KLEIMENHAGEN’S of Ober-Waroldern

As recorded in the Maryland Journal, a ‘William Kleimenhagen’ posted a classified ad in April of 1789 stating he is “late from Germany, Country of Waldeck, Upper-Waroldern, having a brother named John Herry[sic] Kleimenhagen …” According to church records this Kleimenhagen family resided in Ober-Waroldern for a relatively short time—only three generations. William (i.e., Johann Henrich Wilhelm Kleimenhagen) is who I am assuming to be Henry Climenhagen based on the available evidence.

Updated 10 May 2014

Kloster Merxhausen
Founded in 1213, the old Merxhausen Monastery was transformed into an asylum for insane and infirm women in 1527. It currently serves as a psychiatric clinic.[3] Photo: Armin Schönewolf, 2006

Hieronymus Kleimenhagen had travelled north-west from the old Monastery at Merxhausen[1], Bad Emstal, Germany where his father Ernst worked as a master brick-maker,[2] to Waldeck, an independent state in Hesse, Germany at that time.

Hieronymus (English: Jerome) was born June 23rd 1695[4]–one of six known children of Ernst and Anna Elizabeth Kleimenhagen. Being a middle child there were few options available to him. He did not stand to inherit land or trade. So, in his early twenties, Hieronymus left Merxhausen to make his own way. He soon met and married Catharina Elisabeth Schwindt. They were married at Twiste in Waldeck on April 10th, 1719.[5]  He and his wife settled in the small village of Ober-Waroldern which lay to the south of Twiste. Although they had six known children, only two lived to adulthood, namely, Johann Christof Kleimenhagen, and Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen. Hieronymus was a religous man. He was pointedly noted as “Reformed” in the church records (Protestant). His religous affiliation is unknown but it was common practice at this time for some Calvinists to prefer to be called Reformed.[6]

Ober-Waroldern
The village of Ober-Waroldern is little changed from the day Henrich Kleimenhagen Left for America in 1789. These timberframe buildings date from the early to mid 18th century
Photo: David Climenhage

Johann Christof, the eldest son, was born in 1725 (baptized April 20th)[7] at Ober-Waroldern, and in 1749 was wed to Anna Maria Göel (b 1721) in that village.[8] Together they had eight known children: Catharina Elisabeth (b abt 1750-51), Johann Christoph (b 1750-51), August Christoffel (b 1751-52), Franz Friedrich (b 1753), Johann Henrich (b 1755), Johann Henrich Wilhelm (b 1758), Jeremias Christian (b 1762), and Johannette Catharine (b 1765).

In 1753 Christof senior reportedly owned one of the “Köthnergüter” in Ober-Waroldern with an 18 acre “Rottland.”[9] Köthner was a type of farmer who owned a “Kote” (English: Cottage) and only a small area of land (less than 20 acres—18 in this case), normally with a meadow. In fact, ‘Rottland’means fields which have been reclaimed by clearing woods, meadows, or heath areas.[10] Generally, farmers could not make their living by cultivating these small parcels of land and typically had to deliver services to the other landlords. The property, which included the old School house and garden, was passed down from Christof’s grandfather, Johann Heinrich Schwindt, who was director of the school at Ober-Waroldern.[11]

The youngest son of Hieronymus, Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen was born August 23rd, 1733.[12] In 1763 he married Catherine Elisabeth Weishaupt at Höringhausen–a small village about 4 km to the south of Ober-Waroldern [13] Catherine, the daughter of Johann Christof Weishaupt and Maria Catharina Falck/Falke, was born August 21st, 1740 at Höringhausen.[14] Together they had four children: Johann Henrich, Marie Elisabeth, Catharine Luise, and Johanne Catharine. Their eldest child and heir, Johann Henrich, was born August 3rd, 1763 at Höringhausen, Waldeck,[15] though he lived in Ober-Waroldern from a young age.[16] This particular Henrich is listed in many family trees as the Climenhag* ancestor. However, this cannot be the case as Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen, son of Bernhard, married Maria Catharina Figge, daughter of Johann Wolrad Figge and Maria Catharina Witmar, and had eight children by this union.[17] He died January 9th, 1823 at Berndorf, Waldeck, Germany.[18] There is some evidence that he may have served with the 4th Waldeck regiment in the American War of Independence. The Hetrina names a Henrich Kleimenhagen of Ober-Waroldern who was recruited in 1782 and released from duty back in Korbach in 1783.[19] His father Bernhard died 7 Apr 1805 of old age at Freienhagen.[20]

