin. “Bill C-22: An Act to Amend the Crim­i­nal Code (age of Pro­tec­tion) and to Make Con­se­quen­tial Amend­ments to the Crim­i­nal Records Act*.” Bill C-22: An Act to Amend the Crim­i­nal Code (age of Pro­tec­tion) and to Make Con­se­quen­tial Amend­ments to the Crim­i­nal Records Act (LS-550E). Accessed May 03, 2014. http://www.parl.gc.ca, 2007 (↵)
  6. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Births and Still­births – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS929_57.(↵)
  7. Ecker, Levi. My life’s story: From drunken lime-kiln burner to gospel pul­pit (n.p.), n.d.(↵)
  8. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869–1934 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Deaths, 1869–1934. MS 935, 496 reels. Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Ontario O), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS935_56.(↵)
  9. Ancestry.com, 1891 Cen­sus of Canada (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2008. .Orig­i­nal data — Library and Archives Canada. Cen­sus of Canada, 1891. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2009. http:/www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-18), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, T-6376_147.(↵)
  10. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Births and Still­births – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS 929_96.(↵)
  11. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Deaths, 1869–1934 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Deaths, 1869–1934. MS 935, 496 reels. Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Ontario O), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS935_69.(↵)
  12. Ancestry.com, Ontario, Canada Births, 1869–1909 (Online pub­li­ca­tion — Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions Inc, 2007.Original data — Archives of Ontario. Reg­is­tra­tions of Births and Still­births – 1869–1909. MS 929, 206 reels. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Archives of Ontario.Archives of Ontario. Delayed R), Ancestry.com, http:/www.Ancestry.com, MS929_156(↵)
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David CLIMENHAGA (1826–1913). Letter to his Grandchildren

I do not have a copy of this let­ter in my pos­ses­sion. This tran­scrip­tion was found in the book, “Two Hun­dred Years with the Siders,” (pp. 29–30). If any­one has a copy of this let­ter, or knows some­one who does, would you please pass the infor­ma­tion along to me.

David Climenhaga circa 1909
David Cli­men­haga circa 1909

“My dear grand­child, I now thought to let the young know how we started in this world when all was new and not as it is now. When l was a lit­tle boy I can well remem­ber when all this coun­try was new and the peo­ple were poor. When they had to do the best that they could. When not the improve­ment was as is now. You young ought being very thank­ful to the good Lord of Heaven that he let your fore­par­ents have the insight to bring it as it is now at this present time. I can well remem­ber how it was when I was a lit­tle boy, there were no bug­gies to be seen I do think in this coun­try, or any other. I well know the first light rig that was around was old Samuel Streed. That was a pretty good rig for all to ride in, the roads were poor around stumps and stones and creek and mud holes, that it was almost impos­si­ble to get through. No wag­on­mak­ers, no black­smiths, hardly any iron to put on the rigs. The peo­ple were poor and there was not any per­son that had a lum­ber wagon.”

[After describ­ing con­struc­tion of some of the prim­i­tive vehi­cles used, he tells of the trip to visit his Damude grand­par­ents in the Pel­ham area.]
“Now I will try to tell the way we went to go to grand­paps. We would try to get ready the day before, then all get in the poor wagon, put in some straw or hay, the hay was always scarce, for there was not much clear land. The cows would run in the bush. We had to go to the Black Creek to Nia­gara River, then along the river to Chipawa, then down to Nia­gara Falls, then down to the Lundy’s Lane, then west to Allan­burgh, then across the canal on a poor bridge, then up on the Can­bory road tilr we could perty nere see grand­paps’ place. Then we would feel glad that we were perty soon there. They had an old house down the big hill that was some 80 feet down. There was grandma and aunts. Their first chil­dren were all most girls. The four old­est were girls. The house was small and poor, but we were sat­is­fied just as well as now. But poor grandma was an invalid. She had to work hard to make things go. She had a sore on the side that she could not get around, but there the girls could get to the work.

But that is in the past, but we ought to be very thank­ful and not get up too high. Keep down very low at the feet of Jesus. If we read the great sin that the peo­ple did was to neglect the poor and take the advan­tage of them that can’t see how they should do to get along. It seems to me that it is a great bless­ing that we can see and try to be indus­try. I call it a gift of God, so try to help the poor and be hon­est in all that we do.”

