15 Days (Pt. 1): Chief Henry CLIMINGHAWK

15 daysHenry Climinghawk died in 1837.[1] He was buried on the Presbyterian side of the Birmingham cemetery in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. In Warriors Mark Township, where Henry resided for 50 years, a legend has grown up around him. It is said, by some, that Henry “Climbing Hawk” was “Chief of the Bald Eagle Indians”,[2] and a scout for the Americans during the Revolutionary War—he was even said to have fought against the Indians.[3] But, is this legend true? Was Henry Climinghawk a Native American Chief, and did he fight in the American Revolutionary War against the Indians? In a series of posts I will be documenting the life of Henry Climinghawk. I will argue that Climinghawk was not an Indian Chief, but was instead a former Hessian soldier named Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen who deserted from the 3rd English-Waldeck Regiment in 1777. And, that he subsequently joined, and served with the 2nd New Jersey Regiment before finding his way to Warrior’s Mark, Pennsylvania in the late 1780s.

Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)

  1. “United States Revolutionary War Pension Payment Ledgers, 1818-1872,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-33241-20268-18?cc=2069831 : accessed 18 December 2015), 5-vol E Revolutionary War pensioners > image 30 of 436; citing NARA microfilm publication T718 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1962); Gunning, K.M. (2004). Selected final pension vouchers 1818-1864: Pennsylvania (Vol 1). Westminster, MD: Willow Bend Books. [Note: It is assumed that Henry died in 1837 as his last pension payment is made in September of that year. Conversely he could have died early in 1838](↵)
  2. Elizabeth Nearhoof. Echoes from Warriors Mark, Pennsylvania and surrounding areas. Self published, 1968; Africa, J.S. (1883). History of Huntingdon and Blair Countries, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts.(↵)
  3. Altoona Mirror, Altoona Pennsylvania, 3 July 1991, p. 14.(↵)
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