Unexpectedly, Christof, son of Hieronymus, died in February of 1768 at the age of 43, and was buried on the 21st of that month[21]. Hieronymus himself had died in March the previous year.[22] It is presumed that Christof’s brother Bernhard moved his wife and children from Höringhausen to Ober-Waroldern to help manage his brother’s estate as Christof’s eldest son, Christoph junior, was just turning 18 years old at that time. In 1769, Catharina Elisabeth, believed to be the eldest child of Christof, wed Johann Gebhard Schneider from Freienhagen, who married into the property.[23] According to the records, Christoph junior was married and living in Korbach by 1785 suggesting he had given up the property in Ober-Waroldern prior to this date.[24] Anna Maria (Göel) Kleimenhagen, wife of Christof senior, died 21 June 1777. [25]

There is evidence that Christof senior’s middle son, Johann Henrich, travelled to America in 1776 as a Hessian Mercenary. According to the Hetrina, a kind of military census, Johann Henrich Kleimenhagen came to America as part of the 3rd Waldeck troop to fight for Britain in the American Revolution. [26][27]Although no age is listed in the Hetrina, Johann Henrich would have been 21 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1776 at Korbach [approx 9 km to the west of Ober-Waroldern]. He is listed as deserting the 3rd Waldeck Regiment on April 5th, 1777 near Elizabethtown, New Jersey although he may have actually deserted several weeks prior. With his father and mother gone, and no prospects to inherit land, he had no reason to return to Germany. The current working theory is that, after his desertion from the Hessians, he enlisted with the Continental Army under Col Shreive in Westfield, New Jersey (approx. 6 miles from Elizabethtown), March 20th, 1777 under the name Henry Clemens. This individual reportedly finished out the war with the Jersey troop and was released from duty in 1783. There is some evidence that he lived in Baltimore, Maryland for a time before relocating to Warriors Mark, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. In 1787 he appears under the name Henry Clymenhawk in the tax assessment for that year and subsequent tax and census records into the 1830s.

As stated in a previous post, Johann Henrich Wilhelm Kleimenhagen from Ober-Waroldern arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in April of 1789 looking for his brother John Henry.[28] Although we don’t know the fates of many of Henry Climenhagen’s other siblings it appears that the Kleimenhagen’s had completely removed themselves from the village of Ober-Waroldern by the early 1800s to other small villages and towns in and around Waldeck.

Descendants of Hans Heinrich Gleimenhagen

Generation 1

1.  HANS HEINRICH1GLEIMENHAGEN was born about 1622. He died in 1688. He married ELIZABETH. Hans Heinrich Gleimenhagen and Elizabeth had the following children:

  • 11.  <ERNST2KLEIMENHAGEN was born about 1655>.
  • 12.  JOHANNES GLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1659.
  • 13.  CHRISTINA GLEIMENHAGEN.
  • 14.  ANNA MARIA GLEIMENHAGEN.
  • 15.  HANS HERMANN GLEIMENHAGEN.

Generation 2

11.  ERNST2KLEIMENHAGEN (Hans Heinrich1 Gleimenhagen) was born about 1655 in Merxhausen, Bad Emstal, Germany. He died in 1701 in Merxhausen, Bad Emstal, Germany. He married ANNA ELIZABETH on 23 Jun 1695 in Sand, Bad Emstal, Germany. Ernst Kleimenhagen and Anna Elizabeth had the following children:

  • 111.  ANNA MARTHA3KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1691.
  • 112.  CHRISTINA KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1693.
  • 113.  HIERONYMUS KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 1695.
  • 114.  JOHANN HENRICH KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1697.
  • 115.  HANS HERMANN KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1700.