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Moses GLIMANHAGA (1802—1875): Ontario, Ohio, and Indiana

Moses Glimanhaga Land Tracts in Ontario, Ohio, and Indiana
Moses Gli­man­haga Land Tracts in Ontario, Ohio, and Indiana

MOSES GLIMANHAGA was the youngest child of Henry and Bar­bary Cli­men­hagen. He was born in Bertie Twp., Welland Co., Ontario[1] on 17 July 1802.[2] When Moses was only three years old his father died—the will proven 7 June 1805. Moses was made an execu­tor of his father’s will along with his mother Bar­bary, Chris­t­ian Shoup, and Dr. Peter Hershe(y).[3] It wasn’t until 1825 that Moses and his sib­lings received their share of their father’s lands[4] which is spec­u­lated to mean that Henry’s wife Bar­bary either died or remar­ried at that time.[5]

On 13 June 1828, Moses sold his share of his father’s estate—a 100 acre par­cel in Willoughby Twp.—to Eliz­a­beth Shoup for ₤32 [6] Four months prior, on  2 Feb­ru­ary 1828, Moses had pur­chased 100 acres being the south­ern half of Lot 7, Con 3 in Whitchurch Twp., York Co. from David Stegman for $250.[7] That same year Moses mar­ried CATHERINE SHANK on 29 April 1828 at Markham Twp., York Co., Ontario.[8] Cather­ine, born 21 August 1809 at Markham Twp., was the eldest of thir­teen chil­dren born to Michael Shank and Bar­bara Weideman/Wideman.[9]

To Moses and Cather­ine were born eleven chil­dren:[10] Bar­bara (1829), Abra­ham (1830), Adam (1832), Eliz­a­beth (1833), Fanny (1835), Michael (1837), Anna (1839), Lydia (1842), Moses (1844), Henry (1849), and Cather­ine (1850). The same year that daugh­ter Eliz­a­beth was born, Moses pur­chased an addi­tional 100 acres, 10 Decem­ber 1833, being the north­ern half of Lot 7, Con 3 in Whitchurch Twp. from Alexan­der McDonell for $200.[11]

On 24 March 1840 Moses sold his 200 acres of land in Whitechurch Twp. to George Thomas for $2000,[12] but accepted a mort­gage for $1600.[13] That year Moses, along with his wife, chil­dren, Catherine’s par­ents, and some of her sib­lings, relo­cated to Greens­burg Twp., Put­nam County, Ohio. Here Moses pur­chased land north of the Blan­chard River on 22 July 1840 from Isaac Fowler. This land—95 acres being the west half of sec­tion 68—was pur­chased for $1100, $300 of which Moses mort­gaged.[14] On 30 Jan­u­ary 1844 11-year old Eliz­a­beth died[15] and was pre­sum­ably buried in Greens­burg Twp., in the Myers ceme­tery where her grand­mother Bar­bara (Wide­man) Shank is buried.

On 6 Novem­ber 1848 Moses and Cather­ine deeded ¼ acre of this land to “Jonas Shank, Henry Shank, and John Eyer preach­ers and elders of the Men­non­ist Church” for three dol­lars for use by the Blan­chard con­gre­ga­tion.[16] Accord­ing to Umble (1931):[17]

The first build­ing of hewn logs, was erected one-fourth mile east of the Perry town­ship line in Greens­burg town­ship on an ele­vated, well-drained plot on the north side of the [Ottawa-Franconia] state road that winds along the north bank of the Blan­chard River… After Moses Gli­man­haga sold his land to Solomon Myers…the church came to be called Moyer’s (Myers) church. When the church was aban­doned some years later, Solomon Myers wrecked the build­ing and cleared the site.”

That same year Moses and his fam­ily moved to the more pros­per­ous Elkhart Co., Indi­ana with the Shank fam­ily. On 2 Octo­ber he pur­chased 80 acres in Har­ri­son Twp., sec­tion 20, from John Hoover for $160.[18] Moses later pur­chased an addi­tional 53 acres in sec­tion 20 and 160 acres being in the sw ¼ of sec­tion 7 in Har­ri­son Twp..[19] On 16 June 1851 Moses sold his Ohio farm to his brother-​​in-​​law, Solomon Myers, for one hun­dred dol­lars less than he paid for it.[20]

Moses Glimanhaga grave marker in Yellow Creek Cemetery. Photo by Patti Sommers, 2010.
Moses Gli­man­haga grave marker in Yel­low Creek Ceme­tery. Photo by Patti Som­mers, 2010.

Moses and Cather­ine would sadly live to see the deaths of three more of their children—sons Moses and Henry, who died 15 Octo­ber 1851[21] (7 years old) and 5 Novem­ber 1853[22] (5 years old) respec­tively, and son Michael who died in 1863 at age 25 dur­ing the Amer­i­can Civil War.[23]

Moses Gli­man­haga died 14 July 1875 at Har­ri­son Twp., Elkhart Co., Indi­ana from dropsy.[24] Cather­ine (Shank) Gli­man­haga died eight years later on 6 Octo­ber 1883 at Har­ri­son Twp.[25] Both are laid to rest at Yel­low Creek Men­non­ite Ceme­tery, Wakarusa in Har­ri­son Twp., Elkhart Co., Indi­ana [26]

Some­time after their deaths a court bat­tle began over the own­er­ship of the Gli­man­haga farm that dragged out in the Indi­ana court sys­tem for three years—but that’s another story.