Generation 3

113.  HIERONYMUS3KLEIMENHAGEN (Ernst2, Hans Heinrich1 Gleimenhagen) was born on 23 Jun 1695 in Kloster, Merxhausen, Bad Emstal, Germany. He died in Mar 1767 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He married CATHERINE ELISABETH SCHWINDT on 04 Apr 1719 in Twiste, Waldeck, Germany. She was born about 1689 in Germany. She died on 27 Mar 1752 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. Hieronymus Kleimenhagen and Catharine Elisabeth Schwindt had the following children:

  • 1131.  DAUGHTER4KLEIMENHAGEN was born about 1720 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. She died on 07 Mar 1723 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 1132.  SOPHIE CATHARINE KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1722 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. She died on 27 Dec 1723 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 1133.  MAGDALENA CATHARINA KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1723 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. She died on 09 Jun 1724 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 1134.  JOHANN CHRISTOF KLEIMENHAGEN was born in Apr 1725.
  • 1135.  JOHANNES KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1728 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He died on 16 Oct 1729 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany (Smallpox).
  • 1136.  JOHANN BERNHARD KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1733.

Generation 4

1134.  JOHANN CHRISTOF4KLEIMENHAGEN (Hieronymus3, Ernst2, Hans Heinrich1 Gleimenhagen) was born in Apr 1725 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He died in Feb 1768 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He married ANNA MARIA GÖEL in 1749 in Ober-Waloldern, Waldeck, Germany. She was born in 1721 in Germany. She died on 23 Jun 1777 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. Johann Christof Kleimenhagen and Anna Maria Göel had the following children:

  • 11341.  CATHARINA ELISABETH5KLEIMENHAGEN was born about 1750.
  • 11342.  JOHANN CHRISTOPH KLEIMENHAGEN was born in Aug 1750 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He married Maria Elizabeth Bracht in 1785 in Korbach, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Hessen, Germany.
  • 11343.  AUGUST CHRISTOFFEL KLEIMENHAGEN was born about 1752.
  • 11344.  FRANZ FRIEDRICH KLEIMENHAGEN was born in 1753 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He died in 1807.
  • 11345.  JOHANN HENRICH KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 18 Aug 1755 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 11346.  JOHANN HENRICH WILHELM KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 14 Dec 1758.
  • 11347.  JEREMIAS CHRISTIAN KLEIMENHAGEN was born in Mar 1762 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He died in Apr 1762 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 11348.  JOHANNETTE CATHARINE KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 27 Feb 1765 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.

1136.  JOHANN BERNHARD4KLEIMENHAGEN (Hieronymus3, Ernst2, Hans Heinrich1 Gleimenhagen) was born in 1733 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany. He died on 07 Apr 1805 in Freienhagen, Waldeck, Germany (Old age). He married CATHARINE ELISABETH WEISHAUPT, daughter of Johann Christof Weishaupt and Maria Catharina Falke, in 1763 in Höringhausen, Waldeck, Germany. She was born on 21 Aug 1740 in Höringhausen, Waldeck, Germany. Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen and Catharine Elisabeth Weishaupt had the following children:

  • 11361.  JOHANN HENRICH5KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 03 Aug 1763 in Höringhausen, Waldeck, Germany. He died on 09 Jan 1823 in Höringhausen, Waldeck, Germany. He married Marie Catharina Figge in 1792.
  • 11362.  MARIE ELISABETH KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 14 Feb 1766 in Höringhausen, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 11363.  CATHARINE LUISE KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 06 Feb 1770 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.
  • 11364.  JOHANNE CATHARINE KLEIMENHAGEN was born on 08 Dec 1775 in Ober-Waroldern, Waldeck, Germany.

 

Footnotes    ((↵) returns to text)

  1. Weiner, Dora B. “The Madman in the Light of Reason. Enlightenment Psychiatry.” In History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, edited by Edwin R. Wallance and John Gach, 281-303 . New York: Springer, 2008.(↵)
  2. Stoecker, Hilmar G. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Twiste. Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein, 1986. “Getraut 10.4.1719 Heironymus Kleimenhagen’ vom Kloster Merxhausen und Kath Elisabeth Schwind aus Ober Waroldern”(↵)
  3. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Merxhausen(↵)
  4. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Merxhausen(↵)
  5. Stoecker, Hilmar G. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Twiste. Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein, 1986. “Getraut 10.4.1719 Heironymus Kleimenhagen’ vom Kloster Merxhausen und Kath Elisabeth Schwind aus Ober Waroldern”(↵)
  6. Muller, Richard A. The Unaccommodated Calvin: Studies in the Foundation of a Theological Tradition. Oxford University Press, 2001.(↵)
  7. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Getraut (1749) Johann Christoph Kleimenhagen getauft 20.4.1725, begraben 21.2.1768 und nichts näheres bekannt.”(↵)
  8. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Ober Waroldern(↵)
  9. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Kleimenhagen, Joh. Christoph – 18 Morgen Rottland.”(↵)
  10. Günter Kleimenhagen personal communication(↵)
  11. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Davor Hieronymus Kleimenhagen, davor Hermann Schwind, Jakob Keuling. 1769 heiratete ein Friedrich , Schneider aus Freienhagen in das Gut ein. Hat Garten an der Walme. Heute Heinrich Schneider (Jepparts) 18 Morgen Rottland, im Hausstätten, Heinemanns Kopf, Heinzenberg, Gilbecke, am hohlen Weg, am Birnbaum, 2 Pferde, 1 Kuh, I Rind. Zahlt keine Rottsteuer, weil sie vom Gut schon Abgaben und Dienste entrichten.(↵)
  12. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008. “Getraut 8.6.1763 Johann Bernhard Kleimenhagen getauft 23.8.1733 und Catharine Elisabeth Weishaupt geboren 21.8.1740 Höringhausen. (Tochter des Johann Christoph Weishaupt und der Maria Catharina Falke, Höringhausen.”(↵)
  13. Sauer, Friedrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Höringhausen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1975.(↵)
  14. Sauer, Friedrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Höringhausen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1975.(↵)
  15. Sauer, Friedrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Höringhausen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1975.(↵)
  16. Günter Kleimenhagen; Church book of Kirchberg(↵)
  17. Graf, Heinrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Berndorf. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1989.(↵)
  18. Graf, Heinrich. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Berndorf. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1989.(↵)
  19. Waldecker Truppen Im Amerikanischen Unabheangigkeitskreig (Hetrina): Index nach Familiennamen. (Marburg: Archivschule) (Veroeffentlichungen der Archivschule Marburg, Institut fuer Archivwissenschaft, Nr. 10) Band V. Marburg, 1976.(↵)
  20. Baum, Herbert, et al. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Freienhagen. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 1993.(↵)
  21. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  22. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  23. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  24. Schröder-Kleimenhagen, Ilsa. Namensträgerinnen und -träger der Familie Kleimenhagen aus Korbach von der 2.Hälfte des 18.Jahrhunderts bis heute, nd(↵)
  25. Lorenz, Günter. Waldecksche Ortssippenbücher: Ober-Waroldern. Waldeck. Geschichtsverein, 2008.(↵)
  26. Burgoyne, Bruce E. The Third English-Waldeck Regiment in the American Revolutionary War. Heritage Books, 2009.(↵)
  27. Waldecker Truppen Im Amerikanischen Unabheangigkeitskreig (Hetrina): Index nach Familiennamen. (Marburg: Archivschule) (Veroeffentlichungen der Archivschule Marburg, Institut fuer Archivwissenschaft, Nr. 10) Band V. Marburg, 1976.(↵)
  28. Climenhage, James. “Finding Henrich: The Story of the Climenhag* Ancestor,” Climenhaga, Climenhage, Climenhegg & Glimanhaga, The genealogy and family research site of James Climenhage, modified 13 Feb 2013 (http://​www​.jamesclimenhage​.com/​2​0​1​3​/​0​1​/​1​8​/​f​i​n​d​i​n​g​ -​h​e​n​r​i​c​h​-​t​h​e​-​s​t​o​r​y​-​o​f​-​t​h​e​-​c​l​i​m​e​n​h​a​g​-​ a​n​c​e​s​t​or).(↵)
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