Foot­notes    ((↵) returns to text)
  1. Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XII, August 1875, p. 875(↵)
  2. ibid(↵)
  3. Last will and tes­ta­ment of Henry Cli­men­hagen, 7 June 1805, reg­is­tered 15 Decem­ber 1804, Lin­coln County, Ontario. Lin­coln County Sur­ro­gate Court estate files RG 22–235(↵)
  4. On 12 Mar 1825 (Reg 30 May 1825) Mar­tin Cli­men­hagen, Henry Cli­men­hagen, Abra­ham Cli­men­hagen, Anna wife of John Sider chil­dren of Henry Cli­men­hagen Sr gave a quit­claim to Moses Cli­men­hagen on 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Con­ces­sion, Willoughby Twp. for 5 shillings (A122 #6641)(↵)
  5. In the will of Henry Cli­men­hagen, dated 14 Decem­ber 1804, he states, “I give and bequeath unto Bar­bery my beloved wife all my lands that I now pos­sess and all my mov­ables goods and chat­tels as long as she remains my wife.” See end­note No. 3(↵)
  6. On 13 Jun 1828 (Reg 9 May 1829) Moses Cli­man­haga sold to Eliz­a­beth Shoup 100 acres in Lot 7 Cross Con­ces­sion, Willoughby Twp. for ₤32 (A156 #7614)(↵)
  7. On 2 Feb 1828 (Reg 7 Mar 1828) David Stegman sold to Moses Cli­man­hawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Con­ces­sion 3 (S ½), Whitechurch Twp. For $200 (B.&S. #6239). Also see Stamp, R.M. (nd). Early days in Rich­mond Hill: A his­tory of the com­mu­nity until 1930(↵)
  8. Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), Octo­ber 15, 1883, p. 317(↵)
  9. ibid(↵)
  10. ibid(↵)
  11. On 10 Dec 1833 (Reg 14 Jun 1834) Alexan­der McDonell sold to Moses Claymin­hawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Con­ces­sion 3 (N ½), Whitechurch Twp. For $200 (B.&S. #10825).(↵)
  12. On 24 Mar 1840 (Reg 25 Feb 1841) Moses Climing­hawk et ux. sold to George Thomas 200 acres in Lot 7 Con­ces­sion 3, Whitechurch Twp. for $2000 (B.&S. #18162).(↵)
  13. On 24 Mar 1840 (Reg 12 Jun 1840) George Thomas mort­gaged to Moses Climing­hawk 100 acres in Lot 7 Con­ces­sion 3 (N ½), Whitechurch Twp. for $1600 (Mort. #17391).(↵)
  14. On 22 Jul 1840 Isaac Fowler sold to Moses Gleimen­hagen 95 acres in ne fr w ½ in Greens­burg Twp., Put­nam Co., OH for $1100 (Vol 11 p. 383). Also see Umble, J. Early Men­non­ite Sun­day schools of Nother­west­ern Ohio. The Men­non­ite Quar­tlerly Review, 100–111, 1931(↵)
  15. Rellinger, Orlo. Gli­man­haga fam­ily record (births and deaths), 1874/2012. Found online at Ancestry.ca(↵)
  16. On 6 Nov 1848 Moses Gleimen­hagen sold to Trustees of the Men­non­ist Church ¼ acre in ne fr w ½ in Greens­burg Twp., Put­nam Co., OH for $3 (Vol 2 p. 465).(↵)
  17. Umble, J. Early Men­non­ite Sun­day schools of Nother­west­ern Ohio. The Men­non­ite Quar­tlerly Review, 1931, p. 107–108(↵)
  18. On 6 Oct 1848 John Hoover sold to Moses Gli­man­haga 80 acres in w ½ ne ¼ sec 20 in Har­ri­son Twp., Elkhart Co., IN for $160 (Trans­fer BR1 p. 39).(↵)
  19. Geil, Samuel. Map of Elkhart Co., Indi­ana, 1861(↵)
  20. On 16 Jun 1851 Moses Gleimen­hagen sold to Solomon Myres 94 ¾ acres in ne fr w ½ in Greens­burg Twp., Put­nam Co., OH for $1000 (Vol 4 p. 570). Also see Umble, J. Early Men­non­ite Sun­day schools of Nother­west­ern Ohio. The Men­non­ite Quar­tlerly Review, 100–111, 1931(↵)
  21. Rellinger, Orlo. Gli­man­haga fam­ily record (births and deaths), 1874/2012. Found online at Ancestry.ca(↵)
  22. ibid(↵)
  23. Ancestry.com. U.S., Reg­is­ters of Deaths of Vol­un­teers, 1861–1865 [data­base on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Oper­a­tions, Inc., 2012. Orig­i­nal data: Reg­is­ters of Deaths of Vol­un­teers, com­piled 1861–1865. ARC ID: 656639. Records of the Adju­tant General’s Office, 1780’s–1917. Record Group 94. National Archives at Wash­ing­ton, D.C.(↵)
  24. The Wakarusa Sun, 15 July 1875, p. 3; Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XII, August 1875, p. 875(↵)
  25. Her­ald of Truth, Vol. XX (20), Octo­ber 15, 1883, p. 317(↵)
  26. ibid(↵)
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